Native to eastern and southern parts of the United States. Although this tree will grow in shade, it may take 3 to 4 times longer to mature into a sizeable sawlog. The colors that came out in that wood after a semi-gloss varathane was applied were amazing. This is considered an asexual form of reproduction. [14] On sandy soils black locust may also often replace other vegetation which cannot fix nitrogen.[17]. Locust can also be used for fence posts. The finished product was better than I could imagine. [7] The dark blue-green compound leaves with a contrasting lighter underside give this tree a beautiful appearance in the wind and contribute to its grace. [29] Due to the small nature of the seeds, shelling them efficiently can prove tedious and difficult. Since then it has made its way into gardens in Africa, Asia and Australia. Locust wood is as hard as any I've ever worked with, and it is of the highest quality! Shelled seeds are safe to harvest from summer through fall, and are edible both raw and/or boiled. 'Tortuosa', a small tree with curved and distorted branches. The wood is tougher than hickory, which is tougher than hard maple, which is tougher than oak. Black Locust trees are singularly planted in a mono-cropped one-spiral plantation. We need trees that can grow without alot of fuss. Carroll Co., VA 4/11/10. "Purple Robe" black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia "Purple Robe") can grow in some of the most difficult conditions and on a variety of sites. Black locust trees are quite drought-tolerant once established and will grow in a wide variety of well-draining soil types. [35], Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa – Watt and Brandwijk, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T19891648A20138922.en, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "black locust: Robinia pseudoacacia (Fabales: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)): Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States", "PCA Alien Plant Working Group – Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)", "GENETICALLY MEDIATED LEAF CHEMISTRY IN INVASIVE AND NATIVE BLACK LOCUST (ROBINIA PSEUDOACACIA L.) ECOSYSTEMS", "UN Food & Agriculture Organization's notes on Black Locust", "OSU: Managing Your Woodlot for Firewood", "Robinia pseudoacacia 'Tortuosa' – Plant Finder", "Black Locust: A Multi-purpose Tree Species for Temperate Climates", "Natural product agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ): A review", Black locust – US Forest Service Silvics Manual, Black locust – Invasive species: Minnesota DNR, European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robinia_pseudoacacia&oldid=991926498, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Decaisneana' has been considered a cultivar but is more accurately a hybrid (, ‘Frisia’, a selection with bright yellow-green leaves and red prickles, is occasionally planted as an. The black locust tree is one of the most popular types of locust trees, probably because it has so many uses and is so easy to grow. [8], In traditional medicine of India, different parts of R. pseudoacacia are used as laxative, antispasmodic, and diuretic.[28]. The toxins leached from the pressure treated lumber in use over the past 50 years have done immeasurable damage to the environment. [14] This makes removal of black locust difficult as the suckers need to be continually removed from both the trunk and roots or the tree will regrow. Looking for a faster return on investment? That's why so many are made into fence post. The hospital itself was established pre-1890, and the grounds (400+ acres) were apparently planted with many of these trees, many of them now over 75-80 feet in height. If you haven't seen it, picture the grain of oak and color it with gold and add a glow that shifts in the light. Black Locust wood contains natural organic compounds that resist rot for 100 years or more, which makes these trees an extremely valuable and environmentally friendly tree. (wikipedia.org). Posts made of this wood are good for grapevine supports in vineyards. [2], In Australia black locust has become naturalized within Victoria, New South Wales, South, and Western Australia. Well, it's not balsa. A deciduous tree, black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) was brought here from the Appalachian and Ozark Mountains for erosion control and durable wood. When growing in sandy areas this plant can enrich the soil by means of its nitrogen-fixing nodules, allowing other species to move in. Black Ebony is a much-branched, many-stemmed, spiny, deciduous tree losing its foliage in the dry season, or shrub of dry woodland and … Most natural reproduction is vegetative by means of root suckering and stump sprouting. Black locust is a shade-intolerant species[9] and therefore is typical of young woodlands and disturbed areas where sunlight is plentiful and the soil is dry. Black locust has nitrogen-fixing bacteria on its root system, so it can grow on poor soils and is an early colonizer of disturbed areas. It has a very low rate of expansion and contraction, making it very stable for furniture and woodwork (interior or exterior). Honey locust trees grow long, twisted pods. Although similar in general appearance to the honey locust, the black locust lacks that tree's characteristic long branched thorns on the trunk, having instead the pairs of short prickles at the base of each leaf; the leaflets are also much broader than honey locust. The sharp spines on black locusts are usually present on immature trees and grow at the base of each leaf. They have a diameter of between 0.60 to 1.2 meters ( 2- 4 feet). Black locust does not do well on compacted, clayey or eroded soils. In the early summer black locust flowers; the flowers are large and appear in large, intensely fragrant clusters reminiscent of orange blossoms. The flowers tend to last longer than on the wild tree. Partner with us and build a Black Locust Tree Plantation on your land, our land or anywhere in the world. The only soil that limits black locust growth is soil that is always wet. It can be easily propagated from roots, softwood, or hardwood[7][17] and this allows for easy reproduction of the plant. The wood is weak and brittle, subject to storm damage. At least it used to before the beetle borers showed up. The tree was named for its resemblance to Ceratonia siliqua, known as the "Old World Locust". and planted them at my house some 65 miles away and they are growing great. After a bad ice storm toppled a few, my father cut all but one for firewood (the rest cracked and split as they came down). Biology. Disease, pests, and problem resistance. Cultivars may also be grafted as this ensures the parent and daughter plant will be genetically identical. It's a wonderful species for firewood – it burns hot and long if properly seasoned. We have found at least 5 advantages for the lazy grower like myself. Black locust has been found to have either 2n=20 or 2n=22 chromosomes. These trees have more deeply furrowed bark, branches that grow in zig zag patterns, … They are typically dog-legged. As a child I marveled at the coarse bark and the tall, lanky stature of these wonderful trees. It has white flowers and compound leaves, and the saplings and smaller branches of mature trees have thorns. Black locust trees can reach heights of 70 to 80 feet but are more often 30 to 50 feet tall. Such trees develop heart decay (fig. In 1900, the value of Robinia pseudoacacia was reported to be practically destroyed in nearly all parts of the United States beyond the mountain forests which are its home by locust borers which riddle the trunk and branches. In this sense, black locust can often grow as a weed tree. Fast growing! In the Netherlands and some other parts of Europe, black locust is one of the most rot-resistant local trees, and projects have started to limit the use of tropical wood by promoting this tree and creating plantations. Most legumes have pea-like flowers with distinctive seed pods. Whaddaya expect when it's practically the most durable and stable wood available? Growing locust trees is easy and they adapt well to lawn and street conditions. Woodpeckers may also nest in the trunk since older trees are often infected by heart rot. Black locust trees (Robinia pseudoacacia, USDA zones 4 through 8) are at their best in late spring, when trailing clusters of 5-inch, fragrant flowers bloom at the tips on new branches.The flowers attract honeybees, which use the nectar to make excellent honey. The black locust is native to the eastern United States, but the exact native range is not accurately known[9] as the tree has been cultivated and is currently found across the continent, in all the lower 48 states, eastern Canada, and British Columbia. Hard to work? [17] The locust borer Megacyllene robiniae larvae carve tunnels into the trunk of the tree and make it more prone to being knocked down by the wind. Black locust is known for its ability to grow in almost any type of soil. 'Purple robe' has dark rose-pink flowers and bronze red new growth. (Wesley Greene - garden historian for the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation). Old trees are commonly infected with the borer and some fungus diseases. Black Locust trees usually grow to between 12 to 30 meters high, or 40 to 100 feet high. [9] This tree tolerates a soil pH range of 4.6 to 8.2. Different to honey locust trees, the sharp spikes are short and don’t grow in long branches around the tree.
2020 where do black locust trees grow