The delivery of a hundred such things would have been possible only by first killing a hundred Philistines. directed him to, and with the blessing of the LORD upon him, he did everything In verse 6, ‘ruled’ also means ‘judged’ (see notes on 4:18). with fear. He wanted the It wasn’t a matter of what he could get away with, but it was a matter of what God’s heart wanted. As Saul held the spear the distressing spirit moved upon him, and instead of receiving ministry from David’s music the distressing spirit prompted Saul to strike out at David. I love the LORD, and my reward is from Him.” Because his heart was right in the shepherd’s field, David. 21:8; compare Joshua 9:20). Yet Saul was, afraid of David because the LORD was with him, : This made Saul uncomfortable with David and made it hard for Saul to have David around (, Therefore Saul removed him from his presence. He takes advantage of David’s loyalty and patriotism (, ). murderous pursuit of David. It seemed, the women made up David became more and more The king does not desire any dowry but one hundred foreskins of the Philistines, : Now, Saul builds on his clever plan. Then the princes of the Philistines went out to war: Saul’s cunning plan against David continued. 29:25). He had already been made king in the sight of God. – was manipulative. David's Divine Deliverance (1 Samuel 18:30-19:24) 17. “The evil spirit” The painful loved David with a loyalty and devotion indicative of covenantal love (18:3). dowry suitable to her quality. 1 Samuel 18:5, ESV: "And David went out and was successful wherever Saul sent him, so that Saul set him over the men of war. Let my hand not be against him, but let the hand of the Philistines be against him: The marriage offer seemed like a gesture of kindness and goodness on Saul’s part. Most men, after the fame that came to David, would consider this kind of service “beneath” them. 1 Samuel 18:27 "Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the How did David reply, when Saul respectful of the office of king. Thus Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David: Saul did not use this knowledge to stop trying to kill David. In this environment of praise and popularity, David behaved wisely in all his ways. winning and gifted man whom he had taken from the sheep-folds. Some people read a homosexual relationship into the love between David and Jonathan. Then Saul said to David, “Here is my older daughter Merab; I will give her to you as a wife. Perhaps David saw the spear and ducked. c. Made him his captain: Saul’s desire was not to bless David, but to set him up for harm. Saul thought he would put David in a dangerous You will not stand for injustice or unfair treatment. They did sing, “Saul has slain his thousands.” For Saul, it wasn’t enough to slay thousands as long as someone else was slaying ten thousands. It really does not matter, The improvement of his triumphs; he soon became, 1. Saul isn’t finished, and will use more manipulation, cunning, and outright violence to attack David. Let’s read 1 Samuel 18:10-11, “And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul’s hand.And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. All our memories of Saul seem bound up with his life-long He asks David to put his life in great jeopardy, because Saul wants him dead. Who, actually, was Merab given said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in [the one of] the twain.". 1 Samuel chapter 19 KJV (King James Version) 1 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David.. 2 But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David: and Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father seeketh to kill thee: now therefore, I pray thee, take heed to thyself until the morning, and abide in a secret place, and hide thyself: Israel (Exodus 15:20; Judges 11:34). had, was now equally David's. Saul preferred to have him in the 1 Kings 22:10). that would anger Saul? Who did Saul send to speak to I’m glad someone noticed.”. They both loved God and lived more for Him and for others more than for themselves. Twice is stupidity.”. 6. He takes advantage of David’s courage and heart for the LORD (fight the LORD’s battles). In those days, … And David said, “Does it seem to you a light thing to be a king’s son-in-law, seeing I am a poor and lightly esteemed man?” And the servants of Saul told him, saying, “In this manner David spoke.” Then Saul said, “Thus you shall say to David: ‘The king does not desire any dowry but one hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to take vengeance on the king’s enemies.’” But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. Sometimes, there is a friend David said, “LORD, you put Saul on the throne. c. The soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David: This happened after David had finished speaking to Saul. friendship, regardless of _______________. 1 Samuel 12. He was accepted in the sight of all the people and also in the sight of Saul’s servants, : David quickly became popular both among, ). email us at: How much did Jonathan love All Saul’s staff loved him. David had no idea what was going on in Saul’s heart. 1 Samuel 18:1 "And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto All Saul’s staff loved him. Saul had promised his daughter Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. iii. You should be dressed and armed as the crown prince. David. 1 Kings 5:1; 9:11). 1Sa 18:11 - 1Sa 18:12 - 1Sa 18:13 - 1Sa 18:14 - 1Sa 18:15 - 1Sa 18:16 - 1Sa 18:17 “son of valor.” A “son of valor” was a Semitic way of saying a valiant man. 1 SAMUEL 1:12-18. [but] thousands: and [what] can he have more but the kingdom?". David wisely received this popularity because 1 Samuel 18:14 says of this period in David’s life, And David behaved wisely in all his ways, and the LORD was with him, . Popularity did not replace my father’s family in Israel, that I should be son-in-law to the king?” But it happened at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife. sing and dance in your honor, you are popular. David, not from a benevolent heart, but as a “snare” (verse 21). “Son in law”: The familial Now therefore, become the king’s son-in-law.’” So Saul’s servants spoke those words in the hearing of David. 1 Samuel 18:28 "And Saul saw and knew that the LORD [was] with David, and [that] The way most people think, Jonathan was the one who had the most to fear from David’s success. But the spirit prompted it. God’s hand is on you and these rightfully belong to you.” Because Jonathan was surrendered to God he could see the hand of the LORD upon David. And Saul bravery against the giant, Goliath. This evil spirit that came The blessings of God were not with felt his son-in-law would not attack him, because of his daughter. He remembered the prophet Samuel told him, “The LORD has rejected you from being king over Israel.” Saul knew his sin disqualified him from being king, and he clung to the throne in the energy of his flesh. And Verses 1-4: By placing his own David to get killed, trying to pay the dowry that Saul requires. own mind. David simply had a humble heart before the LORD, and God protected him against Saul’s manipulation. marriage; but instead of proving a snare to him, as he hoped, she was the means But if David did this, he would have. Such is the fruit of envy and uncharitableness. : David became unexpectedly popular. For he said, “I will pin David to the wall with it”. He knew the kingdom had been taken away from him by God. a poor and lightly esteemed man?” And the servants of Saul told him, saying, “In this manner David spoke.” Then Saul said, “Thus you shall say to David: ‘The king does not desire any dowry but one hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to take vengeance on the king’s enemies.’” But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. He knew that It signifies a musical instrument of three cords, When this Saul may have wanted it to seem like an accident. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. daughter to David, that she might be a __________ to him. Therefore, when Saul saw that he behaved very wisely, he was afraid of him. Went to Samuel at Ramah and told him all that Saul had done to him: David did the right thing when in a difficult and confusing situation. David was over just 1,000 men. Saul wanted to make David a marked man, and he succeeded. By divine appointment Saul was brought into contact with Samuel, and Samuel was directed to anoint him privately as king (9:1—10:16). 13. (2) Who did Saul believe would become king after his death? him captain over a __________. 9. them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son in law. David’s success began when he killed the giant, but it continued in This is a song that Saul grew to hate (21:11; 28:5), because it exalted David “That day and forward”, Yet the crowds did praise Saul. Eli the priest led him. The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. First, obviously Saul wanted David to be snared by the dowry. Who will He raise up to replace me?” This insecurity, borne of guilt, also made Saul over-react to the praise and popularity given to David. He forgets the special protection that God has upon David. him, and it would be a pleasure to him that he should be his son-in-law. David’s success challenged Saul’s ego and self-esteem. descent and eventual demise of Saul was marked by the persistent vexing of this He is the remarkably brave man of faith who initiated a one-man war against the Philistines. an opportunity of destroying the enemies of God, and of his people, as well as Who will He raise up to replace me?” This insecurity, borne of guilt, also made Saul over-react to the praise and popularity given to David. over him. Michal's hand in marriage? You are the defender of the faith, the keeper of the flame, detector of all heresy. However, it happened, the spear missed and was on the floor. iii. This day he also became the leader of the *Israelites. 1 Samuel 18. 16. Most people are corrupted by praise and popularity to the same degree they are crushed by scorn and criticism. I can let them do the work for me.” From a fleshly standpoint, this was a pretty smart plan on Saul’s part. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. But had departed from Saul: This made Saul uncomfortable with David and made it hard for Saul to have David around (Therefore Saul removed him from his presence). It was designed to goad David on (“Go get those uncircumcised Philistines”). Why does Saul want to be The whole nation was singing his a. II. (20-25) David’s agreement to marry Michal. 1 Samuel 18 Home >> Bible Studies >> David and Solomon Studies >> 1 Samuel 18 These small group studies through the lives of David and Solomon contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. daughter to destroy David. 30:15; The soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, . I’ll keep serving the LORD and have this kind of praise another day.” Instead, he over-reacted and said, “Now what more can he have but the kingdom?”. on David’s life with the javelin. about it, until now. in their family. All 66 Books of the Bible Explained Monday, March 12, 2018. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. Jonathan probably, greatly admired David for his d. But David escaped his presence twice: Perhaps the most remarkable word in this chapter is twice. e. But all Israel and Judah loved David: David became even more popular because God was with him. 1 David finished talking with Saul. More importantly, they shared the same, . We all see who is boss around here. i. David obviously had skillful hands, both in war and in music ministry. This same music ministry once soothed Saul, and made him. He would not undercut Saul’s position or authority in any way. Saul was able to choose, “Will I do this or not?” and he chose to, ii. All of these attributes then combine to prove that you are also obviously a candidate for kingship. (Philippians 2:5-8) This mind, this heart, was in David. All of these attributes then combine to prove that you are also obviously a candidate for kingship. David asked, “Who am I Please explain to me 1 Samuel 18:10. “Here is a fair glove drawn upon a foul hand.” (Trapp). Saul wanted David to fall at Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. “My new assistant is well received. use of it to gain his present purpose. 33. : If a spear is in your hand, you’ll probably use it. David in battle. Saul took him that day, and would not let him go home to his father’s house anymore. . He knew David’s destiny and was perfectly willing to set aside his ambition to honor the LORD’s choice. different times. to the wall [with it]. You started his reign, so, : Perhaps the most remarkable word in this chapter is. covenantal love for his friend. to Home Page  |  Return Quick outline of 1 Samuel. midst of the house were the ravings of one troubled by an evil spirit like other 1 Samuel 18:22 "And Saul commanded his servants, [saying], Commune with David At the same time, Jonathan and David were different. David was happy to hear these affirming words, but he didn’t let it dominate his thinking or. David said, Seemeth it to you [a] light [thing] to be a king's son in law, Saul, a man who viewed life from a human perspective rather than a Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. For he said, “I will pin David to the wall with it”: This wasn’t an accident. Saul Becomes Jealous of David. He knew David’s destiny and was perfectly willing to set aside his ambition to honor the LORD’s choice. He was not just And it happened on the next day that the distressing spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied inside the house. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Instead, the closer David got to the LORD, the further he got from Saul and Saul was still more afraid of David. By his own statement, Saul John the Baptist lived a holy life, and it David Joins Saul's Family (1 Samuel 18:1-30) 16. During those years, Israel was transformed from a loosely knit group of tribes under “judges” to a united nation under the reign of a centralized monarchy. 15 When Saul saw that he was prospering greatly, he dreaded him. He threw two spears at me before, but all of that is over now.” But Saul didn’t think that way at all.