Put the mixture in a brass bowl and let it stand for nine nights, then strain it through a cloth. There was a wide variety of medieval herbs grown in England and throughout Europe. Take equal amounts of wine and bull’s gall and mix them with the onion and garlic. In addition, many of these herbs had medicinal or therapeutic properties: sage was known to be antiseptic, stimulant, tonic, antispasmodic, and anti-febrile. “Take a fat cat and flay it well, clean and draw out the guts. Yet people believed in these cure-alls and willingly took them when prescribed by a doctor of the Middle Ages. By entering your details, you are agreeing to HistoryExtra terms and conditions and privacy policy. Shop Login Login. There seems to be a problem, please try again. R – rosemary, rue, ruta graveolens Save over 50% on a gift subscription to their favourite history magazine. Cambridge University Press. Learn to concoct simple home remedies with easy-to-grow medicinal herbs such as peppermint and thyme. And then stamp [pound] it with boar’s grease and anoint the gout therewith.”, Poor owl! Balancing the humors seems to me to have been somewhat precarious at times. Vervain’s glycoside [a class of molecules in which, a sugar molecule is bonded to a ‘non-sugar’ molecule] derivatives too are used in modern treatments for migraine, depression and anxiety, so once again the apothecary knew what he was doing with this recipe! Here are some of the most common herbs grown for medicinal use in medieval Europe. The medieval recipe collections contain ingredients such as alym (alum), arment (arnament), atrwm (atrament), brwnston (sulphur), cod (cobbler’s wax), kopros (copperas), and opium. They also were believed to help ease ‘ladies problems’. Alongside is the type of ailment they were used to treat: anise – to combat flatulence The recipe is now being further investigated as a treatment against the antibiotic-resistant MRSA bug, and it looks hopeful. A typical, medieval English peasant family would have used herbs extensively in cooking as they were easy and inexpensive to cultivate. To that end, we are compiling a database of medieval medical recipes. Recent research has shown that snail slime contains antioxidants, antiseptic, anaesthetic, anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory, antibiotic and antiviral properties, as well as collagen and elastin, vital for skin repair. Modern research has shown that it has antiseptic, antibiotic, anti-viral and wound-healing properties, and it is still used in some parts of the world to treat dysentery – but I’m not sure it could have done anything for epileptics or cataleptics. Modern medicine still makes use of the alkaloid drugs found in betony for treating severe headaches and migraine. Our gardeners have been busy planting herbs and flowers that the Carthusian monks could have grown here in the 15th century. It is the bright red resin of the tree Dracaena draco – a species native to Morocco, Cape Verde and the Canary Islands. The Puritan assault on Christmas during the 1640s and 1650s, 7 surprising facts about the history of medicine, Love, health and the weather: 9 things medieval Londoners worried about. Thanks! Y – yarrow, yerba buena Despite its unpromising odour and appearance, the students tested it for any antibiotic properties and discovered that it is excellent. The history of herbalism is closely tied with the history of medicine from prehistoric times up until the development of the germ theory of disease in the 19th century. S – shepherd’s purse, saffron, sage, salad burnet, savory, scullcap, sherpherd’s purse, sorrel, star anise, st john’s wort, stinking gladwyn, stinking hellebore, summer savory Though herbals were quite common in Anglo-Saxon medicine, the British Library's manuscript is the only surviving illustrated Old English manual. Medicines in the medieval period were sometimes homemade, if they weren’t too complicated. In the 11th-15th centuries, herbs were far more important to people than they are to those who live in the modern world today. This herbal face mask recipe features demulcent or mucilage-rich herbs which are naturally moisturizing and help to balance the drying elements of the season. N – nettle, nasturtium More ideas. flax – to stimulate appetite You will find them in all kinds of dishes from meat, fish and fowl dishes to general salads. A number of medieval remedies suggested variations of the following: “Take a spoonful of the gall of a red ox and two spoonfuls of water-pepper and four of the patient’s urine, and as much cumin as half a French nut and as much suet as a small nut and break and bruise your cumin. “Take an owl and pluck it clean and open it, clean and salt it. Mugwort has pungent smelling leaves and these were used in medieval times to make a foot ointment. But the English words in this recipe do not refer to foreign or exotic ingredients, … Fennel, cinnamon and ginger are all carminatives (which relieve gas in the intestines), and would relieve a colicky stomach. dittany – for digestive ailments, poultices Crystals And Gemstones Stones And Crystals Shadow Box D House … Q – quassia amara (bitter wood) Medieval ladies gathering mint . “Take equal amounts of onion/leek [there is still debate about whether ‘cropleek’, as stated in the original recipe, in Bald’s Leechbook, is equivalent to an onion or leek today] and garlic, and pound them well together. A typical, medieval English peasant family would have used herbs extensively in cooking as they were easy and inexpensive to cultivate. catnip – to alleviate respiratory tract inflammation She is also a member of the Research Committee of the Richard III Society. All photographs are either my own copyright, public domain (eg. lemon balm | lovage | marjoram | mint musk mallow – an anti-inflammatory herb
2020 medieval herbal medicine recipes