Laughing kookaburra Lifespan, ageing, and relevant traits Maximum longevity 26.8 years (captivity) Source ref. IUCN Status: Least Concern. OFILE Laughing Kookaburra. These birds know all about team work. It is thought that laughing kookaburras only have one mate for their whole life. Dr Farvardin Daliri OAM created the 4m tall sculpture to bring laughter and smiles to the faces of people all over the world. Its upperparts are mostly dark brown but there is a mottled light-blue patch on the wing coverts. These birds are more common where the understory is open and sparse or where the ground is covered with grass. The female generally lays a clutch of three semi-glossy, white, rounded eggs, measuring 36 mm × 45 mm (1.4 in × 1.8 in), at about two-day intervals. They look similar to the Blue-winged kookaburra which is found in the same area. They have several natural behaviors that can be demonstrated during programming, including flight, calling, and prey stunning. Cry, kookaburra! Laughing kookaburras are fearless birds! In urban areas, these birds can often be seen in parks and gardens. Life Span. The blue-winged kookaburra and the laughing kookaburra are both widespread in Australia. Looks. Photo: C & D Frith Wet Tropics Rainforest Life. They need tree hollows to nest in and so need nest site availability to reproduce. Its upperparts are mostly dark brown but there is a mottled light-blue patch on the wing coverts. With its distinctive riotous call, the laughing kookaburra is commonly heard in open woodlands and forests throughout NSW national parks, making these ideal spots for … Varying calls convey different meanings (stress, happiness, danger, etc.). During mating season, the laughing kookaburra reputedly indulges in behaviour similar to that of a wattlebird. They are normally off white with pale brown lines.  The underparts are cream-white and the tail is barred with rufous and black. 310-480 g. LENGTH. The heavy bill is black on top and bone-coloured on the bottom. The kookaburra chicks and parents remain together as a family until the next breeding season. The kookaburra pairs for life, and both birds share the tasks of maintaining their territory and caring for the eggs and chicks. Assuming an average of 0.3 birds/ha the total population may be as large as 65 million individuals. The male then offers her his current catch accompanied with an "oo oo oo" sound. The specific epithet novaeguineae combines the Latin novus for new with Guinea, based on the erroneous belief that the specimen had originated from New Guinea. Kookaburras are the world’s largest kingfisher species and can live up to 20 years. In the 19th century the Laughing kookaburra was commonly called the "laughing jackass". However, some observers maintain that the opposite happens - the female approaches the male with her current catch and offers it to him. Both parents (sometimes helpers) incubate the eggs for 24-29 days. The call of the Laughing kookaburra has been used in Hollywood movies for decades, usually in jungle settings, beginning with the Tarzan series in the 1930s. These birds usually nest in unlined tree holes or in excavated holes in arboreal termite nests. What Food Do Kookaburras Eat? Laughing kookaburras are monogamous and form pairs that mate for life. Laughing Kookaburras are believed to pair for life. All four of the world’s kookaburra species (the others being the blue-winged kookaburra, rufous-bellied kookaburra and spangled kookaburra) belong to the avian family Halcyonidae. Laughing Jackass was one of 23 Australian native bird species named in the schedule. Laughing kookaburras are carnivores.  It is a stout, stocky bird 41–47 cm (16–19 in) in length, with a large head, prominent brown eyes, and a long and robust bill. Laughing Kookaburras can live 11 years in the wild and 15 years in captivity.  In Tasmania the laughing kookaburra was introduced at several locations beginning in 1906. Around Cooktown the laughing kookaburra tends to favour areas near water while the blue-winged kookaburra keeps to drier habitats.. Kookaburras typically live 14 to 15 years. The kookaburra is the world’s largest kingfisher. Most species of kookaburras tend to live in family units, with offspring helping the parents hunt and care for the next generation of offspring. The Giant Laughing Kookaburra is a tribute to the contagious power of joyfulness and a celebration of the strength of the human spirit. In the south the range extends westwards from Victoria to the Yorke Peninsula and the Flinders Ranges in South Australia. The laughing kookaburra SSP is also very willing to work with ambassador requests, which makes this species a sustainable choice as an addition to an ambassador … In the south the range extends westwards from Victoria to the Yorke Peninsula and the Flinders Ranges in South Australia. Native to the eucalyptus forests of eastern Australia, the laughing kookaburra is the largest member of the Kingfisher family, with females weighing up to one pound and growing to 18 inches in length. The name Dacelo is an anagram of Alcedo, the Latin word for a kingfisher. When the chicks fledge they continue to be fed by the group for six to ten weeks until they are able to forage independently.. In December 1891, the Western Australian parliament included 'Laughing Jackass' in the schedule of strictly preserved Australian native birds in the Game Bill, moved by Horace Sholl, member for North District. Laughing kookaburras from Eastern States were released near Mullewa in around 1896 and over the following decade hundreds of birds were imported from Victoria and released around Perth. The smallest chick may even be killed by its larger siblings. The underparts are cream-white and the tail is barred with rufous and black.  The current genus Dacelo was introduced in 1815 by the English zoologist William Elford Leach, and is an anagram of Alcedo, the Latin word for a kingfisher. "Laughing Kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae), version 1.0." , The laughing kookaburra was first described and illustrated (in black and white) by the French naturalist and explorer Pierre Sonnerat in his Voyage à la nouvelle Guinée, which was published in 1776. Native to the eucalyptus forests of Eastern Australia, the Laughing Kookaburra is the largest member of the Kingfisher family. The laughing kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae) is a bird in the kingfisher subfamily Halcyoninae. The average lifespan of a kookaburra is about 15 years. Median Life Expectancy: Up to 11 years. Diet: Carnivore.  If a rival tribe is within earshot and replies, the whole family soon gathers to fill the bush with ringing laughter. It now mainly occurs northeast of a line joining Huonville, Lake Rowallan, Waratah and Marrawah. During the mating season, the female adopts a begging posture and vocalizes like a young bird. , It has been introduced into many other areas probably because of its reputation for killing snakes. Loud "Ha-ha"; followed by 5. He gave it the scientific name Alcedo novæ Guineæ. According to the What Bird resource, the total population size of the species is around 800,000 birds. It can get quite noisy when two or three of them gather together and all vocalize at the s… They sometimes hunt large creatures, including venomous snakes that can be much longer than their bodies. The kookaburra is the subject of an Australian nursery rhyme.  The sexes are very similar, although the female is usually larger and has less blue to the rump than the male. The genus Dacelo was introduced by the English zoologist William Elford Leach in 1815. Laughing Kookaburra. Apart from giving vocal warnings, these birds fly accurately as they patrol the boundaries of their territory. The laughing kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae) is a bird in the kingfisher subfamily Halcyoninae. OFILE Laughing Kookaburra. Photographed by: Jim Schultz on Sun 15th Nov, 2020 and uploaded on Tue 17th Nov, 2020 . The Laughing Kookaburra is one of four species of kookaburra; the other three are the blue-winged kookaburra, the spangled kookaburra, and the rufous-bellied kookaburra.  Another popular name was "laughing kingfisher". The smallest chick may even be killed by its larger siblings. It is a large robust kingfisher with a whitish head and a brown eye-stripe. Laughing Kookaburras are believed to pair for life.  This species is sedentary and occupies the same territory throughout the year. HABITAT: Woodlands, forests, urban parks, and gardens: Range: Eastern Australia, Tasmania: Diet: Insects, snakes, rodents, and small birds: Lifespan: 10-12 years: Status in the Wild: Least concern: Their story: Kookaburras benefit from living around people. Overall, currently, Laughing kookaburras are classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List and their numbers today remain stable.  The plumage of the male and female birds is similar. Kookaburras often stay with their parents for several years, to help them defend their territory and raise their younger siblings. Taxonomy. Behavior: Kookaburras are territorial, and they will use calls to warn others of danger. The upperparts are mostly dark brown but there is a mottled light-blue patch on the wing coverts. The kookaburra is mostly known for their recognizable laughter. The upperparts are mostly dark brown but there is a mottled light-blue patch on the wing coverts.  The upperparts are mostly dark brown but there is a mottled light-blue patch on the wing coverts. A true giant among kingfishers, the laughing kookaburra's stocky frame and sturdy bill enable it to … The Laughing kookaburra is a large robust kingfisher with a whitish head and a dark eye-stripe. They have a white or beige head and front with … Its upperparts are mostly dark brown but there is a mottled light-blue patch on the wing coverts. Young females usually leave their parents' territory when they are 1-2 years old while males disperse at 2-4 years of age. Both sexes have a rusty red tail with black bars and white tips. "Cackle"; 3. Chicks are altricial; they are hatched naked and helpless. Native to the eucalyptus forests of eastern Australia, the laughing kookaburra is the largest member of the Kingfisher family, with females weighing up to one pound and growing to 18 inches in length.  By 1912 breeding populations had been established in a number of areas. The kookaburra pairs for life, and both birds share the tasks of maintaining their territory and caring for the eggs and chicks. In Queensland take care to identify from Blue-winged Kookaburra, which has a pale eye and a pale streaked head. Lifespan: 10-12 years in the wild, up to 15 in human care. At an early age, say one to two years after birth, a male kookaburra finds a mate which he pairs with for virtually the rest of his life. Laughing kookaburras look like big, brown-and-white kingfishers with a mottling of pale blue feathers on their wings. Laugh, kookaburra, laugh, kookaburra Gay your life must be! The laughing kookaburra belongs to the kingfisher family but unlike most kingfishers that are brightly coloured these birds are plain coloured. They are normally off white with pale brown lines.  Small prey are preferred, but kookaburras sometimes take large creatures, including venomous snakes, much longer than their bodies.. It also occurs near wetlands and in partly cleared areas or farmland with trees along roads and fences. Dacelo novaeguineae (Laughing Kookaburra) is a species of birds in the family Alcedinidae. Apart from giving vocal warnings, these birds fly accurately as they patrol the boundaries of their territory. The parents and the helpers incubate the eggs and feed the chicks. Kookaburra sits in the old gum tree Eating all the gumdrops he can see. A molecular study published in 2017 found that the genus Dacelo, as currently defined, is paraphyletic.The shovel-billed kookaburra in the monotypic genus Clytoceyx sits within Dacelo. It is associated with freshwater habitat. The female lays 3 eggs at about two-day intervals. Laughing Kookaburra relies on flight to move around.  Given the extended range and the large stable population, the species is evaluated as of "least concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The upperparts are mostly dark brown but there is a mottled light-blue patch on the wing coverts. The Laughing Kookaburra lives in the woodlands of Eastern Australia.  The laughing kookaburra generally breeds in unlined tree holes or in excavated holes in arboreal termite nests. Habitat/Range: They use a ‘wait and swoop’ technique to catch prey. The kookaburra is mostly known for their recognizable laughter. Other Australian natives that reside at Weisberg Stables include the Kangaroo, Wallaby and Emu. These birds know all about team work. Life Span:  If food is plentiful, the parent birds spend more time brooding the chicks, so the chicks are not able to fight. It is not uncommon for kookaburras to snatch food out of people's hands without warning, by swooping in from a distance. Diet. WEIGHT. It is more common where the understory is open and sparse or where the ground is covered with grass. 2. The “laugh” of the Kookaburra is a critical aspect of life. The male laughing kookaburra often has blue above the base of the tail. They have a hook on their bill, which disappears by the time of fledging. Kookaburras start breeding around October or November. One bird usually starts with a low, hiccuping chuckle and then throws its head back in raucous laughter: often several others join in. 2011-11-10 10:25:08. It can be heard at any time of day, but most frequently at dawn and dusk.. Scientific Name: Dacelo novaeguineae. "The scientific name of the Laughing Kookaburra: "Contributions to the zoology of north Queensland", "Explore Birdata map: Laughing kookaburra", Xeno-canto: audio recordings of the laughing kookaburra, Photos, audio and video of laughing kookaburra, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Laughing_kookaburra&oldid=984635471, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 06:03. ... and the loud distinctive call of the laughing kookaburra is widely used as a stock sound effect in Australian movies. It measures up to 46 cm from the tip of its beak to the end of its tail. Cry, kookaburra! , In the 1860s, during his second term as governor of New Zealand, George Grey arranged for the release of laughing kookaburras on Kawau Island. DACELO GIGAS. The type species is the laughing kookaburra. The laughing kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae) is a bird in the kingfisher subfamily Halcyoninae. It is a large robust kingfisher with a whitish head and a brown eye-stripe. Team work. Kookaburras hunt much as other kingfishers do; they perch on a convenient branch or wire and wait patiently until they see an animal on the ground and then fly down and pounce on their prey. Body A true giant among kingfishers, the laughing kookaburra's stocky frame and sturdy bill enable it to tackle sizeable, often dangerous prey. Laughing Kookaburra. The present range in Western Australia is southwest of a line joining Geraldton on the west coast and Hopetoun on the south coast. The laughing kookaburra lives in eucalypt forests, open woodlands, or on the edges of plains in Eastern Australia. A hand-made laughing kookaburra built in a Queensland front yard is stopping people in their tracks with his enormous size and booming laugh. The kookaburra totem is asking you to take a more relaxed approach towards life and start laughing more. Laughing Kookaburra. They are also the loudest! He probably obtained a preserved specimen from one of the naturalists who accompanied Captain James Cook to the east coast of Australia. The kookaburra is also the subject of a popular Australian children's song, the "Kookaburra" which was written by Marion Sinclair in 1934. Oh how life can be.  However, this may represent a severe over-estimate since the population of the laughing kookaburra seems to be undergoing a marked decline with Birdata showing a 50% drop in sightings from 2000 to 2019, and a drop in the reporting rate from 25% to 15% over the same period. The subspecies D. n. minor has a similar plumage to the nominate but is smaller in size. LAUGHING KOOKABURRA. Common, very large kingfisher with a dark eye and brown cheek patch. Kookaburras occupy woodland territories (including forests) in loose family groups, and their laughter serves the same purpose as a great many other bird calls—to mark territorial borders. Category: Kingfisher. They have brown wings and back. Laughing Kookaburra Conservation Status The Laughing Kookaburra is classed as ‘Least Concern’ by the IUCN. Looks. Sounds From The Wild: The Laughing Kookaburra It's a common sound in the Australian bush, starting up just around daylight: the laughing call of the kookaburra. Kookaburras have an off-white head, which is marked But in captivity with access to veterinary care, they can live even longer. The island lies in the Hauraki Gulf, about 40 km (25 mi) north of Auckland on the North Island of New Zealand. Laughing Kookaburra Dacelo novaeguineae Order: Coraciiformes Family: Alcedinidae Overview Laughing kookaburras are the largest member of the kingfisher family and are a dynamic species that can be presented in a variety of educational forums. Nest-building may start in August with a peak of egg-laying from September to November. They are very well known both as a symbol of Australia and as the inspirational “merry, merry king of the bush” from the children’s song. Taxonomy. Diet: This species are carnivores and their diet consists of rodents, snakes, insects, lizards, worms, birds and frogs. And it is a part of the warning system used by other various birds to tell others that they are invading an occupied area. Habitat: Dry eucalyptus forests, woodlands, and urban parks and gardens. The tail is rusty reddish-orange with dark brown bars and white tips on the feathers. The Game Act, 1892 (Western Australia), "An Act to provide for the preservation of imported birds and animals, and of native game," provided that proclaimed Australian native birds and animals listed in the First Schedule of the Act could be declared protected from taking. It is thought that laughing kookaburras only have one mate for their whole life. Laughing kookaburras are diurnal birds and don't migrate. Because of its loud calls and large size it is one of Australia’s most familiar birds. Wiki User. The bill is up to 4 inches (10 cm) long. Typical calls include an immediately recognizable and distinctive laugh, which gives the species its common name. It can be heard at any time of day, but most frequently at dawn and dusk. They are a stocky bird with a large head, big brown eyes and a large bill. male and female birds look similar.  It now breeds in a small region on the western side of the Hauraki Gulf between Leigh and Kumeu. The Laughing kookaburra is a large robust kingfisher with a whitish head and a dark eye-stripe. They have been introduced to New Zealand. Behavior: Territorial, their loud "laughing" call marks their territory; Laughing kookaburras mate for life. What Food Do Kookaburras Eat?  The name comes from Wiradjuri, an endangered Aboriginal language. If the food supply to the chicks is not adequate, the chicks will quarrel, with the hook being used as a weapon. Both sexes share the incubation duties and both care for the young. This one is fond of perching on the clothes line in the backyard. Kookaburras can live up to 11-12 years in their natural habitat, and from 15-20 years in captivity. Laughing kookaburras are often kept in zoos. Laughing kookaburra Lifespan, ageing, and relevant traits Maximum longevity 26.8 years (captivity) Source ref. Laughing kookaburras are not considered threatened at present. LAUGHING KOOKABURRA Dacelo novaeguineae 46 cm The Laughing Kookaburra is endemic to the forests and woodlands of eastern Australia.  If the food supply is not adequate, the third egg will be smaller and the third chick will also be smaller and at a disadvantage relative to its larger siblings. They are very well known both as a symbol of Australia and as the inspirational “merry, merry king of the bush” from the children’s song. Both sexes have a rusty red tail with black bars and white tips. They have brown wings and back. Oh how life can be. They have several natural behaviors that can be demonstrated during programming, including flight, calling, and prey stunning. Dacelo novaeguineae.  He claimed to have seen the bird in New Guinea. The female is, however, slightly larger than the male. Family: Alcedinidae. Cry, Kookaburra! You're most likely to find the laughing kookaburra in the wild in eastern Australia's eucalyptus forests; however, they are also found in parts of Western Australia, New Zealand and even Tasmania. 39-42 cm.  The laughing chorus has 5 variable elements: 1. Laughing kookaburras often eat out of a person's hands and don't hesitate to snatch food out of people's hands without warning, by swooping in from a distance.  Edme-Louis Daubenton and François-Nicolas Martinet included a coloured plate of the laughing kookaburra based on Sonnerat's specimen in their Planches enluminées d'histoire naturelle. Weight: 14 oz. It is found in Australasia. The male laughing kookaburra often has blue above the base of the tail. They look similar to the Blue-winged kookaburra which is found in the same area. LIFE SPAN: 10 years.  His nomination is, therefore, certainly a reference to the blue-winged kookaburra (Dacelo leachii), not the laughing kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae). They are a unique bird that is easily identified by its white plumage, brown wings and brown stripe across the eye. , The name "laughing kookaburra" refers to the bird's "laugh", which it uses to establish territory among family groups. Laughing kookaburras inhabit open sclerophyll forest and woodland. , Recordings of this bird have been edited into Hollywood movies for decades, usually in jungle settings, beginning with the Tarzan series in the 1930s, and more recently in the film The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997). The kookaburra is the subject of an Australian nursery rhyme. Hearing kookaburras in full voice is one of the more extraordinary experiences of the Australian bush, something even locals cannot ignore; some visitors, unless forewarned, may find their calls startling. Kookaburra sits in the old gum tree Eating all the gumdrops he can see.  They have a white or cream-coloured body and head with a dark brown stripe across each eye and more faintly over the top of the head. The laughing kookaburra is the largest of the kingfishers. Like the kingfisher, the kookaburra has a long bony ridge along the back of its skull, and strong neck muscles. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has classed the laughing kookaburra as a species of least concern as it has a large range and population, with no widespread threats. , In 1783, the French naturalist Johann Hermann provided a formal description of the species based on the coloured plate by Daubenton and Martinet. This popular song discusses the laughing kookaburra, these are the lyrics: Kookaburra sits on the old gum tree Merry merry king of the bush is he. They build their nests in tree hollows or termite mounds. gigas. , In the 19th century this species was commonly called the "laughing jackass", a name first recorded (as Laughing Jack-Ass) in An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales by David Collins which was published in 1798. Anatomy: The kookaburra is up to 18.5 inches (47 cm) long and weighs about 1 pound (0.5 kg). The genus Dacelo was introduced by the English zoologist William Elford Leach in 1815. The nest is a bare chamber in a naturally occurring tree hollow or in a burrow excavated in an arboreal (tree-dwelling) termite mound. "Kooa"; 2. , The laughing kookaburra is native to eastern mainland Australia, but has also been introduced to parts of New Zealand, Tasmania, and Western Australia. Kookaburras can often be seen sitting in a tree looking over grasslands or bushland.  The population in New Zealand is relatively small and is probably less than 500 individuals. They have a life span of about 20 years. The average lifespan of a kookaburra is about 15 years. According to the Wikipedia resource, the total population size of the Laughing kookaburra is 65 million individuals, including less than 500 individuals in New Zealand. Length: 16 in. They have a loud, fascinating call. In fact Sonnerat never visited New Guinea and the laughing kookaburra does not occur there. Native to: The Laughing Kookaburra is native to the eucalyptus forests and woodlands of eastern mainland Australia. Description The Kookaburra is one of Australia’s most recognisable bird species, with its large head, long beak and loud ‘laughing’ call. Artist creates a gigantic laughing kookaburra during lockdown - and it has a VERY distinctive cry. Male's call of "Go-go" or female's call of "Gurgle". 0. Laughing kookaburras use their laughter to establish territory among family groups. Kookaburras are monogamous, meaning they pair up for life. Answered. Resolution: 1800x1400: Viewed: 104: ID: 43429: Comment The name "kookaburra" comes from Wiradhuri, an endangered Aboriginal language.  Male blue-winged kookaburras also differ in having a barred blue and black tail. It is a large robust kingfisher with a whitish head and a brown eye-stripe. Chicks have a hook on the upper mandible, which disappears by the time of fledging. It is a large robust kingfisher with a whitish head and a brown eye-stripe. It is a large robust kingfisher with a whitish head and a brown eye-stripe. People often feed them pieces of raw meat. The Laughing Kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae) is found along the east coast of Australia and has also been introduced to places like Tasmania, south-west Western Australia and even New Zealand. Laughing Kookaburra. In, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds. 39-42 cm. The kookaburra is the largest member of the kingfisher family.  The names in several Australian indigenous languages were listed by European authors including Go-gan-ne-gine by Collins in 1798, Cuck'anda by René Lesson in 1828 and Gogera or Gogobera by George Bennett in 1834. The nest is a bare chamber in a naturally occurring tree hollow or in a burrow excavated in an arboreal (tree-dwelling) termite mound. 310-480 g. LENGTH. Of the 2 species of kookaburra found in Australia, the laughing kookaburra is the best-known and the largest of the native kingfishers. They also occur near wetlands and in partly cleared areas or farmland with trees along roads and fences. The loud 'koo-koo-koo-koo-koo-kaa-kaa-kaa' is often sung in a chorus with other individuals. Kookaburra Dacelo novaeguineae. If a rival tribe is within earshot and replies, the whole family soon gathers to fill the bush with ringing laughter. The head is square in shape, and the beak comes down into a sharp point. Juveniles from the year before often help raise this year’s offspring.  It was introduced on Flinders Island in around 1940, where it is now widespread, and on Kangaroo Island in 1926. WEIGHT. A predator of a wide variety of small animals, the laughing kookaburra typically waits perched on a branch until it sees an animal on the ground and then flies down and pounces on its prey. Team work. The Laughing Kookaburra also has a shorter 'koooaa', which is normally given when accompanied by other members of its family group. The type species is the laughing kookaburra. However, they suffer from ongoing habitat destruction and poisoning from pesticides. It is present on both the eastern and the western sides of the Great Dividing Range. Native to the eucalyptus forests of Eastern Australia, the Laughing Kookaburra is the largest member of the Kingfisher family. 11-20 yrs. , The laughing kookaburra can be distinguished from the similarly sized blue-winged kookaburra by its dark eye, dark eye-stripe, shorter bill and the smaller and duller blue areas on the wing and rump. These family groups consist of a breeding pair and offspring that help the parents hunt and care for a newly hatched generation.  Its diet includes lizards, insects, worms, snakes, mice and it is known to take goldfish out of garden ponds. Laughing kookaburras are a common sight in suburban gardens and urban settings, even in built-up areas, and are so tame that they will often eat out of a person's hands. . The underparts are white and the …  Hatchlings are altricial and nidicolous, fledging by day 32-40. They live in loose family groups and occupy the same territory throughout the year. There are 4 different recognized species of kookaburra It is monogamous, retaining the same partner for life.  Both parents and auxiliaries incubate the eggs for 24-26 days. Lifespan: up to 20 years.  In 1858 the ornithologist John Gould used "great brown kingfisher", a name that had been coined by John Latham in 1782.