STUDY. Lepidus married Junia Secunda, sister of Marcus Junius Brutus and Junia Tertia, Cassius Longinus’s wife. Meanwhile, Pompey had penned up Marcus Junius Brutus, one of Lepidus's commanders, in Mutina. What is ironic about this? This was probably in 81 BC. The QFG Historical Database is a research project undertaken by While some scholars have endorsed this view, others argue that the evidence is insufficient to discount the distorting effects of propaganda by his opponents, principally Cicero and, later, Augustus. Modern writers have often been equally dismissive. He started his cursus honorum as triumvir monetalis, overseeing the minting of coins, from c. 62–58 BC. However, in his opinion, he did not because he recalled the survivors of Sulla's enemies which, he felt, he did for no other purpose than for a war. The next day Pompey sent Geminius to kill Brutus. Match. His task was to find solutions which made it possible to call an election. Spell. Lepidus became one of the triumvirs partly because he had a large number of soldiers under his command and also because Antony needed him. Lepidus joined the Caesarian side during the Civil War (49–45) between Caesar and the adherents of Pompey. Lepidus was probably sitting next to Caesar at the time. An excellent soldier if not the most intelligent of men, he becomes the third ruler of Rome along with Octavius and Antony after Caesar’s death. Though he was an able military commander and proved a useful partisan of Caesar, Lepidus has always been portrayed as the weakest member of the triumvirate. In Antony and Cleopatra he is portrayed as extremely gullible, asking Antony silly questions about Egypt while very drunk. LEPIDUS. Appian wrote that after a long resistance, he was let in the town by treachery. With that settled, Lepidus is sent to collect Caesar's will, to see if they can divert some of his money their way. Lepidus realised that in the following year his oath not to make war on the Sullans would no longer be valid because it was considered that it was binding only during the term of office (which lasted only one year). Lepidus was defeated in a battle at the Milvian bridge[23] and then declared an enemy of the senate. Granius Licinianus, Grani Liciniani Quae Supersunt (Classic Reprint)( inLatin), Forgotten Books, 2018: Plutarch, Parallel Lives: Agesilaus and Pompey, Pelopidas and Marcellus (Loeb Classical Library), Loeb, 1989: Sallust, Catiline's War, The Jugurthine War, Histories: WITH The Jugurthine War, Penguin Classics, 2007; This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 15:56. emsere. According to Lepidus’s biographer Richard D. Weigel, Lepidus’ willingness to give up his legions inevitably consigned him to a subsidiary role in the triumvirate. Stable URL: Lepidus was rewarded with the position of Proconsul in the Spanish province of Hispania Citerior. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar's house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine : How to cut off some charge in legacies. [1] This brought him into conflict with the optimates whom Sulla had put back in power. Antony and Lepidus now had to deal with Octavian Caesar, Caesar’s great-nephew and adopted son in Caesar’s will. Julius Caesar. OCTAVIUS Or here, or at the Capitol. Antony, Octavius and Lepidus have banded together in a counter-conspiracy to destroy the men who killed Caesar. Mark Antony and the other Caesar supporters take up the cause of avenging Caesar's assassination. [2] In 77 BC, when he was recalled from his proconsulship of Gaul, he returned to Rome at the head of an army and an armed conflict erupted. In his usual slanderous way, he also privately suggested that Lepidus’ wife Junia was unfaithful to him. LEPIDUS. Latest answer posted February 12, 2009 at 1:36:35 AM Speeches (Lines) for Lepidus in "Julius Caesar" Total: 3. print/save view. When he refused to return they declared him an enemy of the state and passed a Consultum Ultimum (a.k.a. Lepidus agrees to the death of his brother if Antony will agree to allow his nephew to be killed. He is present at Caesar’s death, and flees from it. Lepidus also agreed to the proscriptions that led to the death of Cicero and other die-hard opponents of Caesar’s faction. The brief alliance in power of Caesar and Lepidus came to a sudden end when Caesar was assassinated on March 15 44 BC (the Ides of March). Lepidus' forces were defeated in a battle near the Milvian Bridge and as a result his rebellion failed. Lepidus was defeated and went to Sardinia, "where he died of a wasting disease. LEPIDUS. Pompey was criticised because when the enemy surrendered he wrote to the senate that Brutus had surrendered to him of his own accord. According to Cassius Dio, while Mark Antony and Octavian were away from Rome fighting Brutus and Cassius, Lepidus was nominally in control of the city, but Mark Antony’s wife Fulvia was the real power. Antony thinks Lepidus is weak, so it's a shame that he'll be sharing power with Antony and Octavius in the triumvirate. Terms in this set (54) How does Antony react to the suggestion that his nephew Publius should be killed? He added: "when weapons were brought together and Catulus was not slower ...[missing text]... Where anyone seemed to be near him as he went beside the coast and the lake, he avoided the tops of the mountains. Lepidus thereafter administered both Hispania and Narbonese Gaul. After negotiation, he suggested an alternative: Octavian could have Sicily and Africa, if he agreed to give Lepidus back his old territories in Spain and Gaul, which should legally have been his according to the Lex Titia. Lepidus had been the first to land troops in Sicily and had captured several of the main towns. Learn. He wrote that Lepidus decided to bring his army to Rome because he knew why he had been recalled, namely to be stripped of his military command. (in short "QFG") under the supervision of senior executive editor charge expense >>> LEPIDUS : 4.1.10 : What, shall I find you here? Lepidus was the son of Marcus Aemilius Lepidus; his mother may have been a daughter of Lucius Appuleius Saturninus. Julius Caesar Act IV. Actually understand Julius Caesar Act 4, Scene 1. Unlike the First Triumvirate of Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus, this one was formally constituted. [15] The colony Sulla established in Etruria was at Faesulae. Test. [9] When Sulla died in the same year, Lepidus tried to prevent the body from being buried in state on the Campus Martius. IV,1,1864. His brother was Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. With all the details worked out, Lepidus is … On 22 September 36 BC Lepidus was stripped of all his offices except that of Pontifex Maximus. Lepidus successfully negotiated an agreement with Sextus that maintained the peace. Antony, Lepidus, and Octavius meet to condemn to death those who may oppose them. Lepidus was sent to negotiate with him. [28], It can be noted that this conflict was fought the year after the consulship of Lepidus and Catulus (the consuls were elected annually). Antony. with an international group of editorial assistants. Write. Pompey, invested as a legate with propraetorial powers, quickly recruited an army from among his veterans and threatened Lepidus, who had marched his army to Rome, from the north. They are marking off names of men who are condemned to death. She also argues that his power bid over Sicily was logical and justifiable. Antony taunts him with an elaborately nonsensical description of a Nile crocodile. [18] In the following year there were disturbances in Etruria. After Lepidus' death, Caesar used a law proposed by a certain Plotius, which he had supported, to recall his brother-in-law Lucius Cornelius Cinna, the son of Lucius Cornelius Cinna (who had been one of the leaders of the Marians when they seized power in Rome between 87 BC and 82 BC, and who was also Caesar’s father-in-law). Caesar had dined at Lepidus’ house the night before his murder. Gravity. LEPIDUS Upon condition Publius shall not live, Who is your sister's son, Mark Antony. Lepidus and Antony both spoke in the Senate the following day, accepting an amnesty for the assassins in return for preservation of their offices and Caesar’s reforms. Antony plans to control and use Lepidus for his own purposes, as he did the crowd Test. Afterwards, Octavius took the name Gaius Julius Caesar and was called Octavianus. Their works, too, have survived only in fragments. This database, Lucius Ampelius made a brief reference about this conflict in which he stated that Catulus ended the fight. STUDY. [22] Brutus eventually surrendered. One day, Antony, Octavius and Lepidus are sitting around talking about who they should kill in response to Caesar's death. They formed the Second Triumvirate, legalized with the name of Triumvirs for Confirming the Republic with Consular Power (Triumviri Rei Publicae Constituendae Consulari Potestate) by the Lex Titia of 43 BC. Lepidus continued to assure the Senate of his loyalty, but engaged in negotiations with Antony. Lepidus exits. In Plutarch's account, Pompey undertook a long siege of Brutus in Mutina. Lepidus was forced to flee to Octavian’s camp. However, he felt that Octavian was treating him as a subordinate rather than an equal. He wrote that "Lepidus gathered together the dispossessed, whose land had been taken over by Sulla after his victory to make new colonies for his soldiers, and also the children of the proscribed. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar’s house. 3. [30], Julius Caesar, who was a Marian and had fled Rome during Sulla's persecution, returned to Rome because of the rebellion Lepidus was planning. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar's house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. With the triumvirs in possession of overwhelming numerical superiority, Decimus Brutus’ remaining forces melted away, leaving the triumvirs in complete control of the western provinces. Florus thought that this would have been fair if he had done this without destabilising Rome. She was related to Lucius Appuleius Saturninus. However, in agreeing to yield seven of his legions and allow Octavian and Antony the glory of defeating Brutus and Cassius, he had consigned himself to a minor role in the future. He also had men who had taken part in Lepidus' rebellion and had fled to Sertorius in Hispania recalled. There is no mention of Pompey. In 77 BC, when Lepidus had left for his proconsular command (he was allocated the provinces of Cisalpine and Transalpine Gaul to the north of Italy), his political opponents moved against him. As soon as Lepidus learned of Caesar’s murder, he acted decisively to maintain order by moving troops to the Campus Martius. Pompey then marched against Lepidus' rear catching him near Cosa, but although he defeated him Lepidus was still able to embark part of his army and retreat to Sardinia.[21]. [19], In Plutarch's account, Lepidus was opposed by his fellow consul, Quintus Lutatius Catulus, who was supported by the Roman senate (in the civil wars Sulla had been a supporter of the senatorial aristocracy against the Marians who espoused the cause of the common people). However, he refused to join him because the outlook was less promising than he had thought and because he did not think that Lepidus was a good leader. While no one says it directly, we can assume he had a hand in Caesar's death. OPTIONS: Show cue speeches • Show full speeches # Act, Scene, Line (Click to see in context) Speech text: 1. [11] Lepidus gathered the remnants of the weakened Marian faction (see Sulla's first and Sulla's second civil war), and those who had escaped Sulla's proscriptions.[12]. When the two armies met, large portions of Lepidus’s forces joined up with Antony. He was probably aedile while Sulla was in Greece fighting the First Mithridatic War. Dio wrote that “She, the mother-in‑law of Octavian and wife of Antony, had no respect for Lepidus because of his slothfulness, and managed affairs herself, so that neither the senate nor the people transacted any business contrary to her pleasure.”. After this Lepidus was given six of Antony’s legions to govern Africa. . I do consent— 2. I do consent,— OCTAVIUS. See also our This remarkable volte-face had been designed by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, like Antony a former general in Caesar's army. In Florus' account, Lepidus also wanted to repeal Sulla's acts. It is unclear whether Lepidus’ troops forced him to join with Antony, whether that was always Lepidus’s plan, or whether he arranged matters to gauge the situation and make the best deal. The younger Lepidus was executed, but the former triumvir himself was left unmolested. He enriched himself during Sulla's proscriptions. [29] The interrex was an official who was appointed when difficult disputes made holding elections exceedingly difficult. [3] In 82 BC, during Sulla's second civil war, he fought for Sulla. Antony claims allegiance to Brutus and the conspirators after Caesar’s … He expresses trust in Lepidus and is less disillusioned than Antony. 40.). LEPIDUS I do consent--OCTAVIUS Prick him down, Antony. Take the quiz to go over things like the role of Lepidus in the play and where he goes once Caesar is killed. Licinianus wrote: "The inhabitants of Faesulae broke into the strongholds of the veterans. There are also accounts by Licinianus and Julius Exsuperantius which are based on information from Sallust's work which was still extant in their days but has had been lost. He also wanted to return the estates which had been confiscated from the men Sulla had executed and sold to private individuals (the proscriptions). In this way he collected a large army ..." He also wrote that Lepidus "also made himself popular with the common people, as the defender of the people's freedom, by bestowing many gifts on them, both publicly and individually. It is likely that the factional conflict that split Rome made the election of new consuls difficult. When in February 44 BC Caesar was elected dictator for life by the senate, he made Lepidus Master of the Horse for the second time. He had family ties to this province. The Senate instructed Octavian to hand over control of the troops to Decimus Brutus, but he refused. He captured Norba, in Latium, which had sided with Sulla's enemies, the Marians. (Weigel, Lepidus: The Tarnished Triumvir, p. [7] We do not know when this happened. He shall not live; look, with a spot I damn him. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar’s house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. When the Perusine War broke out in 41 BC, Octavian tasked Lepidus with the defence of Rome against Lucius Antonius, Mark Antony’s brother. [26] In the Perochiae, Lepidus was expelled from Italy by Catulus and died in Sardinia "where he had, in vain, tried to stir up a war. [13] Presumably the men who bought the confiscated property would resist such a measure. Two members of his family had been governors in Sicily in 218 BC and 191 BC respectively. It sounds like Catulus went to Etruria to pursue Lepidus. It got them to swear that they would not let their differences escalate to the point of war. ANTONY. He was gaining the upper hand, but Pompey arrived form Gaul and crushed his enemy. Antony then sends Lepidus to obtain Caesar's will so that they can reduce some of the bequests. Octavius has interacted with Lepidus as if he will have an equal share of power with them In what way is Antony's behavior toward Lepidus similar to his manipulation of the crowd at Caesar's funeral? LEPIDUS What, shall I find you here? We do not have any information about what he did when he was there. He started his cursus honorum as a praetor in 49 BC, was placed in charge of Rome while Caesar defeated Pompey in Spain,[3] and was rewarded with the consulship in 46 BC after the defeat of the Pompeians in the East. Sending Lepidus for Caesar’s will, Antony expresses contempt for Lepidus and plans with Octavius to raise an army to fight the troops of Brutus and Cassius. (Lepidus wants to know if they will : still be "here"—maybe Antony's house—when he : OCTAVIUS: returns.) Appian was also referring to this when he wrote that Lepidus, wanted to restore the land which Sulla had taken from the Italians to gain their favour. During his governorship of Africa he promoted the distribution of land to veterans, possibly in order to build up a network of clients. Exsuperantius also mentioned a battle which was fought in Etruria. Angered by the betrayal, some inhabitants killed themselves and some set fire to the town. Antony, however, marched towards Lepidus’s province with his remaining forces. The Chronicle of the Fall of the Roman Empire Use this worksheet and quiz to learn about Lepidus in Julius Caesar. Weigel argues that these views are coloured by evidence that was in large part politically motivated, and that Lepidus’s career was no more perfidious or inconsistent than that of the other major players in the power struggles at the time. Decimus Brutus called him a “weathercock” and Velleius Paterculus called him “the most fickle of mankind”, and incapable of command. Caesar and the Senate were sufficiently impressed by Lepdius’s judicial mixture of negotiation and surgical military action that they granted him a Triumph. Licinianus wrote that after the inhabitants of Faesulae attacked the veterans in the colony and reclaimed their land (see section above), "[t]he consuls were assigned an army and set off for Etruria, as the senate instructed." Messala is a minor character in William Shakespeare's 'Julius Caesar', but he is a loyal friend to Brutus. the Ultimate Decree) which called on the interrex Appius Claudius and the proconsul Quintus Lutatius Catulusto take necessary measures to preserve public safety. He typically appears as a marginalised figure in depictions of the events of the era, most notably in Shakespeare’s plays. According to Cicero, he groaned, turned away and had tears in his eyes. Lepidus proves an effective tool for them in … Lepidus was expelled from Italy and went to Sardinia. Catulus, who had recruited an army at Rome, now took on Lepidus directly defeating him in a battle north of Rome. Flashcards. He then retired to Sardinia, "where he died of disease and sorrow of mind. He appears to have encouraged the Romanisation of Thibilis in Numidia and to have demolished illicit extensions to Carthage so that the formally cursed area of the old city, destroyed after the Third Punic War, was not built upon. [20], Appian wrote that there was a conflict between the two consuls and their two factions (the Sullans and the Marians), and that the senate was afraid of both factions. "[14] The mountains Licinianus referred to must have been in Etruria. He wrote that Catulus was more suited to "political than military leadership" and, thus, Pompey (Lepidus old benefactor) had to make a decision about who he would support. Lepidus had a large force because many people had joined him as they hated Sulla's regime. Lepidus and Junia Secunda had at least one child, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus the Younger. However, Cassius Dio hints that Lepidus helped Paullus to escape. Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus are gathered with a checklist of the men they plan to murder for conspiracy. Hayne, Léonie, “Lepidus’ Role after the Ides of March”, Acta Classica, 14, 1971, pp. However, this was to lead to an ill-judged political move that gave Octavian the excuse he needed to remove Lepidus from power. "[15], In Florus' account, which has survived only in fragments, after having destabilised the city when he was a consul, Lepidus went to Etruria, gathered an army and marched on Rome. Plutarch wrote that it was not known whether Brutus betrayed his army or whether his army betrayed him and switched allegiance. Octavian sent him into exile in Circeii. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (15) What are Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus doing at the opening of the scene? The Tragedy of Julius Caesar (First Folio title: The Tragedie of Ivlivs Cæsar) is a history play and tragedy by William Shakespeare first performed in 1599. Lepidus had previously been a close ally of Julius Caesar. [31], For other people named Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, see, Brennan, T.C., The Praetorship in the Roman Republic, p. 507, Pliny the Elder, Natural History, 35.12; 36.49,109, Julius Exsuperantius, On the civil Wars of Marius, Lepidus and Sertorius, 35, St. Jerome Hieronymus, Chronological Tables, 1940, Julius Exsuperantius, On the civil Wars of Marius, Lepidus and Sertorius, 38-42, Asconius, Five detailed descriptions of speeches of Cicero, 19,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. ANTONY This is a slight unmeritable man, Meet to be sent on errands: is it fit, The three-fold world divided, he should stand Lepidus was rewarded with the consulship in 46 BC after the defeat of the Pompeians in the East. During the Social War Lepidus fought in northern Italy under Pompeius Strabo, who was consul in 89 BC. Write. His father was the first leader of the revived populares faction after the death of Sulla, and led an unsuccessful rebellion against the optimates. His wife Junia was, however, implicated. [14] In highly rhetorical passages, Sallust wrote that in Etruria there were smouldering fires of war and mentioned pillaging and burning. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (/ ˈ l ɛ p ɪ d ə s /; c. 89 BC – late 13 or early 12 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who formed the Second Triumvirate alongside Octavian and Mark Antony during the final years of the Roman Republic.Lepidus had previously been a close ally of Julius Caesar.He was also the last Pontifex Maximus before the Roman Empire.. However, he refused to restore the power of the plebeian tribunes which had been curbed by Sulla's laws (see article on Sulla). These views are reflected in Shakespeare’s portrayal of Lepidus in Julius Caesar, in which Antony describes him as “a slight, unmeritable man, meet to be sent on errands”, comparable to a donkey required to bear burdens. Lepidus is sent to collect Caesar's will, to see if they can divert some of his money their way. Perpenna, who had joined the rebellion, went to Spain (with the remnant of the rebel forces) to avoid punishment and joined Quintus Sertorius in the Sertorian War. Brutus received a cavalry escort and withdrew to Regium Lepidi, a small town by the River Po, where he started to whip up further support for Lepidus. [10] Pompey intervened and ensured a state funeral for the late dictator. He also wrote: "Lepidus ...[missing text]... into the mountains ...[missing text]... led back his army." Caesar also made Lepidus magister equitum (“Master of the Horse”), effectively his deputy. Holland, Tom, Rubicon: The Triumph and Tragedy of the Roman Republic, Abacus, 2004, ISBN 0-349-11563-X, 316. ... Lepidus is a Senator of Rome. He was praetor in 49, governor There he rebuilt his forces and supplies and attacked merchant ships, which disrupted the grain supplies and caused hardship in Rome. Granius Licinianus wrote that Lepidus passed a corn law without opposition (it provided a corn allowance of five modii for the people) and made many other promises: to recall the exiles, to rescind the acts of Sulla, and to restore to its owners the land which had been used for military colonies. According to Plutarch, this was with the support of Pompey, who canvassed for him against the wishes of Sulla, who did not trust Lepidus. Learn. In the event of a defeat, Lepidus’ territories would provide a fall-back position. Spell. After Antony’s defeat at the Battle of Mutina, the Senate sent word that Lepidus’ troops were no longer needed. As soon as Lepidus has gone, Antony begins to talk trash about him. Antony suggests that, as a way of saving money, they examine Caesar’s will to see if they can redirect some of his funds. Caesar appears to have had greater confidence in Lepidus than in Mark Antony to keep order in Rome, after Antony’s inflammatory actions led to disturbances in 47 BC. "[27], The entry in Livy's Periochae also seems to indicate that it was Catulus who ended the conflict. Sallust wrote that Lepidus' actions led to the interrex Appius Claudius and the proconsul Catulus to be ordered to protect the city. He was appointed as a praetor in 49 BC, being placed in charge of Rome while Caesar defeated Pompey in Greece. Lucius soon withdrew from Rome and Octavian retook the city. After the defeat of Antony in 30 BC, Lepidus’ son Lepidus the Younger was involved in a conspiracy to assassinate Octavian, but the plot was discovered by Gaius Maecenas. [15], In 77 BC, when Lepidus had left for his proconsular command (he was allocated the provinces of Cisalpine and Transalpine Gaul to the north of Italy), his political opponents moved against him. Lepidus agrees to the death of his brother, and Antony agrees to the death of a nephew. 36 – 40). Quantum Future Group Inc. When Antony attempted to take control of Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy) by force and displace Decimus Brutus, the Senate led by Cicero called on Lepidus to support Brutus – one of Caesar’s killers.
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