The minimum wage for workers in the heavy construction sector depends on their job classification. New Bunswick has the eight largest population in Canada with an estimated 780,890 people. Effective as of June 1, 2020. Sign up now to join thousands of other visitors who receive our latest personal finance tips once a week. The first minimum wage legislation in Canada was passed in 1918 by both British Columbia and Manitoba. A federal minimum wage remained in effect until 1996, when it was decided that provinces would each set their own minimum wage and federal workers would be paid according to the province in which they did most of their work. Increase to $12.25 coming April 1, 2019. The minimum wage today is worth 17% less than it was a decade ago. When an employer provides board and/or lodging, they can deduct up to $0.65 per meal and $0.80 for lodging per day. Its economy ranks number ninth and prominent industries include agriculture, forestry, mining and fishing. Liquor Servers A special lower minimum wage for liquor servers exists in some provinces. Ontario and Alberta have the highest minimum wages in Canada. The Northwest Territories (NWT) is the most populous of Canada’s three territories and has an estimated 44,982 people. They are advocating that families should earn an income sufficient for them to pay for the basic necessities of life, so they can live with dignity and participate as active citizens in our society. View more information. The minimum wage in Ontario will increase on October 1st, 2020 to 14.25 CAD/Hour. Just 20.8% of minimum wage earners are spouses that are working full time. Sen, Rybczynski and Van De Wall (2011) found a small but statistically significant increase in poverty due to higher minimum wages: a 10% minimum wage increase was found to be significantly associated with a 4%-6% increase in the percentage of families living under Low Income Cut Offs (LICO) in Canada between 1981 and 2004. Related: British Columbia Training and Education Savings Grant. Minimum Wage in Canada 2015- 2016: Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Experienced Adult Workers in Canada. The minimum wage rate in the Yukon over the years is as follows: A fair wage schedule sets the wage rates for workers on Government of Yukon public work contracts. The government adjusts the amount of the minimum wage twice a year – on 1 January and 1 July – in line with changes in average collectively agreed wages in the Netherlands. He has a master's degree in Finance and Investment Management from the University of Aberdeen Business School and has a passion for helping others win with their finances. The historical minimum wages for Quebec over the last decade are as follows: Employers who are paid on commission or according to yield receive the minimum wage for their category. If an employee receives from his employer benefits having a pecuniary value, such as the use of an automobile or accommodations, this must not reduce his wage below the minimum wage rate. Raspberry and strawberry pickers get a top-up on wages when the yield is affected by the condition of the fields and other factors beyond their control. Living Wage Canada. Get more details about NL’s labour standards here. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) determines the minimum wage for employees in private and public sectors, in both Federal and State governments. If an employee's wage is below the minimum wage, the employer must top up their payment so that it's equal to or greater than the minimum wage. Minimum wage in the federally regulated private sector 4. For more information on minimum wages and employment standards in Ontario, click here. The minimum wage in B.C. Minimum Wage in Canada. For example, Category A Class workers (e.g. Lowest Minimum Wage in Canada. Student Minimum Wage: $13.15 Liquor Server Minimum Wage: $12.20. It is indexed to New Brunswick’s CPI and rounded to the nearest five cents. Nunavut is the largest territory in Canada by land-size and has an estimated 39,486 people (lowest population). Related: Best Personal Loans for Bad Credit. There are a total of 10 job classifications in the heavy construction industry and minimum wages range from $12.75 to $25.25. source: Statistics Canada. Minimum wage increases in the four Atlantic provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador) come into effect on April 1st each year. The minimum wage is the lowest hourly pay an employer can legally pay an employee whether they work part-time or full-time. Related: Alberta Tax Brackets and Tax Rates. Historical minimum wage rates in Canada The minimum wage is a basic labour standard that sets the lowest wage rate that an employer can pay to employees who are covered by the legislation. Its economy is largely dependent on mining, oil and gas extraction, agriculture, and the services industry. Your email address will not be published. For more information about the minimum wage in New Brunswick and applicable legislation, click here. 13% of American workers earned the minimum wage in 1980, compared to 2% that do so today. The minimum wage in MB is adjusted annually on October 1 based on the inflation rate. Wages in Canada averaged 19.20 CAD/Hour from 1991 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 27.31 CAD/Hour in April of 2020 and a record low of 13.73 CAD/Hour in January of 1991. Whether you want to negotiate a salary, plan your career or track employment trends, you should know how much workers earn in your region. General Minimum Wage: $11.55. Quebec is the second-most populous province in Canada with an estimated 8,552,362 people in the second quarter of 2020. If they provide lodging, they can deduct up to $0.80 per day. Required fields are marked *. $10.05. The Yukon has an estimated population of 41,293 people and its economy is largely based around mining and tourism. It also exempts live-in house keepers or babysitters where there is an arrangement in place for the employee to get time off with pay for hours worked in excess of 40 hours per week. If an employee's wage is below the minimum wage, the employer must top up their payment so that it's equal to or greater than the minimum wage. The province that has experienced the highest inflation growth -- at 44.2 per cent in the same timeframe -- is Alberta, which has the highest minimum wage in Canada, at $15 an hour. Liquor servers earn a minimum $12.20 per hour, and homeworkers earn $15.40 per hour. Minimum Wage in Prince Edward Island 2020, Prince Edward Island Minimum Wage History, Minimum Wage Exemptions in Prince Edward Island, 11. The province also has the second largest economy, with the services and manufacturing sectors dominating. However, despite the fact that there are more minimum wage workers now than there were in 1998, according to Statistics Canada, those who are working in minimum wage now are faring slightly better than their counterparts from 20 years ago. The minimum wage in MB is adjusted annually on October 1 based on the inflation rate. $11.90. The minimum wage rate is the lowest hourly pay that can be awarded to workers, also known as a pay floor. The minimum wage in Nfld will return to being adjusted annually on April 1 relative to the Consumer Price Index. Learn more on Minimum-Wage.ca. The accommodation and food services sector followed by the retail trade sector provide their employees with the lowest average weekly salaries. Minimum Wages in Canada remained unchanged at 14 CAD/Hour in 2020 from 14 CAD/Hour in 2019. Minimum wages are also set and adjusted in different ways: in legislation or regulations; by the government-of-the-day or an independent board; and based on inflation, average wage rates or other economic factors. Related: The Best Cash Back Apps in Canada. On July 18, 2019, the U.S. House of Representatives passed an amended version of the Raise the Wage Act of 2019, which would gradually increase the federal minimum wage … There are also different minimum wages for hunting and fishing guides, and wilderness guides. General - $11.90 as of October 1, 2020 (up from $11.65). Live-in home support workers are paid a minimum rate of $113.50 per day or part day worked. Almost 1.3 million jobs will be lost if the federal minimum wage is increased to $9.5/hour. In this case, they are entitled to the general minimum wage. This amount is in addition to tips or gratuities received. The minimum wage is adjusted annually on October 1 each year relative to the Consumer Price Index. If board is provided by an employer to an employee, they can deduct up to $0.65 for each meal. Domestic workers who work less than 12 hours a week and election officials or enumerators appointed under The Elections Act are excluded from minimum wage. Related: Free Chequing Accounts in Canada. Visit my website: http://metv.cool If you love my lessons, you could buy me a coffee! blaster and roofer) earn $31.20 per hour; Category C Class (e.g. Minimum wage rates in Ontario are tied to the Ontario Consumer Price Index. However, the cost of dry cleaning a uniform made of wool or a heavy material can be deducted even if it causes the employee’s wages to fall below the minimum rate. In cases where an employee is subject to both the state and federal minimum wage laws, the employee is entitled to the higher of the two minimum wages. For more information about Manitoba’s minimum wage and employment standards, click here. carpenter and electrician) earn $34.91 per hour; Category B Class workers (e.g. 2020, Canadian, Federal & Provincial minimum wage tables for calculating payroll. flag person and labourer) earn $25.19 per hour. The average minimum wage in Canada rose by 3.5% yearly from 1998 to 2018. May 1, 2019. Alberta’s minimum wage over the years are as follows: While all employers must pay a minimum of $15 per hour to their workers, there are some exceptions. Effective as of April 1, 2018. The minimum wage in Nova Scotia is $12.55 per hour. Resident caretakers are paid a minimum wage per month based on the number of suites in their apartment building. Related: Manitoba’s Tax Brackets and Rates. Historical minimum wage rates in Canada The minimum wage is a basic labour standard that sets the lowest wage rate that an employer can pay to employees who are covered by the legislation. Learn how your comment data is processed. Saskatchewan’s minimum wage is currently the lowest in Canada. Minimum wage rates and legislation were first established in Manitoba and British Columbia in 1918. Effective as of January 1, 2018. People working as an electrician in Canada usually earn between $$17.29/hour and $$44.00/hour. The PEI minimum wage will increase to $13.00 on April 1, 2021. Related: Easy Ways To Get Free Gift Cards. The minimum wage in Canada is still only $12.15 per hour. The current minimum wage in Saskatchewan is $11.32 per hour. This change represents a 2 per cent increase based on the 2019 Consumer Price Index for Whitehorse plus an additional $0.75. Some provinces allow lower wages to be paid to liquor servers and other gratuity earners or to inexperienced employees. Proponents of a minimum wage suggested a $1.25 hourly rate, which was based on what was being implemented across the United States. Some occupations are exempt from minimum wage standards including real estate brokers, some students in a work experience or off-campus education programs, municipal police service members, post-secondary academic staff, securities salespersons, and extras in a film or video production. Issue 2. The minimum wage is lower if you are under 21. A maximum deduction of $250 per month can apply for room and board. Under the FLSA, non-exempt employees must be paid the minimum wage or higher. The minimum wage in Manitoba is one of the lowest in Canada at $11.65 per hour. The minimum rates per hour in NWT over the last decade are: NWT’s Employment Standards Act does not apply to students who are employed in a work program as part of their studies. … For more information about NWT’s employment standards, click here. The province has the highest total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of all the provinces and is a major manufacturing hub. The average minimum wage in Canada rose by 3.5% yearly from 1998 to 2018. The minimum wage per hour in NL over the last decade is as follows: The overtime wage rate does not apply to farm employees who are involved in the planting, cultivating and harvesting of farm produce, or employed in the raising of livestock. Ontario Minimum Wage History The minimum wage in B.C. Ontario’s minimum wage rates over the last ten updates are as follows: Some types of employees have minimum wages different from the general rate. For more details about Quebec’s minimum wage and employment standards, click here. Employees who receive tips earn a minimum wage of $10.45 per hour, while raspberry and strawberry pickers receive $3.89/kg and $1.04/kg respectively. Employers who provide room and/or board (meals) can deduct up to $4.41 per night of lodging and $3.55 per meal. Canada Dec 18, 2019 May 1, 2020. Effective as of April 1, 2020. Across Canada overall there were some 1.25 million people earning minimum wage, or about 8 per cent of the country’s 15.3 million salaried employees. Canada's minimum wage is set by each province and territory; and ranges from ranges from C$10.45 to C$13.00 per hour. There are plans for ta … View for more information. On July 18, 2019, the U.S. House of Representatives passed an amended version of the Raise the Wage Act of 2019, which would gradually increase the federal minimum wage to … Yukon minimum wage As of April 1, 2020 the minimum wage is increased to $13.71 per hour. For more information about the minimum wage rates and employment standards in Alberta, click here. The province has the third-largest total GDP and it has a significant agricultural, oil and gas, and tourism industry. The minimum wage rates are subject to change annually. The minimum wage in the Northwest Territories is $13.46 per hour. Dominant industries in PEI include agriculture, fisheries, and tourism. The historical minimum hourly wage rates in Nunavut are: The Labour Standards Act does not apply to trappers and individuals employed in commercial fisheries. Benefits such as paid vacations, 48-hour work weeks, and a framework for pay equity were added over time, but in the early 1960s, Ontario was one of only three provinces to lack a minimum wage for men. Additional hours may be negotiated without reference to the minimum wage. Minimum Wages in Canada remained unchanged at 14 CAD/Hour in 2020 from 14 CAD/Hour in 2019. The current general minimum wage in Quebec is $13.10 per hour. View for more information. It is expected to increase to $15.20 per hour by June 1, 2021. Saskatchewan has Canada’s lowest minimum wage, at $11.32 per hour, though this will rise to on 01 October 2020 in line with the Consumer Price Index and Average Hourly Wage. The minimum wage in Newfoundland and Labrador is $11.65 per hour as of April 1, 2020. A $0.60 increase is bringing Quebec's general minimum wage to $13.10 per hour, Minister of Labour, Employment and Social Solidarity Jean Boulet announced on Wednesday. Wages in Canada increased to 27.08 CAD/Hour in September from 27.03 CAD/Hour in August of 2020. Over the years, the minimum wage in Canada … The NS minimum wage will move to $13.10 on April 1, 2021. 1. Minimum wage in Canada: By the numbers. Assuming a 40-hour workweek and 52 paid weeks per year, the annual gross employment income of an individual earning the minimum wage in Canada is between C$23,545.60 (in Saskatchewan) and C$31,200 (in Alberta). Canada's Minimum Wage is the lowest amount a worker can be legally paid for his work. Ontario is Canada’s most populous province with an estimated population of 14,745,040 people as per Statistics Canada. For more details about the Yukon’s employment standards, click here. The founding idea behind setting a minimum hourly pay for workers was largely to protect women, children and non-unionized workers, improve the standard of living for these groups, and to fight poverty. Saskatchewan’s population was estimated at 1,181,987 people in the second quarter of 2020, making it the sixth most populous province in Canada. Minimum-Wage.org provides a database of international minimum wage rates and labor law information for countries around the world. The next increase will see the minimum hourly wage increased to $10.15. Live-in camp leaders are paid a minimum daily rate of $116.86. Alberta: $15.00 General Workers $13.00 Student Under 18 (less than 28 hrs/wk when school is in session) British Columbia: $14.60 General Workers $13.95 Liquor Servers: Saskatchewan: $11.45 : Manitoba: $11.90: Ontario: $14.25 General Workers This rate is indexed to the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and is expected to increase to $11.45 per hour on October 1, 2020. Stakeholder perspective 6. Minimum Wages in Canada averaged 6.03 CAD/Hour from 1965 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 14 CAD/Hour in 2018 and a record low of 1 CAD/Hour in 1966. The minimum wage in Prince Edward Island is $12.85 per hour. To learn about the history of the minimum wage in Québec, consult the table. The minimum wage is based on the Consumer Price Index, comparison with other jurisdictions, and impact on the economy. Two years later, Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and Saskatchewan followed suit. Effective as of October 1, 2020. NWT has the highest per capita GDP in Canada at $108,065 and its economy is largely resource based. Next Minimum Wage updation due on: Qubec: The Quebec government has announced the minimum wage will be raised by 25 cents on May 1, 2013. It also has the seventh largest GDP in Canada with an economy reliant on manufacturing, agriculture, forestry, fisheries, aquaculture, and tourism. Minimum Wage Newfoundland and Labrador 2020, Newfoundland and Labrador Minimum Wage History, Minimum Wage Exemptions in Newfoundland and Labrador, 10. Nearly 1.6 million Canadians – that’s about 10% of all salaried employees – took home the lowest hourly wage legally payable to most people. A new study quietly released by Statistics Canada finds that between 1998 and 2018, the percentage of Canadians with minimum wage has doubled, with one-in-three minimum wage workers also holding postsecondary degrees.. Starting on October 1, 2020, the minimum wage is set to increase by 25 cents to $14.25 per hour. Can you survive on minimum wage in Canada? When employers provide meals and/or accommodation, employee wages may be reduced by up to a certain amount. Some employees are fully exempt from the Act respecting labour standards including self-employed workers, employees of the Canadian Armed Forces, those in prison, a student employed in a social or community non-profit organization, etc. Examples include deductions to pay for destruction of property or equipment. Related: Best Online Will Options in Canada. This is what the minimum wage looks like across the country and how it breaks down across the workforce. In Canada, the minimum wages are different among the provinces or territories, range from $11.06 per hour in Saskatchewan to $15 per hour in Alberta. Minimum wage rates in Ontario are tied to the Ontario Consumer Price Index. Wages per month are calculated as 4.33 times if a weekly wage is defined. Shopping bag and single-use plastic regulations across Canada. Effective as of April 1, 2020. Canada’s minimum wage was established in 1965 at C$1.25 per hour, though some provinces had established minimum wages at the time that were lower. Posted by Enoch Omololu | Published Aug 25, 2020. Background 3. Increases to the minimum wage are based on the province’s Consumer Price Index. Security Guard - $12.50. This article covers the current minimum wage in all ten provinces and three territories in Canada. May 1, 2018. Different work situations affect the minimum wage in some provinces, too. Adjusted for purchasing power parity (i.e., for the cost of living), Canada’s minimum wage of around $10 falls to around $7.59 U.S., just marginally higher than the U.S. minimum wage.
2020 minimum wage in canada