Energetics of muscle contraction: the whole is less than the sum of its parts. Springer, Heidelberg (2013), Lyubashevsky, V., Prest, T.: Quadratic time, linear space algorithms for Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization and Gaussian sampling in structured lattices. EUROCRYPT 2015. LNCS, vol. LNCS, vol. This example shows that the set of pathways in the whole metabolic network is smaller than the “sum” of the pathway sets on the local scale. Springer, Heidelberg (2012), Micciancio, D., Regev, O.: Lattice-based cryptography. Shooting whole-cell extract through a mass spectrometer only tells you the average metabolite content across all of the diverse and highly specialized cellular compartments. The Whole is Less Than the Sum of Its Parts: Constructing More Efficient Lattice-Based AKEs. LNCS, vol. In: Joye, M. 80–97. Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2016/435 The Whole is Less than the Sum of its Parts: Constructing More Efficient Lattice-Based AKEs Rafael del Pino and Vadim Lyubashevsky and David Pointcheval Abstract: Authenticated Key Exchange (AKE) is the backbone of … What does sum of its parts expression mean? Because AKE can be generically constructed by combining a digital signature scheme with public key encryption (or a KEM), most of these proposals focused on optimizing the known KEMs and left the authentication part to the generic combination with digital signatures. 6223, pp. Springer, Heidelberg (2003), Hoffstein, J., Pipher, J., Schanck, J.M., Silverman, J.H., Whyte, W.: Transcript secure signatures based on modular lattices. Also translated as “The whole is greater than the part,” this quote is about how much better things are together than as pieces. 789–815. The whole is sometimes less than the sum of its parts: toward a theory of document acts - Volume 6 Issue 1 Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. In: Public-Key Cryptography- PKC, pp. (March 12, 2010). A recent academic symposium tells the story well. PQCrypto 2014. LNCS, vol. Third, the possibility to analyze the interaction between different subsystems of a metabolic network represents a promising avenue of further research in order to gain a better understanding of the intricate structure of metabolism. 122–140. In: Buhler, J.P. Michaël Van Damme, Managing Partner, The Forge; [email protected] Michaël will be speaking at our Innovation, Business Change & Transformation Conference Europe 19-21 March 2018 as follows: Workshop: The Innovation Game , Conference Session The Key to Innovation is Epibration 40–56. 2729, pp. In: Rabin, T. But since one of the requirements of an AKE is that it be forward-secure, the public key must change every time. Springer, Heidelberg (2003), Krawczyk, H.: HMQV: a high-performance secure Diffie-Hellman protocol. 9056, pp. 7237, pp. it does not depend on the structure of the message), and so it may be used in AKE constructions that use a different KEM, or even simply as a way to reduce the transmission length of a message and its digital signature. SCN 2016 - 10th International Conference Security and Cryptography for Networks , Aug 2016, Amalfi, Italy. Fortunately, Chen et al. (ed.) USENIX (2016), Bernstein, D.J., Chuengsatiansup, C., Lange, T., van Vredendaal, C.: NTRU prime. Collaborators: Kushmerick MJ(1). In: 2015 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, SP 2015, San Jose, CA, USA, May 17–21, 2015, pp. This is advantageous when signing relatively long messages, such as the public keys and ciphertexts generated by a lattice-based KEM. Springer, Heidelberg (2015), © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016, International Conference on Security and Cryptography for Networks, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44618-9_15. Springer, Heidelberg (2014), Stehlé, D., Steinfeld, R.: Making NTRU as secure as worst-case problems over ideal lattices. Part of Springer Nature. 553–570 (2015), Cheon, J.H., Jeong, J., Lee, C.: An algorithm for NTRU problems and cryptanalysis of the GGH multilinear map without an encoding of zero. 2612, pp. Definition of sum of its parts in the Idioms Dictionary. Not affiliated In: EUROCRYPT, pp. In: Canetti, R., Garay, J.A. LNCS, vol. My whole: spoken the second it starts, Comes sooner, and is less, than the sum of its parts. ANTS 1998. Why the whole is less than the sum of its parts: Examining knowledge management in acquisitions Author links open overlay panel Alton Y.K. ASIACRYPT 2014, Part II. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. The Whole is Greater than the Sum of its Parts May 22, 2012 / 0 Comments / in Strategies Newsletter / by T.E. When the Whole is Less than the Sum of Its Parts Environmental Ratios of Cadmium and Zinc are less Toxic to Aquatic Insects than Expected Release Date: October 21, 2016 Environmental Ratios of Cadmium and Zinc are less Toxic to Aquatic Insects than Expected Kushmerick MJ(1), Conley KE. For some reason, many academics are better individually than when they aggregate: The academic whole is less than the sum of its individual parts. 530–547. Author information: (1)Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, U.S.A. kushmeri@u.washington.edu 1423, pp. IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive 2016/504 (2016), Lyubashevsky, V.: Lattice signatures without trapdoors. Law, L., Menezes, A., Qu, M., Solinas, J.A., Vanstone, S.A.: An efficient protocol for authenticated key agreement. This phrase, a favorite of Dr. Joseph E. Murray, can be interpreted in many ways. (eds.) LNCS, vol. Lots of great answers here. This can produce a society in which the whole is less than the sum of the parts. Cite as. CRYPTO 2007. Here's one cool example: the Mona Lisa (the painting). We first observe that parameters for lattice-based encryption schemes are always set so as to avoid decryption errors, since many observations by the adversary of such failures usually leads to him recovering the secret key. Sometimes the Whole is Less than the Sum of Its Parts: Toward a Theory of Document Acts January 2014 Language and Cognition 6(1):79-110 … IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive 2015/660 (2015), Gentry, C., Peikert, C., Vaikuntanathan, V.: Trapdoors for hard lattices and new cryptographic constructions. It is also used by people looking for something somewhat cryptic to say to sound smart. In: Pointcheval, D., Johansson, T. The idea is used heavily in Synergy and Gestalt as well as in non-linear fields. describe methods for overcoming this hurdle and provide a new quantitative picture of the mitochondrial metabolome. 9057, pp. Ding, J., Xie, X., Lin, X.: A simple provably secure key exchange scheme based on the learning with errors problem. In: Oswald, E., Fischlin, M. 2002 Apr;30(2):227-31. Aristotle needs revision: “The whole is (not always) greater than the sum of its parts.” Aware of this, we still itch to belong — to adhere — because we need to feel as though we are a part of something larger than our pitiable and soulless selves. In: Gilbert, H. 4622, pp. Resource for the Future Discussion Paper No. (ed.) LNCS, vol. Talking heads have generated almost more misinformation than I really thought possible. Springer, Heidelberg (2014), Ducas, L., Prest, T.: A hybrid Gaussian sampler for lattices over rings. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. 35–54. When we pour our efforts into endeavors which make each other greater, offering our talents to benefit others, and produce things, ideas, and Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2012/688 (2012). Biochem Soc Trans. (ed.) In: Oswald, E., Fischlin, M. 719–751. 27–47 (2011), Zhang, J., Zhang, Z., Ding, J., Snook, M., Dagdelen, Ö.: Authenticated key exchange from ideal lattices. J. ACM, Lyubashevsky, V., Peikert, C., Regev, O.: A toolkit for ring-LWE cryptography. In: Prouff, E., Schaumont, P. EUROCRYPT 2012. Energetics of muscle contraction: the whole is less than the sum of its parts In the language of physics: You need to do some work, invest some energyto pry the constituents apart against the forces that keep them together. LNCS, vol. In: Boneh, D. IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive 2016/461 (2016), Bos, J.W., Costello, C., Naehrig, M., Stebila, D.: Post-quantum key exchange for the TLS protocol from the ring learning with errors problem. Not logged in pp.273 - 291, 10.1007/978-3-319-44618-9_15 . Longa, P., Naehrig, M.: Speeding up the number theoretic transform for faster ideal lattice-based cryptography. The Whole is Less Than the Sum of Its Parts: Constructing More Efficient Lattice-Based AKEs Springer, Heidelberg (2014), Hoffstein, J., Pipher, J., Schanck, J.M., Silverman, J.H., Whyte, W., Zhang, Z.: Choosing parameters for ntruencrypt. EUROCRYPT 2013. Paperno and Baroni When the Whole Is Less Than the Sum of Its Parts interaction between the occurrence of words a,b,c. See the table, here: StoryAlity #130 - Why Some Things Are Popular (Velikovsky 2014) (where, it's broken down into CRYPTO 2005. 6110, pp. LNCS, vol. : NTRU: a ring-based public key cryptosystem. 8772, pp. In this paper, we show that by simultaneously considering the secrecy and authenticity requirements of an AKE, we can construct a scheme that is more secure and with smaller communication complexity than a scheme created by a generic combination of a KEM with a signature scheme. Our new AKE, which now remains secure in case of decryption errors, fails to create a shared key with probability around \(2^{-30}\), but adds enough security that we are able to instantiate a KEM based on the NTRU assumption with rings of smaller dimension. The whole is greater than the sum of its parts. LNCS, vol. (eds.) EUROCRYPT 2012. EUROCRYPT 2010. sum of its parts phrase. 22–41. Springer, Heidelberg (2010), Lyubashevsky, V., Peikert, C., Regev, O.: On ideal lattices, learning with errors over rings. The Whole (Cell) Is Less Than the Sum of Its Parts, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2016.08.011. (ed.) (eds.) 1–23. “ The whole is greater than the sum of the parts. 716–730 (2015), Micciancio, D., Peikert, C.: Trapdoors for lattices: simpler, tighter, faster, smaller. Herein lies the problem. Supported by the European Horizon 2020 ICT Project SAFEcrypto (H2020/2014–2020 Grant Agreement ICT-644729 – SAFECrypto), the French FUI Project FUI AAP 17 – CRYPTOCOMP, and the SNSF ERC Transfer Grant CRETP2-166734 – FELICITY. 2016 Aug 25;166(5):1078-1079. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2016.08.011. LNCS, vol. The rod-and-frame effect: The whole is less than the sum of its parts Perception, 2005, volume 34, pages 699^716 Wenxun Li, Leonard Matin Clarence H Graham Memorial Laboratory of Visual Science, Department of Psychology, When viewing a situation or a problem or challenge, it's always good to firstly step back by taking a helicopter view or a gestalt perspective of it. Springer, Heidelberg (2015), Lyubashevsky, V., Wichs, D.: Simple lattice trapdoor sampling from a broad class of distributions. 7881, pp. In: Sarkar, P., Iwata, T. 8772, pp. Ducas, L., Durmus, A., Lepoint, T., Lyubashevsky, V.: Lattice signatures and bimodal Gaussians. Springer, Heidelberg (2012), Hoffstein, J., Howgrave-Graham, N., Pipher, J., Silverman, J.H., Whyte, W.: NTRUSIGN: digital signatures using the NTRU lattice. Using a lattice-based signature in message-recovery mode is quite generic (i.e. 1. [read my exploration into that topic] The phrase is also used to explain the importance of Synergy and the foundations of Gestalt theory. (eds.) (eds.) (eds.) This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. If you say that something is more than the sum of its parts or greater than the sum of its parts, you mean that it is better than you would expect from the individual parts, because the way they combine adds a different quality. CRYPTO 2013, Part I. LNCS, vol. (ed.) PQCrypto 2014. 197–206 (2008), Güneysu, T., Lyubashevsky, V., Pöppelmann, T.: Practical lattice-based cryptography: a signature scheme for embedded systems. Now, Chen et al. (ed.) Perhaps the idea here is that one + thousand + one = 1002, which of course is bigger than … The full version of this work appears as an eprint Report 2016/435. In: Bernstein, D.J., Buchmann, J., Dahmen, E. Mathematically, the whole is equal to the sum of its parts, neither more nor less. 700–718. The intuition is therefore that one can set the parameters of the scheme so as to not care about decryption errors and everything should still remain secure. This is a preview of subscription content, Albrecht, M., Bai, S., Ducas, L.: A subfield lattice attack on overstretched NTRU assumptions: Cryptanalysis of some FHE and graded encoding schemes. The Whole is Less Than the Sum of Its Parts: Constructing More Efficient Lattice-Based AKEs. LNCS, vol. But energy doesn’t spon… We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. A recent announcement by standardization bodies calling for a shift to quantum-resilient crypto has resulted in several AKE proposals from the research community. 8042, pp. (eds.) CRYPTO 2010. 142–159. Our second improvement is showing that certain hash-and-sign lattice signatures can be used in “message-recovery” mode. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, SCN 2016: Security and Cryptography for Networks Clearly, the whole is greater than the sum of its parts, because as part of the whole, nerve cells, flower petals, and so on can do things that they can't do alone. In: Mosca, M. Codes Cryptogr. 546–566. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The Whole (Cell) Is Less Than the Sum of Its Parts Cell. CT-RSA 2003. No, Aristotle Didn’t Write “A Whole is Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts” July 6, 2018 267–288. Chapter in Post-quantum Cryptography, pp. 7428, pp. In: Mosca, M. LNCS, vol. These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. Chua Dion H. Goh Show more We also thank the committee members for their comments which helped to improve parts of the paper. IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive 2015/708 (2015), Hoffstein, J., Pipher, J., Silverman, J.H. In: Menezes, A. If a composite object is stable, that is tantamount to saying it won’t spontaneously decay into its component parts. Springer, Heidelberg (1998), Howgrave-Graham, N.: A hybrid lattice-reduction and meet-in-the-middle attack against NTRU. We show how this technique reduces the communication complexity of the generic construction of our AKE by around \(20\,\%\). In: STOC, pp. For instance, the nucleus of a helium atom does not spontaneously split into the two protons and two neutronsthat are its constituents: On the contrary, splitting a stable object into its constituents takes some effort.