Hi Ang: Prune junipers if the plant is overgrown or branches are damaged or dead. New shoots are called candles. I use both … If you want to cover the maximum area then of course pruning is not required. Most pines produce their buds on the terminal tips of their shoots and not along the stems. She currently divides her life between San Francisco and southwestern France. They possess a natural beauty that can enhance the curb appeal of your home, while providing an attractive complement to lawns, trees, gardens and … Pruning juniper shrubs is not recommended or necessary. Prune the shrub at a slight angle so that there is a gradual thickening towards the base. Never shear these. Doxon wrote the Yard and Garden column for the "Albuquerque Journal" and numerous magazine and newspaper articles and cooperative extension service guides. And juniper branches tend to grow longer, not fuller, when left untrimmed. Instead, prune lightly and regularly, just before new growth begins in spring. That means that you can renew an overgrown specimen by cutting the canopy way back. The key to pruning juniper is to leave areas with dormant bud on each branch you trim. Sep 11, 2015 - How to Trim Juniper Shrubs. If the tree is overgrown, remove up to 20 percent of the height, but make all cuts well above the dead zone. However, juniper (Juniperus spp.) The following year (again in March or early April), prune out one-half of the remaining old stems. This is particularly true if they have been sheared. In the springtime, it’s easier to see the general shape of the tree and cut the branches without having to worry about accidentally harming new growth. If you want to have a compact bush, you need to prune it. How to Trim Juniper Shrubs | Hunker Junipers (Juniperus spp.) He’s gonna show us how it’s done. Over time, new branches and foliage grow in the area and make the shrub look good again. Cut farther back to encourage growth along the limb. So we got Andrew here, he’s got the pole saw. If plants were given ample room to grow when planted, no pruning should be necessary on low-growing junipers used as a groundcover, such as Bar Harbor Juniper. We’re going to trim it again today and then moving forward. Prune pines in the spring as new growth emerges. Juniper shrubs vary greatly in size, but all are pruned following the same basic principles. The next step is to be sure that you have the right tools for the job. Santa Cruz, a law degree from U.C. These evergreens have dead zones in their centers and branches cut back too far cannot initiate new growth. When you cut back a juniper into those zones, it will remain in the shape you cut it, brown and ugly, indefinitely. This selective thinning also … This one has been trimmed probably about a year ago. Shearing causes dense outer growth, which shades the interior of the shrub and makes it more susceptible to needle browning and branch dieback caused by drying winds. On the other hand, junipers don't have many dormant buds beneath their bark and don't develop dormant buds on old wood. Berkeley's Boalt Hall, and an MA and MFA from San Francisco State. Proper pruning can renew or rejuvenate overgrown, deciduous shrubs. Writer Bio. The biggest mistake I see people make is getting too aggressive and trimming too much off at once. All junipers have dead zones at their center so severe pruning, including topping, is never a good idea. Shrubs, bushes and hedges are arguably the most underrated and undervalued of all landscaping plants. One good place to start is the removal of any dead or leafless branches – these can be cut off at the trunk. is not a good tough-love candidate. Leave the base of the shrub wider than the top. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. New growth will fill in spaces and make the shrub more attractive by midsummer. If there are no branches that can be cut back without leaving a bare spot, cut all branches back to a junction with another branch. Always prune in the late spring once frost danger has passed. Keep up with light pruning as young plants grow to keep them compact and healthy. 2. Is this from lack of water during the winter or from extremely low temperatures? Controlling Crepe Myrtle Height by Pruning, Missouri Botanical Garden: Juniperus Chinensis, Missouri Botanical Garden: Juniperus horizontalis, Fine Gardening: Pruning Arborvitae, Junipers, and Chamaecyparis. This promotes branching and reduces the need for future pruning. You can also remove any branches that are overlapping or sticking out too far. Trim each one back to just above a vigorous side branch. A professional writer and consummate gardener, Spengler has written about home and garden for Gardening Know How, San Francisco Chronicle, Gardening Guide and Go Banking Rates. Examine the plant for long branches that originate under other branches and can be removed without leaving a bare spot. dead ends on juniper shrubs & pruning. It is important to leave the bottom of the shrub wider than the top of the shrub after you prune it or the bottom of the shrub will not get adequate light. In other trees, pruning branches stimulates growth. How to Prune an Overgrown Juniper While overgrown juniper pruning has its limits, it is possible to trim your plant down to a more manageable shape. From Alaska to California, from France's Basque Country to Mexico's Pacific Coast, Teo Spengler has dug the soil, planted seeds and helped trees, flowers and veggies thrive. Most large, overgrown evergreen shrubs accept tough love. How to Begin. They remain popular, low-maintenance choices for home landscapes. This makes … Each year the plant gets bushier as the dead zone increases. Get the Right Tools. Examine the plant for long branches that originate under other branches and can be removed without leaving a bare spot. 1. Prune juniper annually to maintain a nice size and shape and keep the plant healthy. Evergreen shrubs like holly or photinia have plenty of dormant buds beneath their bark. We’re gonna keep this on maintained. Also, thin out some of the new growth. They tend to develop a dead zone in the center. Buy a really good sharp pair of small shears, and start trimming branch by branch. In late spring, young shoots will appear. How to Prune a Sprawling Juniper Bush. There are dozens of different types of junipers, from spreading, to creeping to upright, pyramidal, and each has pruning peculiarities. Make the cuts where they will be hidden by the remaining growth. Your tools should be sharp enough to leave a straight, clean cut. But in a juniper, only buds close to the cut get the green light. Through the limb from the top, starting about 1 inch beyond the first cut. That said, if and when they spread beyond their boundaries; over driveways, sidewalks or into the lawn, pruning may be necessary to keep plants in bounds. This will correct the shape and limit spread. The number of needles in a cluster varies from species to species, but usually they are in bundles of two, three, or five. Good to Know. They can be pruned at any time, but do heavy pruning in winter or early spring before growth starts. Terry L. Ettinger Horticulture Consulting Services: How to Prune Evergreen Shrubs, University of Missouri Extension: Pruning Ornamental Shrubs, How to Remove the Spout From a 174 Delta Kitchen Faucet. Some say juniper roots are soft and that installers of new plants should have no problem with any roots below 12 inches. Cut out the dead wood with pruning loppers, cutting each branch just above where it meets the trunk. Cut dead growth back to the trunk. When it is the right time to prune (see above), trim … This will leave … When planting deciduous shrubs, thin out branches for good spacing and prune out any broken, diseased or crossing or circling roots. The key to pruning juniper is to leave areas with dormant bud on each branch you trim. A juniper tends to die back at its bottom. Trimming Juniper bushes. Trimmers just top the shrub, encouraging new growth near the cut. Begin by pruning away dead or damaged branches with a pruning shear, lopper, or a saw. Shearing is not recommended for junipers, although it is often practiced for pyramidal junipers when a formal look is desired. Remove these at the branch junction. Avoiding this dead zone while making the correct pruning cuts can be tricky for beginning gardeners at first. The 25 yr old junipers on the west side of our house are greening up but the ends are showing yellow/light brown ends. Others say juniper roots are very tough and decent removal of trees this size would go down 24 inches. The easiest way to trim overgrown juniper is to give it a ball or pillow shape. Here are some sites that may help: Anything farther away than 12 inches won’t leaf out. Follow the branch to the end to make sure it does not have live growth at the tip. Cut the remaining branches back to a junction with another green branch. This could cause the ninebark to grow poorly. Chinese juniper thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9 and can grow to 30 feet tall with a 15 foot spread. It is easier to replace such junipers with new, smaller shrubs than to try to rejuvenate old, nearly bare wood shrubs. Yew bushes, for example, you can shape and keep within certain dimensions by shearing it with a hedger. If the juniper is severely overgrown, it may be preferable to replace it. Lynn Doxon has a Ph.D. in horticulture, is a retired cooperative extension specialist and teaches courses in urban farming. Consider using anvil pruners and bypass loppers, which allow even smaller hands to cut branches up to one and a half inches thick. Instead, prune lightly and regularly, just before new growth begins in spring. Feel free to take off diseased (or outright dead) branches at any time, whether on a needled or a broadleaf evergreen. This is especially true of creeping varieties; their shoots spread fairly fast, for example, Blue Carpet Juniper. Prune junipers annually to correct their shape. Retain several well-spaced, vigorous shoots and remove all of the others. Pruning young shrubs is not as critical as pruning young trees, but take care to use the same principles to encourage good branch structure. Remove those branches at ... 2. But some general rules apply to all. Go slow, and consider each branch before removing it. Use a sharp bypass lopper to prune away dead and damaged limbs throughout the year. Remove those branches at the base. Pinch back or snip errant green shoots on junipers before they harden and become woody. Juniper grows a large \"dead zone\" in the center of the plant, which contains no foliage. Begin by removing one-third of the large, old stems at ground level in late winter/early spring (March or early April). Severe pruning of junipers growing in shade may disfigure the shrubs, because new growth rates under such low-light conditions are slow. How to Prune an Upright Juniper Start by taking out dead and dying braches. Cut the remaining branches back to a junction with another green branch. Examine your juniper, and remove each branch that is dead from its tip to its base. This is why it might make sense to trim it in 2 phases. One method is to prune them back over a 3-year period. Pines (Pinus) Pine needles are arranged in clusters or bundles, which are fastened to a twig in a sheath. The best time to prune your junipers is in the winter or early spring. The first time you need to shorten your plants is a young growth. Pinch back shoots anytime except late summer, when the bush needs new growth. Pruning and deadheading: Junipers need little to no pruning so that plants retain their natural form. They do not look attractive if pruned in a formal manner. Asked March 27, 2019, 3:32 PM EDT. I decided to cut them back from their six foot height to about a two foot height like I did my holly shrubs last year. They can be pruned back severely and allowed to start over with fresh new growth. To correct size or shape, prune in late … Junipers (Juniperus spp.) Container grown shrubs require little pruning. She is the author of three books: "The Alcohol Fuel Handbook," "High Desert Yards and Gardens" and "Rainbows from Heaven." You need to cut it immediately with a hand pruner. This instructional Video shows you how to prune you Juniper plants in summer. It's not ideal to leave ragged edges. All juniper branches can die in the center … In early spring, cut out any dead branches, trim back errant growth and lightly shape as needed. are versatile, adaptable evergreens, hardy from U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 9. This shape looks pretty and does not require much labor and time. If they are cut back past live growth, they will not come back. She holds certificates in landscape design and xeriscaping. For over 25 years, Joyce Starr has owned businesses dealing with landscape & design, lawn maintenance, specialty herbs and a garden center. My neighbor, who is a Master Gardener, says they won't grow back like the holly. are versatile, adaptable evergreens, hardy from U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 9. 1. If your juniper is a low species like creeping juniper (Juniperus horizontalis_),_ a shrub that thrives in USDA zones 3 through 9, selectively cut back the branches. Cut all the branches of the juniper down to about six or eight inches from the ground. Yews have flat, shiny needles and often have berries. She earned a BA from U.C. Junipers are hardy shrubs that can take severe pruning, but it is possible to kill them by pruning them back too far. This results in one flush of growth per year. Finally, remove all of the remaining old wood in late winter… Yew. For upright species, like Chinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis_,),_ prune a little off the side branches annually. Others say that it would be smarter to not remove the stumps at all but to plant a … The old wood near the truck, for example, is a dead zone without any dormant buds. So what's a gardener to do? © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Cut down overgrown junipers if pruning will result in mostly bare wood. Shrubs. The inner limbs need air and sunlight, so cut back along the branch just above new growth or at the plant base; avoid electric trimmers for this. I’ll show you what a perfectly manicured Juniper looks like. This is not normal coloring of this shrubs. You must be very careful when pruning a juniper, since a bad "haircut" may never grow out. Next, the plant will continue to grow, and you need to prune it once a month. To prune a tree limb cleanly and safely, as shown in the image above, use a pruning saw and make these three sequential cuts: On the bottom of the limb between 6 and 12 inches from the trunk; cut about one-quarter of the way through. In these areas, you can never get new growth. 1.