Renner, S. S., A. Sousa, and G. Chomicki. In other parts of the world, watermelon is eaten in different ways. It is not a form of the sweet watermelon C. vulgaris and not closely related to that species. Matsum. [6], The species has two varieties, watermelons (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) In conditions of high humidity, the plants are prone to plant diseases such as powdery mildew and mosaic virus. The state even declared the watermelon its official vegetable in 2007 . Illustration showing the parts of a tomato plant. from South African arid regions, while the sweet watermelon is closer to Citrullus mucosospermus (Fursa) Fursa from West Africa and populations from Sudan. [15] Watermelon seeds were also found in the Dead Sea region at the ancient settlements of Bab edh-Dhra and Tel Arad. [31], In 2017, global production of watermelons was 118 million tonnes, with China alone accounting for 67% of the total. On a garden scale, seeds are usually sown in pots under cover and transplanted into well-drained sandy loam with a pH between 5.5 and 7, and medium levels of nitrogen. Edible part in Watermelon radish is entire plant: root, leaves, sprout, pods and seeds. Inside the hills, you should plant 8 to 10 watermelon seeds. Morphology of oak tree with acorns, green leaves and root system on white background, Parts of flower with titles. Its adaptability meant it could be grown over a wide geographical area. Grafting such varieties onto disease-resistant rootstocks offers protection. Major pests of the watermelon include aphids, fruit flies, and root-knot nematodes. Gentes Herbarum 2: 175–186. Some smaller, spherical varieties of watermelon—both red- and yellow-fleshed—are sometimes called "icebox melons". Fact Sheets & Plant Guides Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants Threatened & Endangered Wetland Indicator Status 50,000+ Plant Images Complete PLANTS Checklist State PLANTS Checklist Advanced Search Download The 'Cream of Saskatchewan' has small, round fruits about 25 cm (10 in) in diameter. Watermelon radish is cultivar of Daikon also known as Chinese radish the outer color of the radish is white or green the inner part is red-pink, the radish remind watermelon colors but much smaller. Morphology of pepper plant with green leaves, red fruits, flowers and root system, Leaning Parts of plant and flower for kids. [15], Evidence of the cultivation of both C. lanatus and C. colocynthis in the Nile Valley has been found from the second millennium BC onward, and seeds of both species have been found at Twelfth Dynasty sites and in the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. An illustration showing parts of a chili pepper plant. Illustration of structure, flora, infographic - 126171918 [48], The seeds have a nutty flavor and can be dried and roasted, or ground into flour. Second page has 6 plant part cards. Find watermelon plant stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. The sweet, juicy flesh is usually deep red to pink, with many black seeds, although seedless varieties exist. [4] Another objective of plant breeders has been the elimination of the seeds which occur scattered throughout the flesh. Watermelons are plants grown in climates from tropical to temperate, needing temperatures higher than about 25 °C (77 °F) to thrive. In 2017, China produced about two-thirds of the world total of watermelons. Watermelon is a scrambling and trailing vine in the flowering plant family Cucurbitaceae. [8] A proposal to conserve the name, Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Morphology of watermelon plant with fruits, flowers, green leaves and root system isolated on white background. The plants produce male and female flowers separately on the same plant, and the female flowers have inferior ovaries. Parts of plant. Subject These test guidelines apply to all varieties, hybrids and parental lines of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.)Mansf.). Carrots: Entire plant is edible including root (the carrot itself) and leaves. In parts of north Africa, these hydrating fruits still grow wild on drought-tolerant, vining plants. [10] (The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants does not allow names like "Citrullus citrullus". Lastly, a watermelon plant’s rapid growth and spread tends to hold back weeds by blocking the sunlight, thereby preventing weeds from getting the nutrition that they need to sprout. The bulk of the varieties-with andromonoecious, but there are those whose flowers on the plant are strictly same-sex. I. [29] The sentiment evolved into a racist stereotype where black people shared a supposed voracious appetite for watermelon, a fruit long correlated with laziness and uncleanliness. Considerable breeding effort has developed disease-resistant varieties. [4], European colonists and slaves from Africa introduced the watermelon to the New World. Since the supply of viable pollen is reduced and pollination is much more critical in producing the seedless variety, the recommended number of hives per acre (pollinator density) increases to three hives per acre (1,300 m2 per hive). It spread northwards through southern Europe, perhaps limited in its advance by summer temperatures being insufficient for good yields. [42], Others were also working on disease-resistant cultivars; J. M. Crall at the University of Florida produced 'Jubilee' in 1963 and C. V. Hall of Kansas State University produced 'Crimson Sweet' the following year. Around the same time, Native Americans were cultivating the crop in the Mississippi valley and Florida. Facts Watermelon originates in southern Africa and was domesticated at least four thousand years ago, having been cultivated in ancient Egypt. An illustration showing parts of a plant of red pepper. In most instances, it’s grown indoors using a container that’s big enough to accommodate the plant when it vigorously sprouts. [4] In the Civil War era United States, watermelons were commonly grown by free black people and became one symbol for the abolition of slavery. It has a light green rind with jagged dark green stripes. Morphology of cherry tree with root system, flowers, fruits and titles, Vector diagram showing parts of carrot whole plant, Coloring page. Watermelon is a scrambling and trailing vine in the flowering plant family Cucurbitaceae. Fruit anatomy is the plant anatomy of the internal structure of fruit. C. colocynthis (L.) Schrad. [4], The US Department of Agriculture recommends using at least one beehive per acre (4,000 m2 per hive) for pollination of conventional, seeded varieties for commercial plantings. [2], The watermelon is a large annual plant with long, weak, trailing or climbing stems which are five-angled (five-sided) and up to 3 m (10 ft) long. lanatus var. The rind of the fruit is mid- to dark green and usually mottled or striped, and the flesh, containing numerous pips spread throughout the inside, can be red or pink (most commonly), orange, yellow, green or white. The scion and rootstock seedlings may not germinate or grow at the same rates, so it is impor-tant to conduct a preliminary test to determine their The rind is black with no stripes or spots. 2 pages MEMBERS Watermelon shape matching cards. Three discussions in Cucurbitaceae. C. lanatus subsp. [4][5], A bitter watermelon has become naturalized in semiarid regions of several continents, and is designated as a "pest plant" in parts of Western Australia where they are called "pig melon". C. caffer Schrad. This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 18:15. The fruit is Only vitamin C is present in appreciable content at 10% of the Daily Value (table). Parts of plant. II. The styles are united into a single column. Morphology and structure of potato tuber, Parts of plant. The male flowers predominate at the beginning of the season; the female flowers, which develop later, have inferior ovaries. [55][56], Flower stems of male and female watermelon blossoms, showing ovary on the female, Watermelon and other fruit in Boris Kustodiev's Merchant's Wife, Watermelon out for sale in Maa Kochilei Market, Rasulgarh, Odisha, India, Large fruit with a smooth hard rind, of the gourd family. English version", "Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database", "Vegetable Research & Extension Center – Icebox Watermelons", "Black Japanese watermelon sold at record price", "Florida produces more watermelon than any other state", "Watermelon production in 2017, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Production of mixed fruit (pawpaw, banana and watermelon) wine using Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolated from palm wine", "Oklahoma Declares Watermelon Its State Vegetable", "Determination of citrulline in watermelon rind", "CBC News – Health – Watermelon the real passion fruit? [19], Seedless watermelons were initially developed in 1939 by Japanese scientists who were able to create seedless triploid hybrids which remained rare initially because they did not have sufficient disease resistance. Filmed with a Canon Digital Rebel XT and a Canon 50mm f/1.8 lens. The fruit had begun appearing in European herbals by 1600, and was widely planted in Europe in the 17th century as a minor garden crop. Spanish settlers were growing it in Florida in 1576, and it was being grown in Massachusetts by 1629, and by 1650 was being cultivated in Peru, Brazil and Panama, as well as in many British and Dutch colonies. The 'Orangeglo' has a very sweet orange flesh, and is a large, oblong fruit weighing 9–14 kg (20–31 lb). [44] The largest recorded fruit was grown in Tennessee in 2013 and weighed 159 kilograms (351 pounds). Its oblong shape and hard rind made it easy to stack and ship. Parts of raspberry plant isolated on white background. Watermelon is grown in favorable climates from tropical to temperate regions worldwide for its large edible fruit , which is a berry with a hard rind and no internal divisions, and is botanically called a pepo . It is grown only on the island of Hokkaido, Japan, where up to 10,000 watermelons are produced every year. The flowers are unisexual, with male and female flowers occurring on the same plant (monoecious). It is planted from seeds or seedlings, harvested, and then If you are thinking about growing watermelons (Citrullus lanatus) when conditions warm in spring, it’s important you meet their requirements for proper growth, so the vines ultimately produce the flowers that lead to sweet, … The average selling price is generally around 25,000 yen ($250). 1. Matsum. Stock Vector Icon Pack of 4 Line Signs and Symbols for Set of cucurbitaceae plants growth animation. [20] Seedless watermelons became more popular in the 21st century, rising to nearly 85% of total watermelon sales in the United States in 2014.[21]. The 'Densuke' watermelon has round fruit up to 11 kg (24 lb). The 'Carolina Cross' produced the current world record for heaviest watermelon, weighing 159 kg (351 lb). Morphology of orange tree with fruits, flowers, green leaves and root system on white background, Parts of plant. [12] It was reassigned to the genus Citrullus in 1916 by Japanese botanists Jinzō Matsumura and Takenoshin Nakai. Plant each seed one inch deep in the hill. Also, consider growing your standard vining watermelon vertical, train your large vines up [24][25], Farmers of the Zentsuji region of Japan found a way to grow cubic watermelons by growing the fruits in metal and glass boxes and making them assume the shape of the receptacle. But if you ask anyone in Oklahoma, they’ll tell you it’s a vegetable . [23], Charles Fredrick Andrus, a horticulturist at the USDA Vegetable Breeding Laboratory in Charleston, South Carolina, set out to produce a disease-resistant and wilt-resistant watermelon. How to Grow Watermelons Watering Watering is very important—from planting until fruit begins to form. Give each plant at least 5 feet of space, as their vines spread rapidly. Morphology of pear tree with fruits, flowers, green leaves and root system on white background. The watermelon is an annual that has a prostrate or climbing habit. This fruit has been cultivated for over 4,000 years. Draw a plant. This video shows you what the plant looks like so you could identify it yourself. Watermelon pulp contains carotenoids, including lycopene. Watermelons have a longer growing period than other melons, and can often take 85 days or more from the time of transplanting for the fruit to mature. The sweetest part of a watermelon (when it's not cut or sliced) is the middle of the fruit. Stems are up to 3 metres (10 feet) long and new growth has yellow or brown hairs. [53], In a 100-gram (3 1⁄2-ounce) serving, watermelon fruit supplies 125 kilojoules (30 kilocalories) of food energy and low amounts of essential nutrients (see table). A vegetable is anything eaten from other parts of a plant, like spinach leaves or carrots (which are roots). [4], Today, farmers in approximately 44 states in the United States grow watermelon commercially. [2], This is Linnaeus's sweet watermelon; it has been grown for human consumption for thousands of years. Hook.f. [49] In Vietnamese culture, watermelon seeds are consumed during the Vietnamese New Year's holiday, Tết, as a snack. I don't have much information on this, but nobody seems to be making casseroles with watermelon vines, so I think it's safe to say that you should stick to … [46][47] Watermelon juice can be blended with other fruit juices or made into wine. [5] In China, the seeds are eaten at Chinese New Year celebrations. Morphology and anatomy of potato tuber. Parts of plant. These are no longer grown to any great extent, but their lineage has been further developed into hybrid varieties with higher yields, better flesh quality and attractive appearance. Watermelon berries are a seasonal, wild edible berry here in Alaska. [22] Some varieties often grown in Japan and other parts of the Far East are susceptible to fusarium wilt. While melon plants are growing, blooming, and setting fruit, they need 1 … Fruits are the mature ovary or ovaries of one or more flowers.In fleshy fruits, the outer layer (typically edible) is the pericarp, which is the tissue that develops from the ovary wall of the flower and surrounds the seed to protect it in environments apart from the parent plant. All parts of the watermelon fruit are used by people, including the fleshy interior, the seeds, and the rind. Morphology of tree with green crown, root system, and titles, Parts of plant. ), originated with the erroneous synonymization of Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Illustration about Parts of plant. & Nakai and Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. Seedless hybrids have sterile pollen. The Moors introduced the fruit into the Iberian Peninsula and there is evidence of it being cultivated in Córdoba in 961 and also in Seville in 1158. [18] After the Civil War, black people were maligned for their association with watermelon. & Zeyh., citroides)[28]. The citron melon or makataan – a variety with sweet yellow flesh that is cultivated around the world for fodder, and the production of citron peel and pectin.[2]. DNA data reveal that C. lanatus var. [27], A number of cultivar groups have been identified:[28], (syn. [16] Watermelons were cultivated for their high water content and were stored to be eaten during dry seasons. Parts of plant. The plant has branching tendrils. Parts of carambola plant on a white background. The Watermelon Peperomia grows rapidly in areas with USDA hardiness zones 10 through 12. Many cultivars are available that produce mature fruit within 100 days of planting. [3] Wild plants have fruits up to 20 cm (8 in) in diameter, while cultivated varieties may exceed 60 cm (24 in). The result, in 1954, was "that gray melon from Charleston". [13], The watermelon is a flowering plant that originated in Africa, though there is conflicting research about whether its source is West Africa[14] or Northeast Africa. Bailey in 1930. They keeps us hydrated, our skin fresh, and can clean the kidneys of … Be sure to place each hill four Watermelons were rapidly accepted in Hawaii and other Pacific islands when they were introduced there by explorers such as Captain James Cook. citroides; C. lanatus var. It is a highly cultivated fruit worldwide, having more than 1,000 varieties. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Watermelon&oldid=991369640, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Copyright © 2000-2020 Dreamstime. This requires planting pollinizer rows of varieties with viable pollen. [7] Molecular data including sequences from the original collection of Thunberg and other relevant type material, show that the sweet watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.) By Barbara Barker Updated November 28, 2018 Watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) is a vining, annual plant with branching tendrils. Leaves are 60 to 200 millimetres (2 1⁄4 to 7 3⁄4 inches) long and 40 to 150 mm (1 1⁄2 to 6 in) wide. In June 2008, one of the first harvested watermelons was sold at an auction for 650,000 yen (US$6,300), making it the most expensive watermelon ever sold. [17], In the 7th century, watermelons were being cultivated in India, and by the 10th century had reached China, which is today the world's single largest watermelon producer. [9], The sweet watermelon was formally described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 and given the name Cucurbita citrullus. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.)Mansf.) [5], Watermelon fruit is 91% water, contains 6% sugars, and is low in fat (table). The white to yellow flowers grow singly in the leaf axils and the corolla is white or yellow inside and greenish-yellow on the outside. citroides; C. vulgaris var. There is evidence from seeds in Pharaoh tombs of watermelon cultivation in Ancient Egypt. Matsum. Watermelons suffering from hollow heart are safe to consume. It is commonly consumed as a juice or as an ingredient in mixed beverages. It was originally brought to. An illustration showing parts of a pitahaya plant. It was reassigned to the genus Citrullus in 1836, under the replacement name Citrullus vulgaris, by the German botanist Heinrich Adolf Schrader. [26] The cubic shape was originally designed to make the melons easier to stack and store, but these "square watermelons" may be triple the price of normal ones, so appeal mainly to wealthy urban consumers. [45], Watermelon is a sweet, commonly consumed fruit of summer, usually as fresh slices, diced in mixed fruit salads, or as juice.
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