[20] The UK government had also portrayed the independence referendum as once-in-a-generation. [21], Though the proposal for Scotland to become an independent country was voted down in 2014, the referendum resulted in the Scottish Parliament gaining additional powers through the Scotland Act 2016, which increased the devolved powers in areas such as taxation and some aspects of welfare provision. This Act forms the statutory basis for all future referenda being held under Scots Law under the instruction of the Scottish Government. The Scottish Independence Referendum Act 2013 set out the arrangements for the referendum and was passed by the Scottish Parliament in November 2013, following an agreement between the devolved Scottish government and the Government of the United Kingdom. The Scottish Government has proposed holding a second referendum on Scottish independence from the United Kingdom (UK). [51], In March 2019, the SNP conference adopted an amendment version of the Growth Commission as party policy on the economics of independence. 2019 Boris Johnson becomes prime minister, pledging to take Britain out of the EU on 31 October, deal or no deal. [1], Ahead of the 2016 Scottish Parliament election, the pro-independence Scottish National Party (SNP) said that a second independence referendum should be held if there was a material change of circumstances since the 2014 referendum, and specified one of those as the UK leaving the European Union ("Brexit"). [86] He also stated his opposition to the EU negotiating with "anyone other than the government of United Kingdom" and that "if the United Kingdom leaves... Scotland leaves". “When your mandate is not accepted, or your people are not listened to, then how can you want to stay part of that union?”, The students say Scotland feels like a “second-class country” where Westminster overlords dictate everything from their finance to defense policies. This is counter to the voting franchise in the 2014 referendum which was limited to British, Irish, Commonwealth and European Union citizens resident in Scotland over the age of 16.[79]. “It’s Brexit which is isolationist, which takes us into the unknown,” says Gethins. [60] Given Johnson's opposition to a second referendum, Sturgeon stated the Scottish Government could pursue a legal course of action to try to give the Scottish Parliament the power to call a referendum. , are adamant about the direction they want that swing to take. [50], Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson responded to the report by saying: "For me, the most important issue is making sure our children get a good education. [64], In March 2020, the Scottish Government halted plans for a referendum due to the COVID-19 pandemic. [43] In response she said that that, "I don't think it's right for any politician to dictate to a country what its future should be. Once it was richer by far. "[43], Sturgeon stated: "Undoubtedly the issue of an independence referendum was a factor in this election result, but I think there were other factors in this election result as well". [47][48], Following the 2017 UK general election, Sturgeon announced that the Scottish Government would postpone legislation on the proposed second referendum on Scottish independence until at least autumn 2018 when it was believed that the outcome of Brexit negotiations would become clearer. Voting etc. Her husband is an SNP member, though she’s quick to laugh off politically-induced marital strife. SP Bill 46 Session 5 (2019) Referendums (Scotland) Bill [AS INTRODUCED] CONTENTS. “Brexit is just a prime example of Scotland getting the exact opposite of what it voted for,” says 24-year-old Harry Stage, his black curls bobbing with emphasis. This Act extends voting rights to anyone legally resident in Scotland over the age of 16, regardless of nationality or citizenship, and extends voting rights to some prisoners if they have less than 12 months to serve in prison. In their manifesto, the SNP said the following in response to the Conservatives' manifesto pledge promising a referendum on EU membership by the end of 2017 if elected:[23]. Scottish Socialist Party spokesman Colin Fox said the SSP would "work as hard as anyone to deliver a Yes vote for independence", but warned that making Scotland's EU membership a central and “overarching” issue of the debate would be “a risky strategy” and said it ran the risk of side-lining economic and social challenges facing Scots. Labour has pledged to renew the Trident program, despite its leader Jeremy Corbyn being a longstanding critic of nuclear weapons. We will oppose UK withdrawal from the EU and will propose that, in any future referendum, there should be a double majority requirement. But if it was in power, most SNP arguments would be pointless. That is what we will do. [12] The British government and some mainstream political parties argued that remaining in the UK was the only way for Scotland to remain part of the EU. Sea on one side, hills on the other, constantly moving between the two. In any case, “we won’t be in the EU come January,” says Stage, in between sips of tea. The Act was passed by the Parliament on 20 February 2020 and received Royal Assent on 1 April 2020. Nonetheless Gardner voted Remain, and says he loves “traveling to Europe.”, “Anyway,” he adds with a cheeky smile, “I haven’t been a fisherman that long.”. CNN’s William Bonnett contributed to this report. Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union? [93] The Scottish Labour Party published an 'Action Plan' in July 2016, focusing on the economy. Scottish Greens co-convener Patrick Harvie, on 13 March 2017 welcomed the confirmation from the First Minister that she is seeking a Section 30 Order from the UK Government to give the Scottish Parliament temporary power to hold an independence referendum. The SNP wants Scotland back in the EU as quickly as possible Excluding "don't knows", the average of polls in 2019 was 51% No to 49% Yes. 4 Those who are entitled to vote . 2 Application of this Act . This time the head of devolved government of Scotland and leader of SNP Nichlos Surgeon told supporters at virtual conference on Saturday that prospects of winning independence […] ", "Pro-EU Scots, Northern Irish eye UK escape after Brexit vote", "Scottish independence: Alex Salmond says Eurosceptics 'damaging Scotland, "EU law may force RBS and Lloyds to become English", "Salmond: 'Referendum is once in a generation opportunity, "'A second Scottish independence referendum is on the horizon', says Alex Salmond", "Terms of 'once in a generation' Scottish independence referendum agreed", "Holyrood 2016: SNP claims 'historic' win but no majority", "Scottish Greens will back SNP over Indyref 2", "Nicola Sturgeon Denies She Has 'Machiavellian' Wish For Brexit", "Scotland Will Quit Britain If UK Leaves EU, Warns Tony Blair", "Henry McLeish: I will back Scottish independence if UK leave EU against Scotland's wishes", "The Impact of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union on Scotland, Wales and Gibraltar", "Scotland Says New Vote on Independence Is 'Highly Likely, "Scots' backing for Remain raises threat of union's demise", "Brexit: Nicola Sturgeon says second Scottish independence vote 'highly likely, "Scotland put on stand-by for another independence referendum after Brexit vote", "SNP's Nicola Sturgeon announces new independence referendum bill", Scottish parliament rejects Brexit in non-binding vote, "Scottish Parliament backs referendum call", "Nicola Sturgeon jeered after refusing to rule out third independence referendum within a few years", "General election 2017: Sturgeon says Indyref2 'a factor' in SNP losses", "Scottish referendum in doubt after steep losses for SNP in UK vote", "Scottish Independence Referendum 2014 – Glasgow Partial Total", "Nicola Sturgeon puts Scottish independence referendum bill on hold", "What's in the SNP's growth commission report? [7], On 28 March 2017, the Scottish Parliament voted 69–59 on Motion S5M-04710, in favour of holding a second referendum on Scottish independence. [16][17], The Scottish Government's official publication on the independence referendum stated that "It is the view of the current Scottish Government that a referendum is a once-in-a-generation opportunity",[18] a point reiterated a few days before the vote by the SNP's then-leader, Alex Salmond, noting the eighteen-year gap between the devolution referenda held in 1979 and in 1997 as an example of the generational opportunity. According to the Growth Commission, Scotland would seek an open migration policy to allow for its population to grow. [123] However, Leonard has said that UK Labour Party policy on independence and a referendum should be decided by the Scottish branch of the party rather than by the whole UK party. "[37], On 13 October 2016, Sturgeon announced that an Independence Referendum Bill will be published for consultation the following week. She wants a vote by spring 2019 … [102], In the 2014 referendum, the Scottish Government had advocated remaining in a currency union with the United Kingdom. Sturgeon: 'All options' open if Scottish independence referendum blocked 2 December 2019 Nicola Sturgeon has refused to rule out taking legal action if a … [103] The SNP's Sustainable Growth Commission developed a new party policy that, if in government, the SNP would aim to create a new Scottish currency after a future referendum. [25] The pro-independence Scottish Green Party won 6 seats,[25] meaning that pro-independence MSPs maintained a majority. A first referendum on independence was held in September 2014, with 55% voting "No" to independence. [59][61], Nicola Sturgeon's request for a referendum was rejected by the UK government in January 2020. The crowds converging on London this weekend to march for a people’s vote will encompass many thousands of Scots because their country voted …