The dilute gene must be present in both the sire and dam’s pedigree in order to produce a dilute offspring. 0000001176 00000 n Kittens are born blind. Pigment production is reduced in warmer areas of the body, leading to darker pigmentation in the cat's cooler extremities (paws, ears, etc.) 0000001925 00000 n cannot skip generations. A cat displaying a dominant color (black, red, tortie, etc.) 0000002271 00000 n The color/patterns found in the pedigree of a kitten will NOT always directly affect the color/pattern of the kitten. In general, Maine Coon genetics lead to large, sturdy cats with tufted ears and broad chests. Breeds, "Purebred," and Pedigree. Two colorpointed parents cannot produce a non-colorpointed offspring. A white cat breeds as both a white (which you see) and a masked color (which you don’t see) and can produce based on both white and the unseen color/pattern. Pointed cats have a special “Siamese” gene that limits the color to certain areas. Note that Manx and Munchkin are treated as homozygous lethal and polydactyly is treated as having complete penetrance. For further information on feline genetics, we recommend the following: The information contained on this page is also available in a PDF format of our printed pamphlet. See the statement on dilutes for more information (see #21 & #24). This color should be noted as it is the color that the white is masking and the color that the cat will breed as when an adult. The same white spotting gene can also contribute to the unique patched coat of calico cats. 0000001500 00000 n This is my original calculator. This is usually the reason behind why we see cats covered in grey, lilac and cream colours. endstream endobj 89 0 obj <> endobj 90 0 obj <> endobj 91 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 92 0 obj <> endobj 93 0 obj <> endobj 94 0 obj [/ICCBased 103 0 R] endobj 95 0 obj [/Indexed 94 0 R 255 104 0 R] endobj 96 0 obj <> endobj 97 0 obj <> endobj 98 0 obj <>stream The genetics of cat coat coloration, pattern, length, and texture is a complex subject, and many different genes are involved. Find a Show     Find a Breeder     Find a Vendor    Sign in to eCat      Shop, Find a Show     Find a Breeder     Find a Vendor Sign in to eCat      Shop, Find a Show      Find a BreederFind a VendorSign in to eCat      Shop. Siamese cats carry the Himalayan gene, which is a mutation at the C locus (a fixed position on a chromosome where a particular gene is located), causing partial albinism on warmer parts of the body. The Absolute Basic Idea of Color Genetics . This Calculator also will help to educate new breeders how to work with DNA. Smoked cats are produced by color inhibiting genes and is when a seemingly solid colored cat actually has banded hairs. Whether or not a red can produce as a tabby will depend on whether it is a true tabby with a tabby or shaded parent or whether it is a red with ghost tabby markings and neither a tabby nor a shaded parent. There are currently over 70 breeds of cats recognized by one cat … 0000007554 00000 n These are the genes that modify the colours d… The genetics of every cat breed leads to their own distinctive physical characteristics, and Maine Coon genetics are no different. A mackerel or spotted tabby must have a mackerel, spotted, or ticked tabby parent (see #21). Both of the cats above have the same major allele – O – which is responsible for their red coats. The following statements are generally true – but there are exceptions. A (non-silver) tabby must have at least one parent that is either a shaded or a tabby. B: Colorpoint Restriction: C > c b = c s > c 0000001095 00000 n E: Brown: B > b > b l: Brown variants have reduced eumelanin and appear brownish in color. These cats have the genes for both black and red color as well as the white spotting gene. %%EOF Genetics impact everything from a cat’s temperament to their size, colors, and other physical characteristics. Genome: The entire genetic information of one cell. The beefed up version of the calculator, with more genes and percentage chances! This means that the cat’s hairs are dark (usually black) at the tips but have much lighter colored bands near the bottom. hތ�Kr�@��s�^J�h��^K����1�ˋ���-9#���[�ii ��"E��u���C��ê!#MZ��P����dĒ�$�L���y��F�NA�����{�9������!�r2���c� TE!h��S|���h,� �.����H[h���Q�� B�C)�)c,�쌨��v>��,�p>�ͧ��L���T)nr��E:.fL'�e������dC �����b׆G!�������,����8���C�#'�����YB���+*�Vۂ. Not only are there many interacting genes, but genes sometimes do not express themselves fully, or conflict with one another. Pigmentation. You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. The mating of a colorpointed cat and a cat with no colorpointed background will produce NO colorpointed offspring. Furthermore, these genes are located on the arm of the X chromosome only, and are not present on theY chromosome. Breeding Punnet squares and a big Labrador case study. There are a number of genes that contribute to the colour and the pattern of colour seen in the cat; these genes can be grouped into four levels of function: 1. There are currently four known alleles of the C locus in cats C, c s, c b, and c, with c being the most recessive and C being dominant. A short video explaining some of the genetics of cat coat colour. 0000007368 00000 n Cats have 38 chromosomes in each cell, while we have 46. The color of the female kittens in a litter will always be either a combination of the sire’s and dam’s colors, or the dilute form of those colors (see #21 & #24). This information is not meant to be a complete manual on cat genetics. Cats come in an array of gorgeous colors and patterns. Two recessive color parents (cream, blue, etc.) A silver tabby must have at least one silver tabby, shaded or smoke parent (see #13). Cat coat genetics can give rise to a wide variety of colors and coat patterns. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. A bi-color must have a bi-color parent (see #21). The most common colors for cat fur are black, white, brown and red / ginger / orange. There are 2 late colour change genes that result in additional self colours: amber (Norwegian Forest Cats) and Russet (Burmese). The cat coat colour, eye, and skin colour is a result of present pigments. As a cat gets older, the blood flow to the body will decrease causing it to cool somewhat. Genes for modification of the basic colours, including Brown (Locus B), Dilution (Locus D), and also Dilute-Modifier and Silver. The chocolate or lilac gene must be present in both the sire and dam’s pedigree in order to produce chocolate or lilac offspring. A ticked tabby must have a ticked tabby parent. 0000004449 00000 n The spot of color may be visible for several months, but often disappears as the kitten matures. Other self white cats are the result of extreme expression of the white spotting gene discussed later. trailer “The Genes of Cats” in The Book of The Cat, Summit Books, New York, l980. Liver The B series. The masked color/pattern must be determined, based on the white’s pedigree and the offspring produced in a controlled breeding, in order to effectively predict the color/pattern of the expected offspring. advanced cat coat calculator. Cat eye color is due to the presence of melanin, which itself is the result of genetics. A dominant characteristic (all dominant colors and patterns such as shaded, smoke, white, tabby, bi-color, etc.) Polygenes are genes that each have a small quantitative effect on major genes and the way the cat looks. In order for a cat to be solid black, both of its parents need to have the black color gene The color gene — called an allele — for black is known as B. Ticking and Tabby Patterns. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. This DNA calculator was created to combine breeders all over the world and make the search for the perfect puppies much easier. Two main pigments responsible for the coat colour and eumelanin, which is seen as a black or intense brown pigmentation, and phaeomelanin, recognised a red-yellow pigmentation. All red cats will have some tabby markings. 0000002317 00000 n A: Amber: E, e: Gradual replacement of eumelanin with phaeomelanin, in Norwegian Forest cats. To get a colorpointed kitten, both parents must be carrying the colorpointed gene (even if they do not appear colorpointed themselves). Where the color appears is the coolest part of the cat, that is the head, paws and tail. Robinson’s Genetics For Cat Breeders & Veterinarians, Fourth Edition, Butterworth Heinemann, Boston, 1999. 5. Software such as Breeders Assistant for Cats can help by taking the legwork out of working out the color … When the cat’s hair is parted, you’re able to see the unique smokey-looking color. Dilution (blue and isabella) The D series. Color Point and Albino Color Point dilutions and Albino are the result of mutations at the "C" locus that codes for the enzyme Tyrosinase. A kitten’s pattern can be inherited from either parent. In genetics, feline cat colours and patterns that appear as the lighter version of primary or dominant colours are called the dilution genes. The Cat Fanciers’ Association, Inc.260 East Main Street, Alliance, OH  44601Phone: (330) 680-4070   /    Fax: (330) 680-4633. White Cats. Male kittens always obtain both color genes from the dam. CONTACT. 0000001306 00000 n Cats with colored 'points' have genetic mutations associated with temperature-sensitive pigment production. See more ideas about Cats, Beautiful cats, Cats and kittens. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. 0000003301 00000 n Two longhair parents cannot produce a shorthair kitten. The colors Chocolate and Cinnamon are recessive colors that exist in the breed. … For example, if your results show that your dog is a Type VI , your dog is a yellow dog with a black nose carrying the hidden genes for black and chocolate. Every cell in the body contains the same genetic information. 2. The genes that control the color black and that control the color red in the cat are located on the X chromosomes (one color on each chromo- some). A: Agouti vs. non-agouti. The inner rings show the hidden color genes carried by the dog. Cat Coat Colour Genetics Jul 19, 2015 - COLOUR AND PATTERN CHARTS for every cat color in existence. 0000003663 00000 n 0000000716 00000 n Interestingly, white kittens may have a small spot of color on top of their heads when born. The male offspring in a litter will always be either the color of the dam (or one of the colors in the case of parti-colors) or the dilute form of the dam’s color. xref 108 0 obj <>stream Genes for basic colours, including Colorpoint (Locus C), Agouti (Locus A), Orange (Locus O) and Locus E. These are the genes that make the pigments that give the basic colours to the cat. 0000033448 00000 n “In cats, the red and black … The gene is recessive to the full-colour C gene, which means the cat needs two copies (homozygous) for the Siamese colour to show up. A cat with a white undercoat (smoke or shaded) must have a parent that has a white undercoat (see #21). Also, if a breeder isn’t too sure of genetics and wants to breed for certain color(s), this should help plan out breedings. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful.