The fabric is called Aida and is woven to create exactly even squares of fabric with exactly spaced holes. Might work for those of you in Europe though. Be the first to write a review. NeK is an indirect measure of linear density. no voids). Kathy. Lastly the linen from Luzine Happel. Tensile Strength: Linen is a strong fiber. Hi Sarah, Thank you very much for the helpful information about the various counts and types of linen. She also suggests that beginners (like me) use 14 threads/cm linen. Linen is the best fabric to have on your skin if you tend to overheat, and this cover is breathable but warm. Be the first to write a review. There are “holes” between the warp and the weft and, although they don’t show as clearly in the photo, they are about the same size as the linen in the top photo. I love it!! I’ve learnt to go to any shop I can find and see what they have. The linen from Borderie Bayeux is found in an odd place – under “other product” then go to “wool” and you will find it. Linen is a bast fiber. “Finer linen demands good eyesight, perseverance and practice”. The biggest difficulty about linen is where to buy it. History of Linen. Fabric density helps explain the thickness of textile products. Sometimes the linen required needs to have fine threads with a more open weave for pulled and drawn thread projects and other times a linen is needed with a close weave and round/fat threads for surface embroidery and cut work projects. Re cross stitch linen – as long as its even weave, it’ll work for cross stitch. It has an elongation at break of 2.7 to 3.5 … Thanks for the link. Kathy. A field of linen in the French sunshine takes my breath away! I generally only use what I already have these days, so I certainly won’t be buying that much in comparison to many keen stitchers.=). Registered at Berlin Charlottenburg under registration number HRB 136641. Looking closely, you can see that the threads are of similar thickness and that the linen has “holes” between the threads. I started cross stitching on Aida but found evenweave / linen and switched and never went back. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. SO again, and to you personally just in case… In the direct system, the linear density of plied yarn is the simple summation of linear densities of the individual components, i.e. I do have several online sources sending me samples of linen that they sale. It would be beautiful but you’ve made me hungry for oatmeal now…with raisins and maybe a touch of good old fashioned American brown sugar. I went to Happel’s and Bayeux website but did not see the linen that either use so that I can purcase. (It is expensive!) Kathy. Here’s what each weight is good for: It becomes softer and more lustrous with use and laundering, so that a fine, long used piece of linen may have almost th… I have to order linen on-line if I want to use higher counts. The golden cast really brings out the colors in the wools. Yes, well…that’s something to look forward to, isn’t it? Great post Kathy – very helpful. The color sound luscious! We are discussing in details the linen properties below: Linen Properties. This is more than a simple maths lesson though. If anyone can enlighten us further, please let us know via the comments. Liebe Grüße, Or maybe the linen from Borderie Bayeux? You probably go through more fabric than I do so cost is a primary consideration. I agree. There is a post coming up about the shop in Bayeux called Broderie Bayeux and, yes, she does sell the linen.By the way, I think I answered via email but I may have missed it with school getting ready to start (tomorrow aarrgghh!) überlegen – to think, consider, ponder, deliberate, Possible uses for Line Density include finding density of roads as an influence on wildlife habitat or density of utility lines in a town. The source I found was Vetty Creations in Australia. It is GORGEOUS linen. I think it’s a beautiful color and looks fabulous when stitched with white or red and white threads. I would think that most places would offer a snippet. Yarn linear density is often measured using standard test method ASTM D1907. Fabric density at least for Irish linens that make them seem warmer than wool alternatives . Flax fibers vary in length from about 25 to 150 mm (1 to 6 in) and average 12–16 micrometers in diameter. Herzlichen Dank, Kathy, yes 50ct would be fine enough. For centuries women have done needlework. Good on you for being particular and doing things properly. Then I opened the second package and saw this linen: it’s only 50 count linen as opposed to the 60 count from Broderie Bayeux, but the threads are much more plump. I know it takes time to set it up but it sure would be helpful and, who knows!, it might boost their sales Hi Dianne, Glad the post helped so many of you! The linen above is 14 threads/cm OR 35 count white linen. To contact Luzine Happel go to her home page and scroll down to the very bottom. Linen fabric has a number of properties, that makes it highly useful for various applications, in industry, in home furnishings and apparels. So a linen with a “count of 12 is a much looser weave that linen with a count of 50, for example. Some vendors only deal wholesale, stores sell linen but dont disclose the vendor, thread count etc. They are more expensive than Aida, but a nicer hand, and easier to do “over one” or half cross stitches. There you will find her contact details. Details & FREE Returns Return this item for free. It has an elongation at break of 2.7 to 3.5 %. Linen is bast fiber. (To figure out the cm to inches count , multiply the threads per cm by 2.54 and you will have the threads per inch. Physical properties of linen fibers are given below: Tensile Strength: Linen is a strong fiber. I do mostly counted cross stitch on linen. Really enjoyed this post. For some countries that use the metric system, the area is 1 cm2 and 2.54 is multiplied to convert it into the correct measurement of density. To figure out the inches to cm count, divide the “count” by 2.54 and you will have the European size), 14 threads/cm (35 count) white linen Sophia Passion. Linen Hamper High Density Blue Soiled Linen … But the GSM and cover factor also depend on the thread density. Kathy. Kathy, because the threads are tight and compact, the linen has those “holes”. Perhaps I am, as my mother often said, splitting hairs, but I do like to do things properly… Aber wenn mann teueren Stoff kaufen muss, ist es nicht so praktisch, nö? Let’s talk about linen. This linen is 12 threads/cm or 30 count linen. I’ll use it for my next Bayeux Tapestry replica. This linen isn’t “heavy” but it drapes like a heavy linen. It may be bleached to white or near white, or to any stage between the original colour and white, and is found on the market at the various stages of bleaching. Lyn, Glad to know you enjoy reading The Unbroken Thread – than you! I think the hardest thing about buying linen online is that you can’t touch it. It has a tenacity of 5.5 to 6.5 gm/den. Please let me know and I could send a tiny sample so you can see if it’s fine enough… As for price,you’re right it isn’t preiswert! GSM stands for grams per square meter; it’s a measure of the density of a towel. (Warp = threads that run vertically. The count is only a little higher (the density of the threads per cm is only a little more than the linen in the first photo) but the individual threads are so thick that there aren’t any “holes” between the warp and the weft. I made this Linen Cloth Farming guide to help out players who want to farm the cloths instead of buying them from the Auction House. Kathy. Thank you for the info re: linen available at Broderie Bayeux. A second measurement that is extremely important to understand when looking at textiles is fabric density. I agree with you about the threads vs the openness of the weave. I would also love to find a good quality cotton muslin of the same thread count. While evidence is scant from prehistoric times, it appears that Neolithic peoples in Europe were making textiles from linen as long as 36,000 years ago.Therefore, linen is one of the longest-produced textiles, and its history may stretch back even farther than the most ancient evidence that modern archaeology has uncovered. Kathy. Thanks for the site in Australia and in Italy – we have people from all over so it helps to have as many resources as possible! Naturally it isn’t quite that straightforward: here in Europe the thread count is measured in threads per centimetre. the cross stitch linen is typically labelled as “evenweave”. This type is often used for everyday household linens and clothing. Weft = threads that run horizontally. Higher end linen sheets may cost up to hundreds of dollars, while lower quality linen sheets can … Or at least buy a small amount and work with the fabric. Typical Properties of Phenolic Laminates (Sheet Form) Physical: Astm Test Method: Paper: Canvas: Linen: Density (lb/in^3) D792: 0.049: 0.05: 0.048: Specific Gravity Linen fabric is made from the cellulose fibers that grow inside of the stalks of the flax plant, or Linum usitatissimum, one of the oldest cultivated plants in human history. What is the big secret?! 16 threads/cm (40 count) white linen from Luzine Happel. Another thing that stores will do is call something ‘Belgium or Irish linen” but it’s more of a generic term than actual linen from those areas.I called one online store and asked about the Ulster linen that they sold, questioning the country of origin. Liebe GrüSe, I recently had to search very hard for some 38 ct / inch linen. Linen fiber is a textile fiber obtained from the stalk of a small plant called Linum usitatissimum, it’s about one meter tall, with a few branches and small light blue flowers. Is cross stitch linen different? Strength: An important property of linen is its strength. Although it’s a relatively high count (but not the highest!) I just wrote a long, detailed comment response to you and the internet stopped working and it disappeared! It sound like it is lighter weight maybe…? Elongation at break: Linen does not stress easily. I often consider myself an ‘honorary German’ in that I do like to do things properly. This type is often used for everyday household linens and clothing. I’d love some good high count stuff though, to try miniature (dolls house sized) counted thread work on.=) Do let us know if you find a preiswert supply somewhere! I bought it at Sophia Passion in Bayeux. High Density Blue Soiled Linen Liners. Liebe Grüße, Top quality flax is primarily grown in Western Europe. Length: 18 to 30 inch in length. There are two varieties: shorter tow fibers used for coarser fabrics and longer line fibers used for finer fabrics. This is a linen that one sees often in French embroidery. An unbroken thread of women, stitching quietly, their minds pondering, considering, thinking, deliberating...for ages and ages. NeK is also referred to as the spinning count. If you are traveling, or have the chance to buy linen from an online retailer who describes the linen in the “other” thread count from what you’re familiar with, it’s good to know what you’ll be ordering so you’re not unpleasantly surprised. I don’t get through that many projects in a year. Price: $14.26 FREE Shipping on your first order. She says in her book, Basic Principals of Schwalm Whitework, “…your time and efforts deserve the very best fabric”. It’s right under the word “Home”. I’m going to go check it out right now! It was a necessary skill, it was an accomplishment, it was a chance to appear to be active while giving ones mind free rein to consider, to think. Linenspa High Density Squares- Replacement Cushion for Sofa or Chairs -Multiple Sizes Upholstery Foam, 18 X 18, 1" Depth Visit the Linenspa Store. PHENOLIC SHEET - GRADE LE Linen sheets per Mil-I-24768/13, LE, Linen, LP 509, MIL P 15035, Type FBE, mil-p-18177 is available through the Professional Plastics website. For example, to convert the density from meters per square meter into miles per square meter, multiply the output density by a factor of 1,609.344 (the numbers of meters in a mile). To help you remember here is a little rhyme I was taught: “Weft runs right to left”) The linen has a beautiful hand. This approach has been used by Pénicot [PEN 98] with the Kozeny–Carman model (see section 5.4.3 ) validated across a range of packing densities from 0.2 to 0.7. Legacy linen, which Mary Corbert loves, isn’t available here under that brand. Fabric density helps explain the thickness of textile products. Liebe Grüße, I was confused by the European count method when I first began embroidering and had no idea what the equivalent to U.S. thread count was! You are -as is often the case – one step ahead of me! Linen spinning did not really progress until James Kay of Preston invented &lsquowet spinning&rsquo in 1825. I thought the first linen I showed you (photo 2) was incredible when I open the package. While the thread count is a measurement of the number of threads in a given area – that is, how tightly woven the threads are – the fabric density is another measurement indicating how much fibre is in a metre square, thereby allowing us to determine how strong and thick a fabric is. It’s a 35 count linen I bought in the USA and I’m 99% sure it’s from Zweigert. Price … The density, also called volumic mass or mass density, is the mass per unit volume and has ρ as its symbol. lol I love doing reproduction samplers. In the USA it’s measured in threads per inch. I know it’s produced in Europe but I don’t know where or by whom and I WILL NOT pay export duty twice – once when the linen is imported to the USA and then again when I order it and must pay duty when it comes back into the EU. Figured it out gradually by trial and error, and M. Corbet’s blog was a big help. Kathy. Specified lengths of yarn are wound on reels as skein, and then weighed. I used to do loads of cross stitch. Flax/Linen Source. Hi Sharon, Ideas of where to buy linen online – if you don’t have a needlework store in your area? Liebe Grüße’ It helps compare which of these are suitable for use in summer or winter: the higher the number, the heavier the product, and the more suitable it will be for colder months. As of 2010, lower-end linen, which is rougher than a more finely woven linen, can be found for $12.98 a yard. Thank you so much for the lesson on linen! Benefits of linen Linen is a very durable fibre and has many benefits over cotton.- Linen is 30% stronger than cotton- Has a high moisture absorbency- Hypo-allergenic In order to attain fibers of the maximum length, the plant is uprooted from the ground and the fibers are macerated. Hi Catcus, In Len.Ok linen sheets we have this measurement of 66 yarns per inch (260 per meter) THREAD DENSITY Flax is an annual plant, which means it only lives for one growing season. NeL is an indirect measure of linear density. it depends. Linen is a material made from the fibres of the flax plant. The tex system has units measured in grams (g) per 1,000 metres (m). It’s a natural fabric that comes from a plant with beautiful blue flowers. NeL or Lea (Linen Count): The number of 300 yards (270 m) lengths per 1 pound (0.45 kg) of yarn. The strength is greater than cotton fiber. What can I say RMW? How it feels is as important to me as the count. The packing density thus obtained cannot be separated from the associated pressure drop expression and does not, in any case, translate the real value of the packing density of the cake. Thanks for the clarification! When I go to purchase linen is says something like “16 Fäden/cm” on the label. Another term is specific gravity, which is the ratio of the mass of a fiber material and the mass of an equal volume of water (density 1g/cm3). And yes, the linen available from Sue Hawkins is a bit lighter weight, with almost a sheen to it (not glossy) but not flimsy, and works up beautifully. The next photo is of two linens for the Bateau Bayeux project. Any questions about linen? The cost of linen varies widely and depends on the quality of the fibers used and the density of the weave. How are these different from handkerchief linen – whole different animal? Your email address will not be published. She told me it is the same quality of linen used in the original. Linen possesses a natural crispness when ironed damp, thus does not require starching, and has a natural lustre. Her linen comes from a German supplier who she has an agreement with and I had to order through her. In the photo above, you see linen I ordered from Luzine Happel. Here is a completely different linen from the first two. Although many countries use the metric system, the density is almost always measured in inch. It is fine linen indeed! That way the cross stitches will created the design correctly. The higher the thread count or number, the more densely the linen is woven. Color coded to designate soiled linens; Labeled in English and Spanish; Strong and secure; More Info # ML3484. The strength is greater than cotton fiber. The link is:, Hi Sharon, Linen is our canvas and I have to say that as a surface embroiderer it is very frustrating trying to find a high count, quality linen. Hopefully another reader in South Arica will let us all know a good source for the kind of linen you’re looking for. I think cross stitch linen is different. Hi Wendi, Thread counts range from as low as 20 threads per inch as used in tobacco cloth to as high as 350 threads per inch, found in typewriter ribbon fabrics. It’s called a natural linen.The color is similar to the plant after it’s been processed. In the past, we’ve explained the importance of thread count, and what it means for bed linen and textiles. Definitions of variables used: v = Volume v_f = Volume Fraction m = Mass d = Density Mass: Here is the link. As for buying expensive fabric…well. It was wonderful to see the close-up photos of the threads in the different linens. Vintage linen is very desirable, it’s soft and the feeling is very hard to replicate by any mechanical process. The linen on the left is the linen I am using. High High-density foam is naturally the heaviest; beds with high-density foam comfort layers and support cores typically weigh 75 to 90 pounds, or more in some cases Average price Low Because low-density foam is relatively inexpensive, mattresses with this material have the lowest average price-point: about $500 to $750 Physical Properties of Linen: Physical properties of linen fibers are given below: Color: The color of linen fiber is yellowish to grey. Learn how your comment data is processed. Grrrr This is the linen that Madame Chantel, the owner of the shop, uses in her kits. GSM is to towels what thread count is to sheets. I’m happy that The Unbroken Thread is a good resource for you. There are few embroidery shops in Cape Town and little choice of linens, most are Zweigart from DMC. Linen is sold according to thread count. I really want to try some surface embroidery projects on linen, I have heard so much about it. NeS is an indirect measure of linear density. Es ist teuer! The higher the thread count or number, the more densely the linen is woven. Calm, slow, careful stitches gave the appearance of activity, skill and usefulness, but the mind was free to think, to be quiet, to wander... NeS (Woollen Count or Yorkshire Skein): The number of 256 yards (234 m) lengths per 1 pound (0.45 kg) of yarn. The shop Sophie Passion is in Bayeux. It has a tenacity of 5.5 to 6.5 gm/den. I decided to search for places with high density of mobs which I can kill and drop [Linen Cloth].I traveled around Azeroth, and after a while I made a list of places. I mainly use linen twill which I buy online from UK sources (Crewel Works Co.,(very beautiful oatmeal color and super quality), Sue Hawkins (she uses a golden-tinted finer linen twill made in Belgium that I really like), and another source that I thought was of lesser quality (Lenham Needlecraft). 12 threads/cm natural linen from Sophia Passion. The ideal weight for linen sheets is between 175 and 190 grams per square meter. Yes sounds luscious, but if you put fruity and spicy colored floss on top it would look absolutely delicious! Liebe Grüße,, linear density (R) = T1 + T2 + T3 + … + TN, where T1, T2 … TN are the linear densities of n individual components expressed in tex. What is fabric density, and how is it different to thread count? Share it with us! Unfortunately I don’t know italian and I believe the shipping could be prohibitive to here. I wish that the online shop owners would take advantage of the technology to show us the linen up close with some kind of ruler next to the threads so we would have a better idea of what we were ordering. Left 16 threads/cm Right 20 threads/cm both from Luzine Happel. While thread count is suitable to describe bed linen, fabric density is used to measure thicker woven textiles like sofa cushions, bedspreads, throws, and blankets. Sounds like what you have now it far superior! Use for linen has changed in time and especially in the last 30 years. For all other counts, the higher the number the thinner the yarn. Lovely, lovely linen. There are several different brands and they look very similar to what you have pictured. So no, I’m not talking about Aida here. It is a measurement that provides the base weight of the fabric, given as a value of grams per square metre. It’s soft. You didn’t say directly, but I assume one can buy linen from Broderie Bayeux? The higher the GSM, the heavier the towel and the softer and more absorbent. I do appreciate this blog. We specialize in supplying timeless stylish, designer-quality pure organic linen bedding for your home. Linen A Line Maxi Skirt. Linen varies from a creamy white to greyish brown, the depth of colour depending largely on the time and condition of retting. Liebe Grüße, Aida is too stiff and I haven’t worked with it for probably 30 plus years now. LG, Kathy. Liebe Grüße, ... Linen's cool and comfortable wearing properties have made it a favourite summer fabric for millennia. I look forward to your next posts. That’s set me thinking!! It was iven used for books and for a type of body armour. Kathy – Hi Wendy, I would love a small sample of the 2 linens you mentioned, thanks for your offer!=) You have my e-mail attached to this comment, so feel free to drop me a line when you have a moment and we can arrange it.