For most applications, this won't matter, but for the highest of high-end programs -- those needing every last percent of the CPU -- the performance cost of J-code will not be acceptable. Explanation of the definition of interface inheritance as described in GoF book. One of the keys to the languages' portability was to avoid or minimize things specific to the processor or environment that were not a part of theoretical computing. This semantic looseness allows a single block of C or C++ source code to compile to programs that give different results when run on different CPUs, operating systems, compilers, and even on a single compiler/CPU/OS combination, depending on various compiler settings. Examples include Web browsers and the applet viewer in Java's software development kit (SDK). Java programs can carry an extensive amount of run-time information that can be used to verify and resolve accesses to objects at run-time. As long as there is JRE (Java Runtime Environment) set up, java will run on that platform. In the case of Java, it is the magic of Bytecode that makes it platform independent. When you compile the code, the Java compiler creates machine code (called byte code) for a hypothetical machine called Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Java code is portable while C++ does not provide portability. All function and data exist within classes in Java. Why the difficulty? Java provides Write Once Run Anywhere (WORA), which makes the java language portable. Machines that don't fit this model, including 8-bit microcontrollers and Cray supercomputers, can't run Java efficiently. Every Java implementation provides libraries implementing this virtual OS/GUI. And again, when creating new languages, other features would be added. When people talk about portability, feel free to question their definition as it applies to the source language or to the executable of the application. Nothing in the Java programming language requires Java source code to be compiled into code for the JVM instead of into native object code. Even compilers that produce object code for several different CPU families (for example, x86, MIPS, and SPARC) only produce object code for one CPU type at a time; if you need object code for three different families of CPU, you must compile your source code three times. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Now that we have covered some essential terms, we'll explain each of the three types of Java portability. All the programs that are dynamically downloaded to various platforms through internet, should generate code for execution which is portable. Portability. Thus began high level languages. A computer software application is considered portable to a new environment if the effort required to adapt it to the new environment is within reasonable limits. Platform independence could be achieved for a C/C++ program, by compiling it for every platform. programs written for one type of computer or operating system can be run on another type of computer or operating system.". There is no need to remove unreferenced objects because t… went throgh a couple of books trying to understand all these JAVA jargons. ... Let me explain a bit about Procedural Programming Language. The JVM, being essentially an imaginary CPU, is independent of the source code language. What led NASA et al. Dynamic. Java is indeed known for this due to the fact that it runs on something called as an intermediate code called bytecode. Java makes it easier for these companies to compete in the Windows market, but also allows Microsoft easier entry into the OS/2 and Unix markets. The main motive behind Java invention is to introduce a feature called Java Portability. The prerequirement for portability is the generalized abstraction between the application logic and system interfaces.When software with the same functionality is produced for several computing platforms, portability is the key issue for development cost reduction. Conversely, C++ allows functions and data to be external to any class. To add more to why Java is Important, Java’s platform independence, portability … Java was released with the promise of “Write once, run anywhere”. Now applications only needed an interpreter for this intermediate executable language and they could run on a new platform. Software Engineering Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professionals, academics, and students working within the systems development life cycle. C is really not all that portable. You compile it on one patform and the resultant class files can run on any JVM. Honeywell) to another (e.g. Portability is a characteristic attributed to a computer program if it can be used in an operating systems other than the one in which it was created without requiring major rework.Porting is the task of doing any work necessary to make the computer program run in the new environment. Compilers, and interpreters are specializations of a translator. Examples: COBOL, LISP, FORTRAN. At the same time, the thinkers were becoming lazy and wanted more (machine) code written with less typing and effort. Portability has usually meant some work when moving an application program to another operating system. In practice portability is mainly about libraries. Explain how Java addresses the issue of portability and security. really? Some languages and environments are more portable than others. While the C standard is so vauge hardware-wise, that it barely assumes that the program will run on any form of hardware. What is serialization? Users don't care about portability, per se. Read more: These new languages included tighter specifications for portability. The scope of portable C is command-line utilities that don't interact with a network or other fancy services. All these features help to narrow the variation in the behavior of a Java program from platform to platform and implementation to implementation. Java with native code is harder to debug than pure Java or pure C/C++. Developers: Opportunities and threats loom large. Native code can introduce significant platform dependencies / issues for an otherwise platform independent Java app. For full programs it's hard to achieve in practice IMO. The peripheral manufacturers started producing products according to these standards. Where did the concept of a (fantasy-style) "dungeon" originate? To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. This became expensive. (See the Resources section of this article for additional information.). Because Java has high portability and low maintenance. The following terms are used in this article: The JVM is an imaginary CPU for which most Java compilers emit code. byte code). More people were happy. Addressing Portability: Many computers of different types with several operating systems are connected to network / internet. A program begin to inter-operate with OS's the moment it is loaded into memory or even before that. Even without the JVM, programs written in the Java language can be expected to port (after recompiling) to different CPUs and operating systems much better than equivalent C or C++ programs. JVM,JRE & PORTABILITY . DeepMind just announced a breakthrough in protein folding, what are the consequences? Please clear my confusion. Java Editions includes execution engine, compiler and set of libraries. The library part is really the major difference, with standard support for graphics, threads etc. Most Microsoft Windows programs written in C or C++ do not port easily to the Macintosh or Unix environments, even after recompiling. Please read our previous article where we discussed Parallel Programming in Java.At the end of this article, you will understand what is Reflection and How to use Reflection in Java with Examples. Java programs that use these libraries to provide needed OS and GUI functionality port fairly easily. Explain the catches? In the days when computers were contrived, there were many processors and each had its own machine or assembly language. Consequently, an expression like, ...more efficiently than 32-bit ones, making. An application called a translator would convert the high level language to the specialized machine code. This feature makes java platform independant. C was not designed; it grew. hi all, i am a novice in this JAVA world. This idea is not new; languages such as C and C++ have provided the opportunity for this level of portability for many years. The JVM is a virtual machine to run Java desktop, server, and web applications. What is exactly the meaning of “portability”? @CodeInChaos: that's a scope issue. In fact, Java provides three distinct types of portability: source code portability, CPU architecture portability, and OS/GUI portability. Using a portability library instead of native OS/GUI calls is not a new idea. Most of them are hard to abstract away with cross platform libraries. @Summer It's possible for code that doesn't use operating system specific libraries. I've heard that there are C compilers that generate Java byte code instead of native machine code, so in that case it's possible to write C code that winds up being byte-for-byte portable between JVMs. This includes enforcing runtime constraints through the use of the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), a security manager that sandboxes untrusted code from the rest of the operating system, and a suite of security APIs that Java developers can utilise. This is when the demand for portability began. Can Java applications run on phones (at least android) AND Windows? A given Java program should produce identical results regardless of the underlying CPU, operating system, or Java compiler. Portability is a characteristic attributed to a computer program if it can be used in an operating systems other than the one in which it was created without requiring major rework. Mobile Computing is a technology that allows transmission of data, voice and video via a computer or any other wireless enabled device without having to be connected to a fixed physical link. ggauravr wrote: Could anyone plz explain to me why actually java is considered portable even though the virtual machine for each platform is different ?? It is distributed, portable, multi-threaded, and interpreted—mainly intended for the development of object oriented, network based software for Internet applications. Portability in high-level computer programming is the usability of the same software in different environments. Prior to the Internet, there was no need for virtual machines to prove programs safe and virus-free. Addressing Portability: Many computers of different types with several operating systems are connected to network / internet. There's no way for any language to be 100% platform-independent without something between it and the underlying OS/hardware that is specific to that OS/hardware. The latest trend is to find ways of making an application's executable more portable across platforms, thus reducing development effort to port an application to new platforms. The applet container uses the sandbox security model, preventing applets from accessing system resources and causing harm. Not only did C "grow" rather than being designed, but the committees writing specifications felt it was more important to that any new rules be consistent with the behavior of existing implementations (even obscure ones) than that they actually allow for the writing of portable code. Features available on only one OS/GUI, such as tabbed dialog boxes, were omitted. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. And with the rise of mobile devices, Java… How do people recognise the frequency of a played note? This partitioning allows companies in the OS/2 and Unix markets to disregard Microsoft as a competitor. Instead of producing output for each different CPU family on which the Java program is intended to run, the current Java compilers produce object code (called J-code) for a CPU that does not yet exist. In those cases where desired functionality is unattainable with workarounds, developers most likely will choose to write non-portable code. Sometimes developers will be able to work around this by extending the AWT; other times they will not. The platform features Web services support through the new JAX-RPC 1.1 API, which provides service endpoints based on servlets and enterprise beans. Java is very easy to learn, and its syntax is simple, clean and easy to understand. Thus, not all source code is trivially portable between different systems. Standardization goes in hand with portability. As long as the developer stayed within these bounds, the programs would build and execute on different platforms. Java technology takes portability a stage further by being strict in its definition of the basic language. Is there a contradiction in being told by disciples the hidden (disciple only) meaning behind parables for the masses, even though we are the masses?
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