Please share your experience with us. As you can see, there’s plenty to consider when evaluating the best and worst types of firewood. These woods tend to be hardwoods, such as hickory or ash, rather than softwoods, such as pine and cedar. Also, what constitutes the “best” firewood varies depending on its planned use. Hickory – Hickory is of similar quality and density to Oak, making it another great option. It just generally burns poorly. Seasoning firewood: If steam bubbles and hisses out of the end grain as the firewood heats up on the fire, the wood is wet, or green, and needs to be seasoned longer before burning. A stove loaded with oak or tamarack at bedtime can still be going when you get up in the morning. Therefore, the best types of firewood for a wood stove or fireplace burn hot and relatively steadily, producing more heat and, typically, burning more completely. Some people use a moisture meter to know when the right moisture level is reached. Published: 30 Jun 2020. Just last year some of his posts could still be seen along fence rows. The answer depends on where you live and what you have available in your region of the world. Ask the people who know trees best and they'll tell you not to grow trees for firewood. The moisture in green wood causes creosote to build up at an alarming rate. Take the guesswork out of burning wood for heat and cooking with the best firewood tips to help your burn efficiently and effectively, including a firewood BTU chart that you can reference as you stock your woodshed. Firewood has two categories: hardwood and softwood, but don’t let the names fool you! Words: Nadene Hall Eric Cairns has dedicated his life to growing trees. Approach to How to Make Compost. When you split it you will find it brittle with cracks running through each piece. Ask the people who know trees best and they'll tell you not to grow trees for firewood. Finally, trees are not just lumber and firewood. There are a variety of species of Cedar trees but two of the most common are the Eastern Red Cedar and the Western Red Cedar. If the wood you are using is wet, or green, the fire will smolder. The wood from these trees extremely strong and dense, and it’s this density that makes it one of the best at producing a large amount of heat. I learned to be a steward of the land and not just a consumer. It’s hard to top the cozy feeling generated by the sight, sound and smell of a wood fire burning in the fireplace on a cold winter night, sending warmth through your house as the firewood crackles and the fire creates an ever-changing display of hypnotizing patterns that can entertain for hours on end. Copyright © 2020 EG Media Investments LLC. With that size chainsaw, you can cut down average size trees and slice it up into useable firewood pieces without having to grab another tool. Best Trees for Firewood Guide. I’ve seen it $300 a cord of hardwood compared to $225-$250 for a cord of softwood. From pohutukawa in the lower North Island, to eucalyptus in Central Otago, here are some of the best firewood trees by region. It is mostly the density and moisture content that influence its behaviour in the fire and its value as firewood. Hickory trees are among the very best for firewood due to their unique blend of strength, stiffness and hardness. Well-seasoned firewood generally has darkened ends with visible cracks or splits. Green Vs. Dry Wood - Firewood should be dried (seasoned) to 10% to 20% moisture content for best burning performance. For the money, it’s one of the most affordable and toughest 20-inch chainsaws for cutting firewood out of thicker trees. Oak is also very plentiful … Trees that have imperfections or are short and have a lot of limbs may not be the best choice for lumber, but they can make great maple firewood. Overall, Cedar firewood is on the low end when you are ranking best firewoods in terms of heat produced. I wish I had access to more of it!) Your email address will not be published. So what makes the best trees for firewood? These woods tend to be hardwoods, such as hickory or ash, rather than softwoods, such as pine and cedar. We select cut only the lesser grade trees on our property for firewood. Check out CentralBoiler.com to see all the benefits of using an outdoor wood furnace! This meant replanting of trees when you’ve harvested for wood. White ash, sugar maple and birch trees also produce excellent firewood, albeit not quite as good as oak and hickory. Oak is a dense hardwood available throughout most regions of North America. Firewood BTUs. Today there is a renewed interest in the heritage fruits, especially apple varieties … Some day, whoever harvests the timber will be able to buy their firewood for a few years. So, what are the best logs for a wood burning stove? Also known as the Silver Poplar because its leaves have a white felted underside. While I would rank this lowest on my list of best trees for firewood, I would also like to point out that it is one of the most inflammable you can ever find. Some people say it doesn’t matter what kind of wood you burn in a wood burner as long as it is seasoned properly. You’ll find it easy to light and split. Fell your firewood tree in late winter, at least four weeks before bud burst. The long-time Tree Crops expert planted most of his block in specialty timber trees, which means he also gets a range of beautiful firewood thanks to thinning and windfall branches. Best Firewood to burn chart UK. Green firewood only gives off about 40% of the energy of dry firewood. He had to move his syrup mill and sugar cane plot because of his crop rotation. They grew all around us and he was careful about the age and location of the trees he harvested. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. He was a logger before he was married and logged, as well as farmed, most all his life. Beech Trees: The American beech tree is a native hardwood that produces excellent heat. How to Coppice Trees for Sustainable Firewood. It is difficult to split, but once split, it is one of the best fire woods out there. Please let us know a convenient time to call you on, (*All time slots are available in CDT zone.). Ash is one of the best overall choices, favored for its user-friendly nature. They also produce long-lasting fires and coal beds. Best Trees for Firewood Guide. Required fields are marked *. A cord of firewood is equal to 128 cubic feet of wood. They can grow to over 150 feet, but are typically seen somewhere between 70 and 100 feet tall with trunk diameters ranging from 3 to 6 feet. Not surprisingly, the same density and durability that makes black locust good for fence posts also makes it among the best firewood trees. Burning firewood, otherwise known as "cord" wood, also releases a comparable amount of gas to trees rotting naturally in a forest and does not harm the environment. Black, yellow and white birch are the most common, with the latter variety being the most recognizable with its paper-like bark. It's considered a fast-growing weedy tree in landscapes but is a suitable tree for firewood production. Best Firewood Types to Use. Surprisingly, some of the best trees for firewood are native to our area! Common varieties of Cedar trees used for firewood. It is relatively lightweight and makes a sharp, distinctive “clink” when two pieces strike each other. Use this handy calculator from Central Boiler to estimate, cost, financing and more! Whether you’re cooking on a wood stove, heating the house with a wood burner or using a wood stove water heat exchange, not all wood is created equal for any given task on the homestead. The wood from these oak trees is prized for its strength and density, and that density makes it one of the best at producing heat. Your email address will not be published. While growing a large number of trees for energy would not normally be feasible in an urban environment, there are nevertheless many thousands of farms and rural holdings where this can be easily achieved. Firewood trees can be grown on hills too steep for pastures, or they can be planted in areas that are too swampy for grazing. White birch also produces the least amount of heat (BTU’s) per cord. So, if you don’t have that size tool in your shed, check out my best 16 inch chainsaw reviews to find a good deal. I discovered many 50 to 60 foot tall trees , straight with few limbs , and 12" to 15" and more at the base . Is there a particular species in your region which makes the best trees for firewood? Birch – The bark is very flammable on a large amount of mature Birch trees, making it a great fire starter. If, on the other hand, your main interest is creating a fire to add ambience and atmosphere to a winter evening, you might be fine with a lower-quality wood. For the landowner, one of the best pest control measures is to remove the infected or diseased tree and then destroy the wood. These are just a few of the best trees for firewood. Birch: There are many varieties within the birch family of trees. To help you avoid this, here are some tips to help with your firewood selection. 1. WHEN'S THE BEST TIME TO HARVEST THE TREES? The USDA has said that even though there are stronger types of wood than hickory, it provides a rare blend of strength, hardness, and stiffness that no other commercially available wood can offer. As their “softwood” nickname implies, coniferous trees usually have softer, less-dense wood than deciduous trees, which have leaves, meaning softwoods provide less fuel for the fire and usually produce less heat. Whether you use oak, hickory, maple, cherry or any other variety, it’s important to remember that dry, seasoned firewood burns better than green, unseasoned firewood. There seems to be a prevailing attitude that cutting down (and thus killing) a full grown tree is the best way to serve mankind. Some deciduous trees also don’t make good firewood. If you purchase your firewood, you want to be sure the wood you’re buying has been seasoned for at least a year and stored in a way which keeps the moisture from soaking back in every time it rains. Dense hardwoods like maple and oak have a higher energy content per cord and so release more heat per firebox load. There is error while submitting your request. The wood of hemlock trees (not to be confused with the poisonous plant of the same name) features extremely hard knots that make the trees difficult to split into burnable logs. My great-grandfather used practically all the cedars on his farm to make fence posts, wooden gates and out buildings. It is mostly the density and moisture content that influence its behaviour in the fire and its value as firewood. We love them for many purposes: shade, ornamentals, lumber, firewood and syrup. Seasoned wood looks dark, or gray when compared to green wood of the same kind. With that established, here are a handful of trees stand above all others when it comes to producing quality firewood. Now that you know what are the best trees for firewood, here are some tips on seasoning and burning that wood. Nut bearing trees like oak and hickory are hardwood and very desirable as firewood as they burn cleaner and longer. Of course, he’s gone now, but the trees are there, large and strong. I would include the oaks that grow well in your area. One big mistake that most people make is selecting the wrong firewood for their stove or open fire. Wood is a viable energy source that is virtually carbon neutral and also a cost-effective heat source for many homes. In other areas, you’ll have a greater supply of softwoods. I wish I had access to more of it!) Trees for firewood can be planted initially as shelter belts, and in those out-of-the-way places on farms, the areas where tractors can't readily reach. Beech Trees: The American beech tree is a native hardwood that produces excellent heat. The best trees for firewood tend to have several traits in common. I remember helping him plant the old section in new trees. Wood must be split into pieces and stacked out of the rain for at least six months to season properly. Eastern Red Cedar, sometimes called the Eastern Juniper, is found primarily along the eastern coast the United States. These are just a few of the best trees for firewood. Firewood from this tree produces red-hot fire and can continue burning for a while. Your choice should take into account the soil type, acidity and moisture content, the topography of your site and the prevailing microclimate (wind direction, sun and shade). Creosote can stick to the walls of your chimney and become a fire hazard. The wood from the hickory family of trees, which includes pecan trees, is also very dense and prized for use as firewood, being of similar quality to oak. White Poplar is a massive tree and can grow to over 100 feet tall. The long-time Tree Crops expert planted most of his block in specialty timber trees, which means he also gets a range of beautiful firewood thanks to thinning and windfall branches. For evergreen I would probably choose Norway Pine (actually native, poorly chosen name). The … Hickory. The Best & Worst Trees For Firewood Nothing makes you feel as warm and cozy as a roaring fire on a cold winter day. 5 Best Firewood Options. Oak: Known for its long, slow burns, oak is likely the best firewood wood. Required fields are marked *. Softwoods, when properly stored, should be dry enough after one year to burn efficiently. Typically firewood is cut into 16 inch lengths and is tightly stacked in three rows, 4 feet high and 8 feet long, totaling 128 cubic feet. Choose The Right Coop & Run For Your Chickens, 3 Recipes For Homemade Holiday Chicken Treats, Build This DIY Weasel Box To Keep Your Hens Safe, 6 Christmas Gift Ideas For Farmers In 2020, Recipe: Cinnamon & Sugar Brioche Is A Rich, Tender Treat. Our experts will call you on your preferred time. X-Torq Engine uses less fuel and produces lower emissions; Equipped with SmartStart. The best firewood for wood burning stoves. The faster the creosote builds up in your chimney the more often you must clean out the stove and chimney. Home / News / Best Firewood to burn chart UK. All in all, it’s one of the best burning trees you can find. All trees take in water, which means that when logs are cut they contain a certain amount of moisture. As winter approaches, re-stocking your firewood supplies is on the agenda. All wood is chemically similar, regardless of species. This way you have an easy-to-start fire which will continue to produce a long lasting heat and bed of coals for many hours. By GRIT staff. (For more on saving time and effort splitting wood, see our Beginning Farmer’s Guide to Log Splitters.) All of us who live off of renewable energy have to know what are the best trees for firewood. Ash is one of the few woods that can be burned unseasoned, although seasoned is better. Conditions: Dry-moist soils (not wet), will tolerate humidity, frost, … The thing is there are a lot of trees to choose from and also lots of things to consider before you are just about ready to put your feet up and enjoy the warm cozy glow of … The following example illustrates how coppice firewood production stacks up against trees of seed origin. Ash Trees: Both the green and white ash – two native species – make great firewood. Black maple tree firewood . Tree health and quality: Solid, healthy trees with attractive wood grains sell for higher prices than low-quality or damaged trees. (And to help you avoid the risk of chimney fires, read how to manage and minimize creosote buildup in your chimney.). Common varieties of Poplar trees used for firewood. Even if you get hemlock wood to the point where it can be burned, it produces sparks sure to discourage you from ever burning that type of wood again. However, many use the wood for firewood. © 2020, Countryside - All Rights Reserved, Charcoal Uses: A New Look at an Old Medicinal, Choosing the Right Saw from the Top-Rated Chainsaws, The K.I.S.S. Growing trees for firewood is therefore one option to overcome this scarcity of firewood in the years ahead. Oak has long been lauded for … Splitting wood: Wet wood is easier to split than dry wood. What are the best tree species for firewood? Some of the best firewood you can get your hands on is from white and red oak trees. 1. You may pay more per cord for hardwoods. It will smolder and won’t put out much heat. (And in my humble opinion, the White Oak is one of the best trees ever—for firewood or whatever else. They can grow to over 150 feet, but are typically seen somewhere between 70 and 100 feet tall with trunk diameters ranging from 3 to 6 feet. Wet wood causes the whole system to be inefficient. The catalpa tree (Catalpa speciosa) grows best in moist, well-drained soil but is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions throughout the United States. From what I have experienced and was taught by my grandfather, one of the things you also have to consider is what type of wood will meet the particular need. Words: Nadene Hall Eric Cairns has dedicated his life to growing trees. From pohutukawa in the lower North Island, to eucalyptus in Central Otago, here are some of the best firewood trees by region. The bark of the Birch tree light up with ease, so starting the fire will not be a problem. By the way, a 16 inch chainsaw is a great length for cutting firewood. Share: When it comes to choosing wood for burning, many people are searching for something that is best in terms of sustainability. These woods also tend to produce more sparks and smoke, which can spoil the mood that you want to generate by starting a nice, cozy wood fire. Beginning Farmer’s Guide to Log Splitters, manage and minimize creosote buildup in your chimney. Oak is a dense hardwood available throughout most regions of North America. The problem was, he didn’t replant. October 7, 2020 at 2:00 pm . Unlike oil and gas, firewood is a renewable resource that can be continually replenished over time. (And in my humble opinion, the White Oak is one of the best trees ever—for firewood or whatever else. The thing is there are a lot of trees to choose from and also lots of things to consider before you are just about ready to put your feet up and enjoy the warm cozy glow of a logwood fire. Oak is also very plentiful in many areas, so it shouldn’t be too hard to scavenge for it. (Once you’ve found trees you want to use, learn how to cut and store the wood.) Whether you use oak, hickory, maple, cherry or any other variety, it’s important to remember that dry, seasoned firewood burns better than green, unseasoned firewood. Notify me via e-mail if anyone answers my comment. Choosing the right kind of firewood is an important decision to ponder. However, it burns out faster than the wood from other harder trees. A tree that has naturally blown down or broken off in a storm can be the easiest way to find trees for firewood. All rights reserved. Some Like it Hot! However, we have found one year is not enough for hardwoods to produce the most efficient heat. If you use firewood as the primary heat source for your house, you’ll want a high-quality wood that produces a lot of heat. Please try again. Thank you for choosing this service. But to create a real wood fire, you’ll need firewood. There are few, and only small cedars on that farm now. You can grow firewood in a fraction of the time it takes to raise a tree from seed. Much of the energy generated from burning green firewood actually goes toward evaporating the water held in the wood. To be honest with you, it doesn’t matter what kind of firewood you burn. February / March 2018 By Brett McLeod . Author: charnwoodstoves. Depending on the efficiency of your wood burner and how much air you allow to get to the fire, you can have a bed of coals for a couple of days. There are around 35 different species of Poplar, but you are most likely to see the White Poplar, Eastern Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, or the Balsam Poplar in the United States. Your email address will not be published. Broadleaved trees are denser than softwoods such as pines and provide more heat per similar sized bag or trailer load. J. Keeler Johnson is a writer, farmer, blogger and videographer with a passion for pruning trees. We love them for many purposes: shade, ornamentals, lumber, firewood and syrup. Hickory trees are among the very best trees for firewood. After all, if you’re going to put in the time to cut, split and properly store firewood, you want to know you’re being as efficient as possible.No use wasting valuable time and energy when there might be an easier way. Firewood is an efficient heating source, producing more BTU's for the price compared to traditional heating methods. Find the best firewood types for your needs with our handy firewood BTU comparison chart. Aspen, basswood and willow trees all have very soft wood of generally poor quality for burning and producing heat.