humilis, create thick drifts of leathery foliage that suppresses weeds. Hardy. 1.5m. Evergreen. Fragrance in the winter is a real bonus to the garden and Sarcococca confusa, also known as ‘Sweet Box’, for its fragrance and in the Northern hemisphere ‘Christmas Box’, as this is when it flowers in the UK, and it is one of the best plants for winter fragrance it is from the Buxaceae family.. Landscaping Uses. Prune in spring, after flowering, if you want a more regular shape than sweet box’s dense, arching habit. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Shrub Habit/Form: Dense Rounded; Cultural Conditions: Light: Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight) Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours) Soil Drainage: Good Drainage Moist NC Region: Coastal … Sarcococca ruscifolia is like in almost every way to S. confusa. dignya has slimmer foliage. Possibly a natural hybrid, but it comes true from seed. Sarcococca confusa is also known as Sweet Box or Christmas Box. White flowers not showy, lack petals, but very fragrant, open in winter, male flowers (towards shoot tips) with cream-colored anthers, female flowers have 2-3 styles. Sarcococcas can be planted at just … It is the largest of the clan and can reach 4m-plus in height. Blue-black berries. Apparently confusa is often sold as ruscifolia, and yes, you too can be a victim of sloppy labeling. Because of its fragrant flowers, sweet box is a good choice to plant near a walkway, porch or foundation. It has shrub forms that reach up to 5 feet tall and wide, as well as 2-foot-tall groundcover forms that spread by underground rhizomes. It is unusual that female flowers on the same branch may have either 2 or 3 stigmas. Sarcococca hedging is an extremely good small hedging plant which has become increasingly popular in recent years as an alternative to Box hedging.. Sarcococca hookeriana 'Winter Gem'Yellow leaves on plants are often due to watering or nutrient deficiency.There could be several reasons why your leaves are going yellow.The trick is to differentiate between the leaves naturally going yellow and dropping off with age and there being something wrong. As a ground cover, S. ruscifolia is especially useful, … She holds a Master of Arts in linguistics from Michigan State University. Height 60cm (2ft). - 5 ft. 0 in. Leaves alternate, simple, narrow, lanceolate, 3-5 cm long, lustrous green above, light green below. The leaves are borne alternately, 3–12 cm long and 1–4 cm broad. Sarcococca (sweet box or Christmas box) is a genus of 11 species of flowering plants in the box family Buxaceae, native to eastern and southeastern Asia and the Himalayas. Producing creamy-white flowers from December to March, followed by berries. The groundcover forms, such as Sarcococca hookeriana var. Guys, There is a contrasting information on Confusa & Hookeriana in terms of "Height" and "Speed of growth". Height 1.5m (5ft). sarcococca: from sarco, flesh, and kokkos: a berry (i.e., fleshy fruit). Densely bushy shrub, with deep green glossy leaves. digyna: Purple Stem New shoots flushed purple-pink. Makes a fantastic low hedge. Sarcococca ruscifolia is a compact form with shiny oval leaves. Because of its dark green foliage, it acts as a foil for plants with brighter foliage and flowers. A densely branched evergreen shrub up to 6 ft high and as much through, with a single main stem and fibrous root-system; branchlets downy. Water Needs. A little harder to find but worth the search: Sarcococca hookeriana var. Sarcococca confusa – also a 3-5 foot tall (and about as wide) species but with black fruit. Suits dry shady sites although will grow in the sun if given enough moisture. Sarcococca confusa Sealy. The tall form (S. ruscifolia and S. confusa) get to about 2-3 feet in height and wide. By Kurlakid. digyna ‘Schillingii’ S. hookeriana ‘Winter Gem’ S. ruscifolia var. Sarcococca ruscifolia’s berries stay red, another difference between the two shrubs. Smaller than S. confusa is S. ruscifolia var. Stiff but arching stems with … An outstanding choice for dry shade gardens where other plants won't grow! Full shade. They bear fragrant white flowers, often in winter. Sarcococca hookerana is a more erect form but not that hardy in UK. Oregon State Univ. Sarcococca confusa. The short form (varieties of S. hookeriana) makes somewhat of a groundcover with underground stolons that form a clump no taller than 12 inches and can spread about 3 feet. Menu. chinensis 'Dragon Gate' will grow to be a compact, small shrub in time. family, Buxaceae, and because they have small, dark green leaves, similar to those of boxwood. West Yorkshire, United Kingdom . It will form a natural espalier if planted against a wall and takes shearing well when used for hedging. Position: partial to deep shade; Soil: moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist, well-drained soil; Rate of growth: slow-growing to average; Flowering period: December to March; Hardiness: fully hardy Sweetly scented, pure white flowers from December to March and lustrous, dark green leaves. Plant it in well-drained, acidic soil that has been amended with plenty of organic matter. Synonyms: S. humilis Hort., in part, not Stapf; S. ruscifolia var. Deer and rabbits leave sweet box alone, but the berries are attractive to birds. Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat. Sarcococca confusa: ... Sarcococca hookeriana var. Sarcococca confusa is the big, tough one of the group. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Sarcococca confusa or Sweet Box as it is often called is a wonderful evergreen shrub, it is a delight in any garden. Pretreatment given to seeds before sowing, chilling followed by heating. How to say Sarcococca confusa in English? Sarcococca ruscifolia. It is evergreen and produces elliptic taper pointed dark green leaves and grows well in many situations. S. hookeriana var. Every December we would notice a sweet fragrance, as we went in and out of the front door. Oregon State Univ. It is easy to look after, of no interest to pests and diseases, and it doesn’t need pruning. campus: northwest corner of Cordley Hall. The flowers give way to lovely, shiny fruits which change from red to black … The fruit is a red or black drupe … Flowers are flushed with plum at the base. chinensis Hort., in part, not (Franch.) Sarcococca confusa was so named because of initial confusion over its origins. Very fragrant, tiny white flowers with pink anthers from January to March, followed by tiny black berries. sweet box. Sarcococca ruscifolia’s berries stay red, another difference between the two shrubs. All have fragrant flowers. It is now thought to be a hybrid formed in cultivation. Shade, Z7 Fruit ripen a year later, at first red, then turning black, shiny, oval, 8 mm long. Luckily for me I got confusa which grows to 4 feet which was my priority. Sarcococca ruscifolia var. digyna. Planted one on the north side of our house, near the front door. A beautiful shrub for shady areas! Sarcococca hookeriana - compact, spreading, mound-forming with red berries turning black. Sarcococca Confusa vs. Hookeriana-Digyna. chinensis: Dark red berries. It is an upright shrub, typically reaching a height of from four to six feet, flowering from February to April. chinensis is a favorite with flower arrangers, with its notably long vase life. Sweet box grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 9. Planting winter box. According to Sunset Western Garden Book, S. confusa is often sold as S. ruscifolia, although they are similar in appearance, S. ruscifolia has red fruit. Search. 2 litre pot: £17.99: 2 litre pot £17.99: Quantity: in stock (shipped within 1 week) Buy. Light Needs. They are still … - 5 ft. 0 in. A splendid Chinese shrub with fairly narrow, lance-shaped dark green leaves and masses of sweetly scented white flowers in winter. S. ruscifolia typically grows 3-4 feet high and wide, but can reach a height of 5 or 6 feet with time. confusa: confused, with other species. 0 ... SARCOCOCCA ruscifolia > Commonly known as: Sweet box. campus: northwest corner of Cordley Hall. White spring flowers are small, but very fragrant. It also grows a bit larger, to 5’ x 5’. It has a divine scent of vanilla, so is ideally planted by a pathway or somewhere you can appreciate it. Varieties of Sarcococca that flower later than the standard S. confusa (which begins flowering in December) include Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis: Black berries. Christmas/ Sweet/ Fragrant Box . The most common is Sarcococca confusa, a dense, low-maintenance bush. chinensis 'Dragon Gate' is suitable in size for even the smallest of gardens and a particularly good choice of shrub for an area … Above: Sarcococca ruscifolia var. & Wils. Due to its high tolerance for shade, the Sarcococca is a … Berries develop after the flowers and ripen in late summer to early fall. It features (a) ovate, sharp-pointed, somewhat leathery, glossy deep green, evergreen leaves (to 2 1/2" long), (b) fragrant, unisexual, apetalous, creamy white flowers in tassel-like axillary … The dwarf version is especially well suited to borders, since it grows low to the ground, allowing gardeners to plant low shrubs and flowers in the areas bordered by this fragrant evergreen plant. Above: Sarcococca hookeriana var. Sarcococca ruscifolia var. Flowers are followed by long lasting black berries. Sku #7051. A low growing evergreen shrub reaching around 1.5 – 2m, this is an excellent plant … A popular Sarcococca species for gardening is Sarcococca ruscifolia, a low-growing shrub also known as fragrant sweetbox. Sweet Box comes in two basic forms for the home gardener: the tall form and short form. One of the boons of sweet box is that it flowers in February and March when little else is blooming, scenting the air around it with sweet fragrance. Genus Sarcococca are compact, sometimes suckering evergreen shrubs with simple, leathery leaves and tiny, fragrant creamy-white flowers in winter or spring, followed by red, purple or black berries which may persist into the following winter . hookeriana: Black berries. Sweet box is a valuable plant for gardeners not only because of its welcome winter blooms but because it is drought tolerant and thrives in part to full shade. Winner of the prestigious RHS Award of Garden merit. Sweetly scented, Sarcococca confusa (Sweet Box) is a terrific, winter-flowering, evergreen shrub rich of many qualities. It throws out flowers by the dozen, followed by black berries. My Burncoose. digyna. Fragrant … Light Needs. Sarcococca from Burncoose Nurseries Varieties of Sarcococca available to buy include the following: SARCOCOCCA confusa ,SARCOCOCCA hookeriana var digyna ,SARCOCOCCA hookeriana var digyna 'Purple Stem ... Plants by mail order since 1984, over 4100 plants online today! Great Plant Picks is an educational program of the Elisabeth C. Miller Botanical Garden, recommending outstanding plants for gardeners living west of the Cascade Mountains from Eugene, Oregon, USA to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. S. confusa seedlings four months from sowing. How to Keep Squirrels Out of My Flower Boxes, The Best Ground Cover Plants for Shady Areas, What Plants to Plant Near Blue Atlas Cedar, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Four Fragrant, Winter-Blooming Woodland Shrubs, Missouri Botanical Garden: Sarcococca Ruscifolia, Oregon State University Extension: Sarcococca Confusa (Buxaceae), Monrovia: Fragrant Sweet Box: Sarcococca Ruscifolia, Broadleaf Flowering Evergreen & Foundation Plants, Fast-Growing Evergreen Bushes for Landscaping. 15-40cm. Hardy to USDA Zone (6b) 7      Origin of the species is somewhat confused, thought to have been collected by Ernest H. Wilson from the wild in China about 1908, but it has not been discovered in the wild. Broadleaf evergreen, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m), densely branched, spreads by underground shoots. chinensis, which has flowers all the way up the stem, followed by red berries. Blooms are followed by bright red ornamental fruit. If they are just yellowing with age they will do it gradually whereas if something is wrong they will yellow … Pronunciation of Sarcococca confusa with 2 audio pronunciations, 1 meaning, 7 translations and more for Sarcococca confusa. Christmas box, Sarcococca confusa, is a dense, winter-flowering evergreen shrub, bearing sweetly scented, pure white blooms, in contrast with dark green leaves.It’s extremely tolerant of shade and is therefore perfect for growing in a woodland border or shady corner, where you can enjoy its heady fragrance throughout winter. I started new plants from cuttings and seed, from their berries. 1.5m. Above: Creamy-white flowers and long lasting berries of Sarcococca confusa. Sarcococca ruscifolia v. chinensis.Photograph: Robbie Blackhall-Miles In 1980 Roy Lancaster collected and subsequently introduced S. ruscifolia v. chinensis from Yunnan in China. Sarcococca confusa. Sarcococca confusa. The groundcover forms bear black berries. Sarcococca ruscifolia is a 4-5-foot tall (and about as wide) species with small black fruit that turn red in late summer when ripe. A book called "Evergreen Expert" … Sarcococca confusa has dark green elliptical leaves. humilis. Details S. ruscifolia is a small, slow-growing, evergreen shrub with glossy, oval leaves … Height to 6ft (1.8), spread to 4ft (1.2m). Family Buxaceae . ruscifolia RHS website say that both have same max height on maturity whereas some nursery websites say that Confusa grows upto 4-6 feet and Digyna grows to 3-4 feet. Width: 3 ft. 0 in. Fairly slow growing with us, Sarcococca ruscifolia var. ... (1.8), spread to 5ft (1.5m). The flowers are tiny and white and often are hidden by the evergreen foliage, but the scent can make you swoon. Her work also has appeared in “Better Homes & Gardens,” “Traditional Home,” “Outdoor Living” and other shelter magazines. Water regularly to establish a strong root system and drought tolerance. The groundcover forms bear black berries. Sarcococca confusa’s berries start red and turn black. Ruscifolia is a larger variety, reportedly growing 6-7 feet tall and wide, sporting red berries with the same flowers and fragrance. Evergreen. Height 1.5m (5ft). Small cream flowers in winter are fragrant, followed by black ornamental berries. A dwarf version of this plant known as Sarcococca humilis is also available. Rehd. Patrick Breen, The major difference is fruit color – S. ruscifolia has red berries rather than black. Sweet box is the common name for a group of evergreen shrubs and groundcovers in the Sarcococca genus. … I grew them at our place near Lynnwood, WA. Why should I plant Sarcococca hedging? The two most common shrub forms, Sarcococca confusa and Sarcococca ruscifolia, are nearly identical and often are sold as the same plant, but Sarcococca ruscifolia is slightly smaller, reaching 3 to 4 feet tall and wide and slightly less hardy, growing in USDA zones 7 through 9. Other common names fragrant sweet box . Announcing their presence with their incredible, sweet vanilla fragrance, tiny ivory-white flowers appear in late winter to early spring, somewhat hidden among the dense foliage of glossy, slightly rippled, dark green leaves. Sarcococca ruscifolia, commonly called fragrant sweetbox or fragrant sarcococca, is a dense, low-growing, sometimes suckering, broadleaf evergreen shrub with a compact habit that typically grows to 3-4' tall and as wide. They also have sweetly scented flowers, so they’re sometimes called fragrant sweet box. S. hookeriana var. The least amount of sun it gets, the better is does. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd), College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. Sarcococca Species: confusa Family: Buxaceae Country Or Region Of Origin: China Dimensions: Height: 3 ft. 0 in. Sarcococca confusa. Sarcococca confusa’s berries start red and turn black. Good cultivars include S. h. digyna. Height 90cm (3ft) Sarcococca hookeriana var. Growth Rate: Medium; Height when mature: 1.5m; Buy Online - Pot Size. Because there are few choices of flowering evergreen shrubs for shade, sweet box is especially useful for woodland gardens and as a structural plant for the shady border. Sarcococca confusa - reaches about 6 feet at maturity. It got no sunshine, no rain. Forms natural espalier against a wall. sarcococca confusa is a wonderful plant. They are slow-growing, monoecious, evergreen shrubs 1–2 m (3–7 ft) tall. Since 1981 Janet Bayers has written on travel, real estate trends and gardening for "The Oregonian" newspaper in Portland. Sarcococca hookeriana var. While there are 11 species of the evergreen, broadleaf shrub ranging from 12-inches to 6-feet in height, the two most popular varieties here in the Pacific Northwest are Sarcococca ruscifolia and S. hookeriana var. It can be used to block the view of utilities, vents and air-conditioning units. The plants get their common name because they are members of the boxwood (Buxus spp.)
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