The term may be applied to a large unit organized for independent action, or it may be applied to a nation’s or ruler’s complete military organization for land warfare. The British won the French and Indian War (known in Europe as the Seven Years’ War) in 1763, effectively driving the French out of power in North America. Essential Facts. Read the lists below, written for kids and adults, for more interesting facts about this act including why it was one of the major cause of the American Revolution. The Townshend Acts are named after Charles Townshend who was the Chancellor of the Exchequer for Great Britain in 1767. -- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/ . These particular items were chosen for taxation because Townshend thought they woul… Events Leading to the American Revolution. T hough the Stamp Act was repealed, the American Colonies Act 1766, known as the Declaratory Act, came into effect the same day.It declared that British Parliament’s authority in America was same as in Britain and the laws passed by it were binding on the American colonies. Key Takeaways: the Townshend Acts The Townshend Acts were four laws enacted by the British Parliament in 1767 that imposed and enforced the collection of taxes on the American colonies. In 1783 a peace treaty between the British Empire and the new United States was signed and the Townsend Acts were left to the history books. The ring leaders of the boycott were Samuel Adams and John Dickinson. The Townshend Acts were named after Charles Townshend, the British Chancellor of the Exchequer (Treasurer), and the taxes were imposed on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea. Quick Facts Name John Dickinson Birth Date November 8, 1732 Death Date February 14, 1808 Education Middle Temple Place of Birth Talbot County, Maryland Townshend Acts. For All Emergencies dial 911 To contact the VT State Police for non-emergency situations call 802-722-4600. The colonies were not happy with the control the British government was exerting over them with taxation on goods such as tea, paper, paint, glass, and lead being imported into the colonies. Great Britain argued that the colonist had "virtual representation" which meant the members of Parliament looked out for the interests of all the British people no matter where in the empire they lived and not just for the interest of the people from the district they represented. The Boston Tea Party took place in 1773 in protest of the tea tax, in which a shipment of British tea was dumped into the Boston Harbor. Parliament also reduced the number of British troops in America, but shifted the financial burden of accommodating the soldiers to the colonies. They are named after Charles Townshend, the Chancellor of the Exchequer who proposed the program. What Were the Townshend Acts? The acts were devised as a way to avoid mounting trouble with the American colonies over taxation. Eleanor, Dartmouth, and Beaver carried a total of 342 chests of Tea. The Parliament of Great Britain passed a series of acts called the Townshend Acts, beginning in 1767, in an effort to place more control over their colonies in North America, and to regain some of the money they had already spent on conflicts to defend their land in North America. This is a pretty fair description of the Townshend Acts, a series of laws passed by the British Parliament in 1767. Parliament wasted little time in attempting to reassert its authority over the colonies. These taxes proved to be a major instigating factor for the Boston Massacre on March 5. The unfairness of these naval courts angered the colonist. • The Townshend Acts gave jurisdiction over smuggling and customs cases to British naval courts rather than Colonial district court… The famous Boston Tea Party took place at Boston’s Griffin’s Wharf on December 16, 1773. In 1770, due to increasing pressure and protest from the colonist, the British repealed all of the Townshend Acts except for the tax on imported tea. Select a volunteer to read the introduction and the first section, 'The Townshend Acts of 1767: A Bad Idea Made Worse.' For road related issues, downed trees, wash outs, and other problems that may arise, contact the Highway Foreman at 802-365-4260. The repeal of most of the Townshend Acts led to a temporary truce between the colonies and Britain. Interesting The Townshend Acts Facts: The Townshend Acts were named after Charles Townshend, the British Chancellor of the Exchequer (Treasurer), and the taxes were imposed on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea. Because none of the colonies had representation in the British Parliament the colonies believed the taxes were unfair. The Townshend Acts consisted of the Suspending Act, the Revenue Act, the Indemnity Act, and the Commissioners of Customs Act.