"For you brought your servant into a sacred covenant with you" (1 Samuel 20:8). But if I say thus to the young man, ‘Look, the arrows, beyond you’—go your way, for the LORD has sent you away. 1 Samuel 20:24-25 On the new moon's day Saul sat at table, and as always, at his seat by the wall, i.e., at the top, just as, in eastern lands at the present day, the place of honour is the seat in the corner (see Harmar Beobachtungen ii. You shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever. Indeed, my father will do nothing either great or small without first telling me. d. Who will tell me: David now poses a practical problem. "Whatever you say, I will do for you" (1 Samuel 20:4). i. As soon as the lad had gone, David arose from. Then David hid in the field. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. 1 Samuel Chapter 20 Summary. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. “But there is something still nobler – when one dares in any company to avow his loyalty to the Lord Jesus. He was even expected to sit at the king's table in the approaching feast of the new moon. a. All other rights reserved. SAUL, MISSING DAVID, SEEKS TO KILL JONAHAN. And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed the LORD. It is not so" (1 Samuel 20:2). He. And Jonathan rose from the table in fierce anger and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had disgraced him.". Hannah's song penetrates the surface, pointing to the pillars of injustice that must be pulled down. "Remain beside yonder stone heap" (1 Samuel 20:19). i. Meyer on the son of Jesse: “Speaking of him derisively as ‘the son of Jesse,’ thus accentuating his lowly birth, and ignoring the relationship that bound him to the royal family.”. : David asked Jonathan to observe Saul’s reaction to David’s absence at an important feast held monthly for the high officials of state. : Jonathan covered for David, trying to give Saul a plausible (and truthful) explanation for David’s absence. Jonathan had a noble commitment to David as a friend. David wondered if Saul would take the opportunity to reconcile or take the opportunity to kill him. David's word here meant that if Jonathan knew of any sin, guilt, or fault whatever on David's part that could possibly justify his execution, then David requests that Jonathan himself slay David rather than turning him over to the king. Not himself, not Saul, not Jonathan, not anyone except God. : Jonathan was aware of the political dynamic between the family of David and the family of Jonathan. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the LORD, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. David fleeing from Naioth came to Jonathan, and acquainted him with his circumstances, and entreated his favour, 1 Samuel 20:1; which Jonathan promised, and renewed the covenant with him, 1 Samuel 20:9; a scheme was formed between them, by which David might know whether Saul was reconciled to him, and he might come to court, 1 Samuel 20… Critics affirm here that, "Jonathan's proposition that they should go out into the field where they would be free from observation contradicts the intent of the main narrative, namely, that it would be dangerous for them to be seen together going into the field. "[5] This is totally in error. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Why should he be killed? In these words it is clear that Jonathan recognized the grave danger to himself when God would take vengeance upon all of David's enemies. What have I done: Here David checked his relationship with Jonathan. Saul meant by this that Jonathan's mother, "Would become the wife of the new king. David was now a fugitive on the run from an angry, jealous king determined to destroy him. May the Lord be with you, as he has been with my father. 1. If your father misses me at all, then say, `David earnestly asked leave of me to run to Bethlehem his city; for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.' He remembered that Jonathan’s support for him was challenged by the fact that, was against David. place toward the south, fell on his face to the ground, and bowed down three times. And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. "[6] This explains why Jonathan was slow to believe that David was in any danger. It is not so: Apparently, David wondered why Jonathan didn’t tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. This shows how deep Saul’s hatred of David was – he would kill his own son for siding with David. And Jonathan made David swear again by his love for him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul.". i. "What have I done? A judge was more than a person who presided over a courtroom. Vv. When I have sounded out my father: Jonathan will find out his father’s heart and will report it to David, to say if it is good or bad towards David. God chose David instead, and the Prophet Samuel anointed David as the future king over Israel. !” Then David took an oath again, and said, “Your father certainly knows that I have found favor in your eyes, and he has said, ‘Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved.’ But truly, but a step between me and death.” So Jonathan said to David, “Whatever you yourself desire, I will do. David was the son-in-law of King Saul, having recently married his daughter Michal. 2. : Special sacrifices were commanded for the new moon (Numbers 28:11-15). "While Saul lay bound by his trance at Nairoth, David, escaped to the court and got to speak with Jonathan."[4]. In these words, Saul recognized the prevalent Oriental custom of those times that gave all of a deposed king's wives and concubines to his successor. David is asking Jonathan, “Am I in the wrong here? Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD, : Jonathan knew he might never see David again. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Why aren’t you just trusting God?” Instead Jonathan knew David’s heart was pointed in the right direction, and he offered. So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had treated him shamefully. Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-18 (Read 1 Samuel 1:9-18) Hannah mingled tears with her prayers; she considered the mercy of our God, who knows the troubled soul. By giving David early warning of this Jonathan will help David go in safety. But now all that was gone because David couldn’t stay and Jonathan couldn’t go, so they, : If Jonathan had reason to weep, David had. ” David wanted to know if Jonathan has come to a place of agreement with his father Saul. In those days when one royal house replaced another it was common for the new royal house to kill all the potential rulers from the old royal house. And so it was, in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad, with him. But if I say thus to the young man, ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you’—go your way, for the LORD has sent you away. (14-17) In response, Jonathan asks David to commit himself in a covenant. The pain of being apart was bad enough, but it was worse for David because he was cut off from everything and destined to live the life of a fugitive for many years. He knew that Saul attempted to kill him many times, and it seemed Saul would not quit until David was gone. Why should my father hide this thing from me? https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-samuel-20.html. also. "[10], "So David hid himself in the field; and when the new moon came, the king sat down to eat food. You shall not die! (1 Samuel 20:1). a. b. Jonathan answered Saul, “David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem”: Jonathan covered for David, trying to give Saul a plausible (and truthful) explanation for David’s absence. c. So Jonathan said to him, “By no means”: This assured David that Jonathan was still his loyal friend, and that Jonathan hadn’t bought into Saul’s lies about David. "In the morning Jonathan went out into the field to the appointment with David, and with him a little lad. 1 Samuel 1:1 See Septuagint and 1 Chron. You can also change some of your preferences. Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, “Go, carry them to the city.”. 1 Samuel 20:24-40. But the lad knew nothing; only Jonathan and David knew the matter. He could no longer go home. : With this encouragement Jonathan told David to no longer doubt his loyalty. If Saul’s heart was different towards David, he might have been disappointed but not furious. And so they both went out into the field." One night of carelessness may change a girl’s life forever. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. But David more so: If Jonathan had reason to weep, David had more so. v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. What has he done?” Then Saul cast a spear at him to kill him, by which Jonathan knew that it was determined by his father to kill David. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? This was a pretty bleak road for David to walk, but it was, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . He knew that Saul attempted to kill him many times, and it seemed Saul would not quit until David was gone. Jonathan would take target practice and where he shot the arrows would tell David the answer. And on the third day you will be greatly missed; then go to the place where you hid yourself when the matter was in hand, and remain beside yonder stone heap. So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David. 1 Samuel 20 – Jonathan’s Final Attempt to Reconcile His Father and David A. David, coming from Naioth, meets Jonathan. And I will shoot three arrows to the side of it, as though I shot at a mark. Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem; he said, `Let me go; for our family holds a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. At first this did not trouble Saul greatly, because, he thought, “Something has happened to him; he is unclean, surely he is unclean.”, Ceremonial uncleanliness might cause a person to miss a feast such as this but the ceremonial uncleanliness only lasted a day (Leviticus 22:3-7). i. Jonathan was a lot like David. What is my sin?" Apparently, Saul used the occasion for a meeting of important members of his government. ii. It is, however, much more. 1 Samuel 21 Chapter 20 David, having several times narrowly escaped Saul’s fury, begins to consider at last whether it may not be necessary for him to retire into the country and to … Samuel, Saul and David. F. C. Cook wrote that, "This hiding place was either a natural cavernous rock, or some ruin of an ancient building, especially suited for a hiding place. 25. the king sat upon his seat, as at other times... by the wall --The left-hand corner at the upper end of a room was and still is in the East, the most honorable place. Eli the priest led him. Jonathan senses that David is in a vulnerable place and he wants to give him encouragement in the midst of it. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Was David in God’s will? , 1 Samuel 19:6). : After Jonathan learned his father’s heart and intention towards David, he would communicate to David through a signal. "Who will tell me if your father answers you roughly?" So when it happened the next day… that David’s place was empty, Saul demanded an explanation. If your father misses me at all, then say, ‘David earnestly asked permission of me that he might run over to Bethlehem, his city, for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.’ If he says thus: ‘It is well,’ your servant will be safe. He wanted to know what Saul thought but it was more important for David to know what Jonathan thought. i. : David and Jonathan loved each other and had a strong bond of friendship. A lot was riding on the message brought through a few arrows. iv. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. He was in this purpose the avowed enemy, not only of David, but of God Himself. : A small thing – the signal of a single arrow – told David his whole life was changed. the New Moon; and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty. What is my guilt? . And Jonathan said, "Far be it from you. b. Behold, my father does nothing either great or small without disclosing it to me; and why should my father hide this from me? But David’s place was empty: David was expected to be at this special feast of the New Moon, and so he his absence was clearly noticed. But the Spirit of God came even upon him, and he walked along prophesying until he came … Saul told … : David now poses a practical problem. Saul’s anger was aroused… “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman”. In those days, it … your father answers you roughly?” And Jonathan said to David, “Come, and let us go out into the field.” So both of them went out into the field. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. David felt that his death was inevitable and that he walked on a slippery plank over a great canyon. We cannot suppose that this final farewell of these two noble men took place in the open field. But on the second day, the morrow after the new moon, David's place was empty, and Saul said to Jonathan his son. These are days when to stand up for anything more than mere conventional religion must cost something; and for this reason let us never flinch.” (Meyer). e. Why should he be killed? This refers to the third day of the feast. (35-40) Jonathan reports to David through the signal of the arrows. The Jews, and many other ancient peoples, celebrated a feast of the new moon. The birth of Samuel takes place during the time of anarchy reflected How can anyone set out on such a bleak road and be in the will of God? Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 20:11-23 Jonathan faithfully promises that he would let David know how he found his father affected towards him. But now all that was gone because David couldn’t stay and Jonathan couldn’t go, so they wept together. And they kissed one another; and they wept together, but David more so. e. Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you: Jonathan continued to reassure David, bringing encouragement and an offer of help to a discouraged man. Jonathan’s second bold deed of arms ( 1 Samuel 14:1-15) is, in contrast with Saul’s failure to stand the trial of faith, an example of victorious heroic faith, which consists in unconditional but humble reliance on the almighty help of the Lord (“perhaps the Lord will, etc.,” 1 Samuel … a. b. Jonathan agreed to care for David in the face of Saul’s threat and David agreed to care for Jonathan and his family in the future. In those days when one royal house replaced another it was common for the new royal house to kill all the potential rulers from the old royal house. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). And when the New Moon had come, the king sat down to eat the feast. i. What, my sin before your father, that he seeks my life?” So Jonathan said to him, “By no means! The *Lord calls Samuel. SAUL VIOLENTLY ANGRY WITH DAVID AND JONATHAN, "Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman, do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother's nakedness? And send you away, that you may go in safety, : Jonathan knows that if his father Saul intends evil against David it means that David must go, . Keith Simons. (19-20) Samuel’s miraculous conception and his birth. Like David, he is now in obscurity and disrepute; his name is not popular; his gospel is misrepresented; his followers are subjected to rebuke and scorn. His support of David wasn’t a, before the LORD.