For this list of Spanish pronunciation rules for consonants, let’s start with the sounds you already know in English. courses that prepare you to earn While many consonants are pronounced the same in Spanish as they are in English, one common mistake made by non-native speakers is over-enunciating the consonants in Spanish words. An error occurred trying to load this video. Here is your no-nonsense guide in how to pronounce Spanish consonants, whether they’re on their own or in combination with other letters. If you speak English and are learning Spanish, or any other language in the world, you need to learn and practice the Cartesian Spanish Pronunciation Lesson (The CSPL). The pronunciation of Spanish consonants is easy to learn. A key ingredient to both speaking and understanding Spanish is pronunciation. That's what this lesson is about. m as in man, y as in yes, etc. When the V is at the beginning of a word or immediately follows a consonant, it is pronounced like an English or French B. If you position your lips and teeth to make a v sound, and then try to make a b sound, you’ll have it. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. They’re not so clear in Spanish. The LL is a very common sound, seen in llenar (to fill) and amarillo (yellow). An example is kilómetro (kee-loh-meh-troh) (kilometer). just create an account. Did you know… We have over 220 college Let's look at those again. Learn how to pronounce the Spanish alphabet and thousands of words with our videos. flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Sometimes two letters have the same sound; other times one letter can be pronounced two ways. The letter q is the substitute for k in Spanish. imaginable degree, area of Now, let's go through and hear the sound that each letter makes. But you’ll find a few differences in how certain consonants are pronounced in Spanish. In American English, this sound is a tap. Were your vowels stuck playing second fiddle? The pronunciation of the consonant j sounds like a guttural h. To pronounce the letter j within a word, say your h, but gently raise the back of your tongue, as if you’re saying k. Push the air out real hard, and you’ll get the sound. Therefore, when you hear a new word with that sound, it is worth checking to see which letter is being used. Here are some examples: bebé (baby) and barrio (neighborhood) both start with the letter B, while the words vaca (cow) and vino (wine) start with the letter V. You will note that the sound we associate with the letter V in English doesn't really exist in Spanish. In general, consonants tend to sound the same in English and Spanish when they are spoken within a word. Some of these are found in the same letters you have in English, but some aren’t. The pronunciation of q is indicated by the letter k in pronunciation brackets: The consonants s and z both sound like the English letter s. The letter s is used in the pronunciation brackets to signal this sound: zarzuela (sahr-sooeh-lah) (Spanish-style operetta). Special emphasis is placed on the four letters that do not exist in the English alphabet, and on C and G, which have both hard and soft sounds. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? A c in front of the vowels a, o, or u or any consonant but h sounds like the English k. The letter k designates this sound the pronunciation brackets: When the letter c is in front of the vowels e or i, it sounds like the English s. In the pronunciation brackets, this sound is signaled as s: The letter g has multiple personalities. A guide to pronunciation of Spanish Consonants. Most of the following letters will look familiar to you, but you should note that there are actually 30 letters in the traditional Spanish alphabet. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons These are important to learn because they have unique and specific sounds. This lesson will introduce the consonants of the Spanish alphabet. The following pronunciations are exceptions to the English language. Services. Did you notice the four new letters? The vowel table lists both monophthongs and diphthongs. Pronouncing the Difficult Consonants of Spanish. That can be a little confusing, so as you learn new words, note if they have one of those letters in them. A brief introduction to the Spanish Alphabet: Vowels and Consonants. Did you notice that the B and the V sounded the same in Spanish? Spanish, on the other hand, does not have many words with double consonants of the same consonant letter. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Spanish Consonants: How to Read Spanish Words Like a Native. The first post was about consonants, the most straightforward part, and all the same principles apply for learning Spanish. C and G have both hard and soft sounds and their pronunciation depends on the vowel that follows. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Some of the phonemic contrasts between consonants in Spanish are lost in certain phonological environments, and especially in syllable-final position. Spanish a / English æ ʌ ɑː; Spanish e / English e ɜː ə eə; Spanish i / English iː ɪ i; Spanish o / English ɔː ɒ; Spanish u / English uː ʊ u; Diphthongs; Triphthongs and smoothing; Pre-fortis clipping; Consonants . In Spanish, the letter k is used only in words that have their origin in foreign languages. Their different names, their pronunciation and words with different meanings and are spelled differently but pronounced the same. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. r, rr. Consonants" is an excellent means both for teaching English pronunciation as well as for making it clear to students that they can be misunderstood if they pronounce words the Spanish way. While two of those have been officially removed, they will be included here because their pronunciation is specific and quite important to learning the Spanish sounds. The consonants b and v are pronounced the same, the sound being somewhere between the two letters. If you were to ask someone to spell a word for you, this is how they would tell you. It’s the voiced counterpart of / θ /, so it is produced in the same place an manner, with the tongue behind the upper teeth or, in a more careful pronunciation, between the upper and the bottom teeth. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. 164 lessons Many Spanish consonants are pronounced like their English counterparts. How do you say...? This lesson will introduce the Spanish consonants and the sound that each one makes. (vivir, beber). To repeat, in Spanish the letter H is silent. 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