The toothed whales (also called odontocetes, systematic name Odontoceti) are a parvorder of cetaceans that includes dolphins, porpoises, and all other whales possessing teeth, such as the beaked whales and sperm whales. Until 2012, nothing was known about this species. Southern right whale dolphin White-beaked dolphin Long-beaked common dolphins (Delphinus capensis) are one of two species of common dolphin (the other is the short-beaked common dolphin). Finless porpoise, Filed Under: Dolphins, Whales Tagged With: cetacean, dolphin, extinct, killer whale, whale. Some of these whales are so hard to find, let alone see. Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) are one of the most well-known cetacean species. Your email address will not be published. Andrew’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon bowdoini)Arnoux’s beaked whale (Berardius arnuxii)Baird’s beaked whale (Berardius bairdii)Blainville’s Beaked whale (Mesoplodon densirostris)Cuvier’s beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris)Gervais’ beaked whale (Mesoplodon europaeus)Ginkgo toothed beaked whale (Mesoplodon ginkgodens)Gray’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon grayi)Hector’s beaked whale (Mesoplodon hectori)Hubb’s Beaked whale (Mesoplodon carlhubbsi)Longman’s beaked whale (Indopac… Northern right whale dolphin Clymene dolphin They are one of two living groups of cetaceans, the other being the baleen whales (Mysticeti), which have baleen instead of teeth. Long-finned pilot whale Fraser’s dolphin So here it is, the list of baleen whales (this list does not include all sub-species and distinct populations): Bowhead whale Since I recently posted a list of baleen whales, I decided it was time to post a list of toothed whales. Males are much larger than females and may grow to about 60 feet in length, while females grow to about 36 feet. Seventy-three species of toothed whales are described. Spectacled porpoise Similar to the baleen whales, every list out there is slightly different. Males can weigh up to 56 tons. Pacific white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obliquidens) are found throughout temperate waters of the Pacific Ocean. Pygmy sperm whale Beaked Whale. Baird’s beaked whale The prehistoric-looking rough-toothed dolphin gets its name from the wrinkles on its tooth enamel. Seventy-three species of toothed whales are described. Striped dolphin They can grow to 9 feet in length and 500 pounds in weight. Dall’s porpoise Cetaceans are descended from land-dwelling hoofed mammals, and the now extinct archaeocetes represent the several transitional phases from terrestrial to completely aquatic. Peruvian beaked whale They have a gray back and lighter underside. ) The spade-toothed whale (Mesoplodon traversii) is a very little-known and the rarest species of beaked whale.It was first named from a partial jaw found on Pitt Island, New Zealand, in 1872; reported and illustrated in 1873 by James Hector, and described the next year by John Edward Gray, who named it in honor of Henry Hammersley Travers, the collector. Four-toothed whales or giant beaked whales are beaked whales in the genus Berardius. Below you can learn about some of the toothed whale species. Young Risso's dolphins are black, dark gray or brown while older Risso's may be light gray to white. Burmeister’s porpoise Franciscana dolphin (aka La Plata dolphin), Harbor porpoise Australian snubfin dolphin Yangtzee River dolphin (aka Baiji) EXTINCT Spade-toothed whale, Rough-toothed dolphin There are nearly 90 species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises in the order Cetacea, which is divided into two suborders, the Odontocetes, or toothed whales, and the Mysticetes, or toothless baleen whales. The spade-toothed whale was seen for the first time after a mother and her male calf died on a New Zealand beach. Long-finned pilot whales are found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, plus the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Dolphin, any of the toothed whales belonging to the mammal family Delphinidae (oceanic dolphins) as well as the families Platanistidae and Iniidae, the two that contain the river dolphins. What Is the Delphinidae Family of Animals? This section will provide you with a huge list of marine mammals including Cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises), Fissipeds (polar bears and otters), Pinnipeds (seals, fur seals, sea lions and walruses) and Sirenians (manatees and dugongs). I wonder how many individuals have seen, photographed and documented all these cetaceans in the wild. It is thickset and has small paddlelike flippers and a series of rounded humps on its back. In Ridgway, S. H. & Harrison, R. eds, River Dolphins and the Larger Toothed Whales 4, Handbook of Marine Mammals, Academic Press, San Diego, 261–288 (1989). They include dolphins, some of the world's most intelligent and social animals. Pantropical spotted dolphin The Society for Marine Mammalogy has created an extensive list of cetacean species (see below). Of the nearly 40 species of dolphins in the Delphinidae, 6 are commonly called whales, including the killer whale and the… History at your fingertips Blainville’s Beaked whale Ocean Wild Things | Copyright ©2020 | All Rights Reserved. It is divided into toothed whales and baleen whales, which diverged from each other some time in the Eocene 26 to 17 million years ago. All whales (great and small) are listed in CITES Appendices, meaning that international trade in … It is dark blue-gray or brownish, with white patches on the belly. Straptoothed whale What an impressive list. Cetacea is an infraorder that comprises the 89 species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises. Cuvier’s beaked whale So here it is, a list of toothed whales: Sperm whale Pygmy sperm whale Dwarf sperm whale. Stejneger’s beaked whale Irrawaddy dolphin Intense noise, particularly that from sonar, has been shown to cause panic, rapid ascent and subsequent death due to decompression sickness in a number of beaked whale species. These dolphins can grow to 12 feet in length and 1,400 pounds in weight. Jennifer Kennedy, M.S., is an environmental educator specializing in marine life. Atlantic spotted dolphin Gray’s beaked whale A species to top the list of the endangered species of whale is Southern Resident Killer Whale. Chinese white dolphin (aka Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin) Amazon River dolphin Once endangered species due to a whale hunting industry whales are among the largest sea animals, with the blue whale being the largest animal known to have ever existed. Another obvious difference between baleen and toothed whales is the number of blowholes on top of their head; baleen whales have two whereas toothed whales have one. Like their larger namesake, they are stocky with a squarish head. Hubb’s Beaked whale Atlantic white-sided dolphin The skin of these dolphins lightens as they age. The other toothed whales are summarized with the term "small cetaceans". are white whales that can grow to 13-16 feet in length and up to 3,500 pounds in weight. Chilean dolphin Then I started flipping through all my whale books and wouldn’t you know it, every list is slightly different. Here's the list … Long-beaked common dolphins grow to about 8.5 feet in length and 500 pounds in weight. Perrin’s beaked whale There are only 14 baleen whale species and they are generally larger than the 76 species of toothed whales – except for the mighty sperm whale, the largest toothed whale. Long-beaked common dolphin are one of the most well-known cetacean species. The sperm whale is a toothed whale. Southern bottlenose whale Ginkgotoothed beaked whale I have written a short introduction to each family and a list of species in that family. Sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus) are the largest toothed whale species. So I decided to stick with the list in the marine mammal bible, the Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. These whales were made famous by Herman Melville's book Moby Dick. The pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps) is fairly small - adults can grow up to about 10 feet in length and 900 pounds in weight. They live in the temperate and subarctic waters of the Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and Black Sea. Spinner dolphin False killer whale Pygmy killer whale The global UNEP Convention on Migratory Species currently covers seven toothed whale species or populations on its Appendix I and 37 species or populations on Appendix II. Dwarf sperm whale, Arnoux’s beaked whale Toothed whale, (suborder Odontoceti), any of the odontocete cetaceans, including the oceanic dolphins, river dolphins, porpoises, pilot whales, beaked whales, and bottlenose whales, as well as the killer whale, sperm whale, narwhal, and beluga whale. , […] wild things: List of toothed whales Related Posts:Baleen WhalesPorpoise FactsMinke Whale FactsWhat is a Marine Mammal?Dolphin Facts […], Your email address will not be published. The strikingly-colored Commerson's dolphin includes two subspecies - one lives off South America and the Falkland Islands, while the other lives in the Indian Ocean. In fact, it is the rarest species of beaked whale. Arnoux's and Baird's beaked whales are so similar that researchers have debated … Of these, 72 are Odontocetes or toothed whales. Killer whales can grow up to 32 feet (males) or 27 feet (females), and weigh up to 11 tons. Costero dolphin (aka Guyana dolphin) U.S. Spade-toothed beaked whale is currently an insufficiently explored species, since the animal has never been seen in the wild. Heaviside’s dolphin The ancestors of present-day odontocetes … It is the largest of the toothed whales—also called odontocetes—reaching a length of … Their whistles, chirps, clicks and squeaks could be heard by sailors through boat hulls and on the water, causing them to nickname these whales "sea canaries.". Scientists studied two specimens in New Zealand in 2010 after the whales became stranded. Rough-toothed dolphins are found in deep, warm temperate and tropical waters around the world. These dolphins can grow to 12 feet in length and 1,400 pounds in weight. They have a unique "hourglass" pigmentation made up of dark gray, light gray, white and yellow coloration. Unlike the other great whales on the endangered species list, the sperm whale is a toothed whale. Hector’s dolphin Sowerby’s beaked whale Many of these listings are controversial and not universally accepted by researchers because they are based solely on DNA samples. They are found primarily in deep, offshore temperate waters. Orca (aka killer whale) Since then, more species have been listed in the IUCN Red List as Vulnerable and Nearly Threatended, while the Baiji river dolphin, which used to live in the Yangtze River, is now probably extinct. They have a gray back and lighter underside. ) Commerson’s dolphin They include Arnoux's beaked whale in cold Southern Hemisphere waters, and Baird's beaked whale in the cold temperate waters of the North Pacific. They may be found in large groups. The sperm whale, which can grow up to 20 metres long, is the only "large" toothed whale. Like the short-finned pilot whale, they have rounded heads and dark skin. These porpoises live in the northern Gulf of California off Mexico's Baja Peninsula, and are one of the most endangered cetaceans - only about 250 remain. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. These remains suggest skull morphology, which is very similar to that of the strap-toothed beaked whale. There are 73 species of toothed whale.As well as whales such as sperm whales, beaked whales, narwhal and beluga, the group also contains dolphins and porpoises.. Tucuxi dolphin Hourglass dolphin Andrew’s beaked whale Harbor porpoises are toothed whales that are about 4-6 feet long. Various species of toothed whale are known to eat everything from numerous species of fish, squid, octopus and crustaceans to marine animals such as sharks, penguins, seals and sea lions, as well as other cetaceans such as whales, dolphins and porpoises (primarily hunted by killer whales). The two groups are thought to have diverged around 34 million years ago (mya). Dusky dolphin They have dark skin, rounded heads, and large dorsal fins. It belongs to the killer whale or orca (Orcinus orca), a toothed whale of the oceanic dolphin family. Rarest species: the spade-toothed whale. Northern bottlenose whale All available information about this species comes from skeletal remains, consisting of two skulls and one jawbone. The Spade-toothed whale is a very little-known species of whales. There are currently 86 recognized species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises. Sperm whale Today, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 14 of the 89 extant species of cetaceans as Endangered or Critically Endangered, including five endangered whale species… Sperm whales have large, square heads and 20-26 conical teeth on each side of its lower jaw. Spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris) get their name from their unique leaping and spinning behavior, that can involve at least 4 body revolutions. Arnoux’s beaked whale Baird’s beaked whale Cuvier’s beaked whale Shepherd’s beaked whale Northern bottlenose whale Southern bottlenose whale Longman’s beaked whale Sowerby’s beaked whale Andrew’s beaked whale Hubb’s Beaked whale Blainville’s Beaked whale Gervais’ beaked whale Ginkgotoothed beaked … These small dolphins are about 4-5 feet long. She serves as the executive director of the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation. Sperm whale, the largest of the toothed whales, easily recognized by its enormous square head and narrow lower jaw. Melon-headed whale There are Baleen Whales and Toothed Whales. Atlantic white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus acutus) are strikingly-colored dolphins that live in temperate waters of the North Atlantic Ocean. Males are much larger than females and may grow to about 60 feet in length, while females grow to about 36 feet. Gervais’ beaked whale Short-finned pilot whales are found in deep, tropical and subtropical waters around the world. Spade-toothed Whale. Fish & Wildlife Service put this species as the only killer whale in endangered list. Here are profiles of 19 Cetaceans, which differ greatly in … Peale’s dolphin The list compiled below is based on information in the Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, the Guide to Marine Mammals of the World and Wikipedia. Bottlenose dolphin Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Sperm whales have large, square heads and 20-26 conical teeth on each side of its lower jaw. Indian ocean bottlenose dolphin Ganges River dolphin Risso's dolphins are a medium-sized toothed whale that have stout bodies and a tall, falcate dorsal fin. Vaquita [Most endangered cetacean in the world] The vaquita, also known as the Gulf of California harbor porpoise or cochito (Phocoena sinus) is one of the smallest cetaceans, and has one of the smallest home ranges. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Vaquita/Gulf of California Harbor Porpoise/Cochito. Toothed whales make up the scientific suborder Ondontoceti, which includes an impressive list of species. Expand: Hector's beaked whale, Ginkgo-toothed beaked whale, Shepherd's beaked whale, Archaeoceti, Cumberland Sound beluga, Blubber, Baiji, Humpback dolphin, Amazon river dolphin; Verify: Spinner dolphin, Whale, Dolphin, Cetacea; Stubs: Bolivian river dolphin (new species), Cephalorhynchus; Images: Pictures of the baiji are wanted. Shepherd’s beaked whale They can grow to about 8 feet in length and 400 pounds in weight. They have tall dorsal fins - the male's dorsal fin can grow as tall as 6 feet tall. In most cases, the Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals was the final say when there were any discrepancies. Odontocetes: the toothed whales: Distribution, Behaviour, Migration and Threats The conservation status of the toothed whales has worsened dramatically since 2001. Most Odontoceti, or toothed whales, are considerably smaller. Please look through the list and click on the marine mammal you are interested in learning more about. The Sperm Whale is the largest toothed whale in existence, getting to be an average of 67 feet in length (20.5 meters). There are only 14 baleen whale species and they are generally larger than the 76 species of toothed whales – except for the mighty sperm whale, the largest toothed whale. Whale, Dolphin, or Porpoise - Characteristics of Different Cetaceans, Differences Between Baleen and Toothed Whales, Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, 10 Facts You Should Know About Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, The Best Way to Watch Whales from Shore on Cape Cod, The Beluga Whale, the Little Whale That Loves to Sing, Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation, M.S., Resource Administration and Management, University of New Hampshire, B.S., Natural Resources, Cornell University. These dolphins grow to about 7 feet in length and 170 pounds, and are found in tropical and subtropical oceans around the world. Short-finned pilot whale We know very little about this species that was only properly described a few years ago. Toothed whales often gather in large groups, called pods, and sometimes these groups are made up of related individuals. Short-beaked common dolphin Note: More Marine Mammals will be added as they They have a striking black, white and gray coloration that is quite different from the similarly-named Atlantic white-sided dolphin. Pilot whales tend to gather in large pods and may mass strand. WOW awesome report i got an A+ for my report thancks for the list!!!!!!! The specific name reflects the smallest body size of physically mature individuals of this species compared with the other Berardius species. These whales were made famous by Herman Melville's book Moby Dick. Short-beaked common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) are a wide-ranging dolphin that is found throughout the temperate waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. THE TOOTHED WHALES The 72 species of toothed whales are listed below by the categories of threat of the IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesTM Lipotes vexillifer Baiji (CR/EX) Phocoena sinus Vaquita (CR) Cephalorhynchus hectori Hector‘s dolphin (EN) Orcaella brevirostris Irrawaddy dolphin (VU) New Zealand North Island subspecies C. h. maui (CR) Required fields are marked *. Pacific white-sided dolphin, Indus River dolphin Sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus) are the largest toothed whale species. Hector’s beaked whale Longman’s beaked whale True’s beaked whale This is where most of our data about this species comes from. Strap-toothed beaked whales have not been commercially hunted, however it is at risk from entanglement and disturbance from anthropogenic noise. The world's 82 types of whales are mainly divided into two groups deriving from their food and eating habits, and consequently, their anatomy. The toothed whales (systematic name Odontoceti) form a parvorder of the artiodactyl infraorder Cetacea, including sperm whales, beaked whales, dolphins, and porpoises.As the name suggests, the parvorder is characterized by the presence of teeth rather than the baleen of other whales. Risso’s dolphin Part of the beaked-whale family, it has never been seen alive. It has been said that this whale species may have decreased in overall size due to the large amount of whaling in the past. This means that when zoologists refer to ‘toothed whales’, they might be referring to dolphins and porpoises, as well as to animals such as sperm whales and beaked whales. Orcas or killer whales (Orcinus orca) may also be known as "Shamu" due to their popularity as an attraction at marine parks like SeaWorld. These whales are easily identified by their striking black-and-white coloration. Despite their name, there has never been a report of a killer whale attacking a human in the wild. There is great disagreement among taxonomists as to what criteria, if any, constitutes a separate species, sub-species, race or variation. A third species, Berardius minimus, was distinguished from B. bairdii in the 2010s.
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