David knew very well that the LORD or other men had not stirred up Saul but that it came from Saul’s own bitterness, carnality, and jealousy. Samuel, Saul and David. But David stayed in the wilderness, and he saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. 2 So Saul went down to the Desert of Ziph, with his three thousand select Israelite troops, to search j there for David. Samuel meets with Saul (1-27) 10. 26:10 "as the Lord lives" This is an ancient Israelite oath formula related to the name of YHWH. And David called out to the people and to Abner the son of Ner, saying, “Do you not answer, Abner?” Then Abner answered and said, “Who are you, calling out to the king?” So David said to Abner, “Are you not a man? Commentary on 1 Samuel 26:21-25 (Read 1 Samuel 26:21-25) Saul repeated his good words and good wishes. Subscribe to a study package to unlock the ESV Study Bible, the interactive Knowing the Bible study series, the Preaching the Word commentary series, and more. Now therefore, please, let me strike him at once with the spear, right to the earth; and I will not have to strike him a second time!”. For what have I done, or what evil is in my hand? David therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul had indeed come. 1 Sam. “The Apostle makes a great distinction, and rightly, between the sorrow of the world and the sorrow of a godly repentance which needeth not to be repented of. let him accept an offering--that is, let us conjointly offer a sacrifice for appeasing His wrath against us. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. The spear that was thrown at David in attempted murder before (1 Samuel 18:10-11 and 19:9-10) would now be used as the instrument of the LORD’s righteous judgment. The pressure of all this tempted David to consider leaving Israel altogether and to go among those who worshipped other gods. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. The fact that David did this shows his boldness and courage; the outcome of it all shows God was leading him in it. and David arose, and came to the place where Saul had pitched--Having obtained certain information of the locality, he seems, accompanied by his nephew ( 1 Samuel 26:6 ), to have hid himself, perhaps disguised, in a neighboring wood, or hill, on the skirts of the royal camp towards night, and waited to approach it under covert of the darkness. And indeed, as your life was valued much this day in my eyes, so let my life be valued much in the eyes of the LORD, and let Him deliver me out of all tribulation.” Then Saul said to David, “. 26:9 "who can stretch out his hands against the Lord 's anointed and be without guilt" David was very conscious of God's unique calling and equipping of Israel's king (cf. 26 The Ziphites went to Saul at Gibeah and said, “Is not David hiding on the hill of Hakilah, which faces Jeshimon? (1-4) The Ziphites betray David again. At that time David had opportunity to kill Saul but did not take it. . b. means that David himself went. . 1 Samuel 26:25 Are you not a man? a. And Saul encamped in the hill of Hachilah, which. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. But he offered these suggestions to Saul to give him an easier way to repent. : David made it easier for Saul to repent. See where the king’s spear is, and the jug of water that was by his head: This dramatic evidence – like the evidence of the corner of Saul’s robe in 1 Samuel 24:11 – was undeniable proof that David had the opportunity to kill Saul but did not do it. Now therefore, please, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant: If the LORD has stirred you up against me, let Him accept an offering. opposite Jeshimon, by the road. If vengeance belongs to God, it does not belong to us, so we are to love our enemies and never repay evil with evil. CHAPTER 26. But it has been chosen for the lectionary because of its parallels with the gospel text for the … That translation is accurate from the Hebrew but gives the wrong idea. It all might have seemed to be perfectly given from the hand of God. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. David wanted the large measure of God’s mercy for himself, so David gave Saul the large measure of mercy. The LORD forbid that I should stretch out my hand against the LORD’s anointed. 5. What hurt David the most was that he couldn’t go to the house of God and openly be with the people of God, living his life after the LORD as he longed to. They have driven me out this day from abiding in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, “Go, serve other gods”. God could allow a wicked man to kill Saul at any time. We don’t know who wrote the books; certainly, Samuel was a major contributor, but much of the book takes place after his death in 1 Samuel 25. He neither begs his life from Saul, nor offers one argument to prevail upon him to desist [stop] from his felonious attempts, but refers the whole matter to God, as the judge and vindicator of oppressed innocence.” (Clarke), f. As when one hunts a partridge in the mountains: “It is worthy of remark that the Arabs, observing that partridges, being put up several times, soon become so weary as not to be able to fly; they in this manner hunt them upon the mountains, till at last they can knock them down with their clubs. And David answered and said, “Here is the king’s spear. Please let me strike at once with the spear, . Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. 13-20. reminds us that Saul had a great numerical advantage. Now the Ziphites came to Saul: The people of the city of Ziph – had betrayed David’s whereabouts to Saul before (1 Samuel 23:19-23). And David saw the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. His words in 1 Samuel 26:25 express this also: You shall both do great things and also still prevail. It was in this manner that Saul hunted David, coming hastily upon him, and putting him up from time to time, in hopes that he should at length, by frequent repetitions of it, be able to destroy him.” (Clarke), Then Saul said, “I have sinned. c. David saw the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army: As the entire army slept Saul slept near the commander of his army. Indeed I have played the fool and erred exceedingly.”. When David boldly demonstrated this to Saul, the king was greatly moved emotionally and publicly repented for his murderous intentions toward David. Though God had rejected him from the kingdom, it was in every way the best and most dutiful course, instead of precipitating his fall by imbruing their hands in his blood and thereby contracting the guilt of a great crime, to wait the awards of that retributive providence which sooner or later would take him off by some sudden and mortal blow. His feelings seemed right but his life was not changed (1 Samuel 24:16-21). : The people of the city of Ziph – had betrayed David’s whereabouts to Saul before (1 Samuel 23:19-23). He refused to take the throne through murder or rebellion. That would only change when God changed it; David would not, stretch out his hand against the LORD’s anointed, The LORD shall strike him, or his day shall come to die, or he shall go out to battle and perish. And now see where the king’s spear is, and the jug of water that was by his head.”. : This phrasing shows that David spoke to Saul with genuine humility. Posted on Nov 16, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 3 minutes. . Do not destroy him; for who can stretch out his hand against the LORD’s anointed, and be guiltless: It wasn’t that David thought Saul was right. We might think that David had more righteous reason than ever to kill Saul. David Guzik commentary on 1 Samuel 26, where David has another opportunity to kill Saul in the wilderness of Ziph, but again spares his life. David knew the truth of Hebrews 6:10 before it was written: For God is not unjust to forget your work and labor of love which you have shown toward His name. And Saul encamped in the hill of Hachilah, which is opposite Jeshimon, by the road. Now Saul lay within the camp, with the people encamped all around him. 1 Samuel 26 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. But David knew that even a sinning Saul was still the anointed king over Israel (1 Samuel 10:1). The spear that was thrown at David in attempted murder before (1 Samuel 18:10-11 and 19:9-10) would now be used as the instrument of the LORD’s righteous judgment. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:18-20, 26 View Bible Text . c. David therefore sent out spies: As a wise and capable commander David constantly monitored the movements of Saul. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. David therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul had indeed come. In David’s position many would say, “I showed love and let him off once before. David Again Spares Saul’s Life. At first glance this text about Samuel’s early years seems not to provide many resources for preaching and teaching. What have I done, or what evil is in my hand. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. At that time David had opportunity to kill Saul but did not take it. Thus David withheld the hand of Abishai; but, at the same time, he directed him to carry off some things which would show where they had been, and what they had done. let me smite him . (5-8) David’s second opportunity to kill Saul. 1 Samuel 26:1-4 . Sign up for an account to try it FREE for 30 days. : David knew that it wasn’t “hard” for God to kill Saul. saying, Go, serve other gods--This was the drift of their conduct. : The last time Saul was in this situation he was overcome with emotion. ii. BibleTrack: Bible Commentary - 1 Samuel 25, 26, 27 Visit BibleTrack 1 Samuel 26-27 New International Version (NIV) David Again Spares Saul’s Life. But David knew that even a sinning Saul was still the, king over Israel (1 Samuel 10:1). 24:6-7). It all might have seemed to be perfectly given from the hand of God. Thus he obtained the best of victories over him, by heaping coals of fire on his head. And now see where the king’s spear, Are you not a man? 4, 5. David could say to himself and everyone else, “. i. David understood the principle Jesus spoke of in Matthew 7:2: With the same measure you use, it will be measured back to you. Having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David: This means Saul went back on his previous repentance shown in 1 Samuel 24:16-21. . 3. Why should David go on such a dangerous mission? . What hurt David the most was that he couldn’t go to the house of God and openly be with the people of God, living his life after the LORD as he longed to. But please, take now the spear and the jug of water that, by his head, and let us go.” So David took the spear and the jug of water, Saul’s head, and they got away; and no man saw. And who is like you in Israel? 1 Samuel 26:24 And, behold, as thy life was much set by this day in mine eyes, so let my life be much set by in the eyes of the LORD, and let him deliver me out of all tribulation. Saul defeats the Ammonites (1-11) Saul’s kingship reconfirmed (12-15) 12. This time David actively sought Saul out. 1 Samuel 26:5-25 . 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel. Defender -> 1Sa 25:22 ; 1Sa 25:38 ; 1Sa 25:42 ; 1Sa 25:44 Defender : 1Sa 25:22 - pisseth against the wall This expression here and in 1Sa 15:34 was evidently in David's day a depreciating way of referring to males, and was not necessarily considered a … 3 Saul made his camp beside the road on the hill of Hakilah k facing Jeshimon, but David stayed in the wilderness. As he did this with a pious disposition of mind, it was called ministering unto … Every breath Saul took was a gift from God. i. He could send any of his 600 men to do this job, and from a military sense it made more sense to send someone else. Saul lay within the camp is a good translation of the idea. 15. “There is a vast deal of dignity in this speech of David, arising from a consciousness of his own innocence. But Nabal refused to give a tribute to which justice and gratitude, no less than custom, entitled David. So David arose and came to the place where Saul had encamped: The last time David and Saul met David was simply hiding from Saul and Saul happened upon the place where David hid. The idea is that the perimeter of Israeli army camp was marked by the tracks of their wagons, and it was within the perimeter of the camp that Saul slept. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. David took the spear and the jug of water by Saul’s head, : David would not kill Saul, but he did take the spear and the jug of water as evidence that he had the opportunity to kill Saul. 1, 2. the Ziphites came unto Saul to Gibeah--This people seem to have thought it impossible for David to escape, and therefore recommended themselves to Saul, by giving him secret information The knowledge of their treachery makes it appear strange that David should return to his former haunt in their neighborhood; but, perhaps he did it to be near Abigail's possessions, and under the impression that Saul had become mollified. 25. all asleep, because a deep sleep from the LORD had fallen on them. . : The last time David and Saul met David was simply hiding from Saul and Saul happened upon the place where David hid. He would wait until it came to him God’s way. That generous measure of mercy will be a great blessing to David later in his life. He waited to see if the repentant words Saul spoke showed a genuine repentance in his life. e. Now therefore, do not let my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD: David concluded his appeal to Saul with a simple request. “Saul, please don’t kill me!”, i. and all asleep, Saul was completely vulnerable. Now Saul lay within the camp, with the people encamped all around him. And who is like you in Israel? Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Morgan on I have played the fool: “In these words we have a perfect autobiography. My lord, O king… my lord… please let my lord… his servant: This phrasing shows that David spoke to Saul with genuine humility. “Knowing Saul’s unstable and deceitful heart, he would not trust to any of his professions or promises, but kept out of his reach.” (Poole), ii. See the notes on 1 Samuel 12:1-25 (note) and on 1Sa 24:6 (note). and cried to the The extraordinary purity and elasticity of the air in Palestine enable words to be distinctly heard that are addressed by a speaker from the top of one hill to people on that of another, from which it is separated by a deep intervening ravine. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Add to my study list. David wanted the large measure of God’s mercy for himself, so David gave Saul the large measure of mercy. Though Saul's cruelty and perfidy and general want of right principle had sunk him to a low pitch of degradation, yet that was no reason for David's imitating him in doing wrong. But if it is the children of men, may they be cursed before the LORD, for they have driven me out this day from sharing in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, ‘Go, serve other gods.’ So now, do not let my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD. The LORD shall strike him, or his day shall come to die, or he shall go out to battle and perish: David knew that it wasn’t “hard” for God to kill Saul. In this, David trusted that God would protect him when he did eventually come to reign over Israel. So David arose means that David himself went. 1 Samuel 26. The fact that David did this shows his boldness and courage; the outcome of it all shows God was leading him in it. And David said to Abishai, “Do not destroy him; for who can stretch out his hand against the LORD’s anointed, and be guiltless?” David said furthermore, “, the LORD lives, the LORD shall strike him, or his day shall come to die, or he shall go out to battle and perish. 20. as when one doth hunt a partridge--People in the East, in hunting the partridge and other game birds, pursue them, till observing them becoming languid and fatigued after they have been put up two or three times, they rush upon the birds stealthily and knock them down with bludgeons [SHAW, Travels]. The circumference is lined by the baggage and the men, while the chief's station is in the center, whether he occupy a tent or not. When it came to striking down an anointed king of Israel, God did not need the services of a godly, righteous man like David. 2. wherefore then hast thou not kept thy lord the king?--The circumstance of David having penetrated to the center of the encampment, through the circular rows of the sleeping soldiers, constituted the point of this sarcastic taunt. While David does many things right in dealing with Saul in chapter 24, he fails to consistently apply the same principles in his dealings with Nabal in chapter 25. 1 Samuel 26:1-4.SAUL COMES TO THE HILL OF HACHILAH AGAINST DAVID. – both from the “feel” of the verse and Saul’s subsequent actions – that Saul isn’t repentant but only ; bitterly realizes that David got the better of him again. Why should David go on such a dangerous mission? DAVID STAYS ABISHAI FROM KILLING SAUL, BUT TAKES HIS SPEAR AND CRUSE. Since David was so right and Saul was so wrong, it was easy for David to project a superior attitude towards Saul, but he didn’t. This thing that you have done is not good. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. . 1. . If the LORD has stirred you up against me… if it is the children of men. c. David took the spear and the jug of water by Saul’s head: David would not kill Saul, but he did take the spear and the jug of water as evidence that he had the opportunity to kill Saul. Bible Track is an online Bible commentary and study site plus a Bible reading plan. David saw the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army, : As the entire army slept Saul slept near, ), secretly crept down to where Saul and Abner slept. And Abner and the people lay all around him. For one of the people came in to destroy your lord the king. And David said to Abishai, “Do not destroy him; for who can stretch out his hand against the LORD’s anointed, and be guiltless?” David said furthermore, “As the LORD lives, the LORD shall strike him, or his day shall come to die, or he shall go out to battle and perish. Cancel any time. Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 26. Saul was under the judicial infatuation of heaven. : This means Saul went back on his previous repentance shown in 1 Samuel 24:16-21. In this, David trusted that God would protect him when he did eventually come to reign over Israel. (22-25) David explains to Saul why he did not kill him. The LORD forbid that I should stretch out my hand against the LORD’s anointed. Then David . The LORD was more than able to kill Saul at any time. Then David answered, and said to Ahimelech the Hittite and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother of Joab, saying, “Who will go down with me to Saul in the camp?” And Abishai said, “I will go down with you.” So David and Abishai came to the people by night; and there Saul lay sleeping within the camp, with his spear stuck in the ground by his head. he was faced with the temptation he spoke of in 1 Samuel 26:19 – tempted to flee Israel all together and live among the ungodly. b. Then Abishai said to David, “God has delivered your enemy into your hand this day”. Saul had his chance and he blew it.”. Let one of the young men come over and get it. And David called out to the people and to Abner the son of Ner, saying, “Do you not answer, Abner?” Then Abner answered and said, “Who, you, calling out to the king?” So David said to Abner, “, like you in Israel? And David answered and said, “Here is the king’s spear. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. This time David actively sought Saul out. What have I done, or what evil is in my hand: David first asked Saul to consider the facts and to clearly think about what David did. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. 1 SAMUEL 26 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE Introduction by Peter Pett Saul Determines To Seek Out David Once More, And Once More Survives Because Of David’s Mercy (1 Samuel 26:1-25). . i ” . the throne and the blessing of God. cared more for Saul’s life than Abner did. i. The whole troop was sunk in sleep around him. 1-samuel 26:23 The LORD render to every man his righteousness and his faithfulness; for the LORD delivered thee into my hand to day, but I would not stretch forth mine hand against the LORD's anointed. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 2:18-20, 26 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Chapter 1 of First Samuel told of Hannah's infertility, which caused her great pain. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. : As a wise and capable commander David constantly monitored the movements of Saul. sent out spies . “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. Login or Create an Account. of Israel demands a king (1-9) Samuel warns the people (10-18) Jehovah grants the request for a king (19-22) 9. His words in 1 Samuel 26:25 express this also: You shall both do great things and also still prevail, : “In these words we have a perfect autobiography. Now David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of a hill afar off, a great distance being between them. This time there is something cold and mechanical about Saul’s words. 2 So Saul went down to the Desert of Ziph, with his three thousand select Israelite troops, to search there for David. But as David went on his way he was faced with the temptation he spoke of in 1 Samuel 26:19 – tempted to flee Israel all together and live among the ungodly. a. He drove him from time to time from his hiding-place, hoping to render him weary of his life, or obtain an opportunity of accomplishing his destruction. It results from the peculiar features of the country in many of the mountain districts. Then David answered, and said to Ahimelech the Hittite and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother of Joab, saying, “Who will go down with me to Saul in the camp?” And Abishai said, “I will go down with you.” So David and Abishai came to the people by night; and there Saul lay sleeping within the camp, with his spear stuck in the ground by his head. David said to Abner, Art not thou a valiant man: . Abishai also weaves into the matter an element of poetic justice: the spear used to kill Saul would be the king’s own spear, stuck in the ground by his head. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Now therefore, do not let my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD, : David concluded his appeal to Saul with a simple request. i. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. The spear that was thrown at David in attempted murder before (1 Samuel 18:10-11 and 19:9-10), would now be used as the instrument of the LORD's righteous judgment! This time he found himself in the wilderness of Ziph with Saul in pursuit. For what have I done, or what evil, in my hand? From “Playing Both Ends Against the Middle” to “Caught Between a Rock and a Hard Place” (1 Samuel 29:1-30:6) Now David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of a hill afar off, a great distance, between them. David knew where Saul was but Saul did not know where David was. “Since now there is nothing more to be said, David and Saul part, never to see each other again.” (Youngblood), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. David could say to himself and everyone else, “I did not kill Saul.”. 11 Making a vow, she pleaded, “Lord of Hosts, if You will No reconciliation among men is firm, which is not founded in an cemented by peace with God through Jesus Christ. That translation is accurate from the Hebrew but gives the wrong idea. (9-12) David’s response to the opportunity to kill Saul. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . The pressure of all this tempted David to consider leaving Israel altogether and to go among those who worshipped other gods. “The book of Samuel is one of the great literary works in human history,” writes Paul Evans in 1-2 Samuel (Story of God Bible Commentary). So Saul arose with 3,000 chosen men of Israel and went down to the wilderness of Ziph to search for David once again with the intention of killing him. Let one of the young men come over and get it. Now, Saul went back on a previous promise to leave David alone. In them the complete life-story of this man is told.”. 1 Samuel 27 Chapter 26 David’s troubles from Saul here begin again; and the clouds return after the rain, when one would have hoped the storm had blown over, and the sky had cleared upon that side; but after Saul had owned his fault in persecuting David, and acknowledged David’s title to the crown, yet here he revives the persecution, so perfectly lost was he to all sense of honour and virtue.
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